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Skin Cancer Prevention in a Pediatric Population

Phase 2
5 Years
6 Years
Not Enrolling
Skin Cancer

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Trial Information

Skin Cancer Prevention in a Pediatric Population

About 1 in 90 American children born in the late 1990's will develop malignant melanoma in
their lifetimes. Sun exposure in childhood appears to be the most important preventable
risk factor for this disease. This project will develop a tailored, risk-based, written
intervention, which will be mailed to parents of children age 6-9 years in the spring of
each year. The tailored intervention will utilize the Precaution Adoption Process Model,
which has a primary focus on risk perception and suggests that there are seven stages
leading to sustained health behavior change. The effectiveness of the intervention will be
tested using a randomized controlled trail involving 1000 children recruited from health
care facilities and community locations at age 5-6 years and followed for 3 years using
telephone interviews to assess sun protection behaviors and skin exams to observe changes in
melanocytic nevi, freckling, and tanning.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Child born in 1998, has resided in the Denver, Colorado area

Exclusion Criteria:

- Parents unable to respond to telephone survey; child has disabling condition

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Outcome Measure:

sun protection behavior scale

Outcome Description:

Parent report through telephone interview

Outcome Time Frame:

change from baseline over 4 years

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Lori A Crane, PhD, MPH

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

University of Colorado, Denver


United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:




Start Date:

November 2003

Completion Date:

September 2008

Related Keywords:

  • Skin Cancer
  • skin cancer prevention
  • precaution adoption process model
  • semi-tailored newsletter
  • pediatric
  • behavioral intervention
  • Skin Neoplasms



University of Colorado Denver Denver, Colorado  80262