Pilot Study of Educational Interventions in Pediatric Hematopoietic Stem Cell Donors to Increase Knowledge of Donation and Transplantation Procedures
- Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) represents the second most frequent major
organ transplant in the United States.
- A variety of psychological difficulties in sibling donors post-stem cell donation are
reported, including withdrawal, guilt, anger, depression, anxiety, mild to severe
psychopathology, and post-traumatic stress symptomatology.
- The importance of preparation for children undergoing medical procedures has long been
recognized in the field of pediatric psychology. In previous research, siblings who
felt they were not adequately prepared for possible complications following HSCT
donation and transplant often described negative emotions.
- Some siblings have reported feeling pressured and coerced to become a donor, while
others describe a lack of attention to their physical fears associated with donation
and their psychological concerns.
- No prospective studies examining educational tools and transplant knowledge in sibling
stem cell donors are currently available.
- To assess pediatric 1st degree stem cell donor comprehension of transplant procedures
and compare knowledge prior to educational interventions (pre and post-consent
informational session) to knowledge following educational interventions.
- To assess the effectiveness of a workbook intervention as a learning tool for conveying
information on stem cell donation and transplantation to pediatric donors.
- To assess the effectiveness of a board game intervention (ShopTalk) as a learning tool
for conveying information on stem cell donation and transplantation to pediatric
- To identify donors who may require additional preparation prior to stem cell
- To measure donor anxiety pre and post the educational intervention and stem cell
donation and explore the relationship between donor knowledge and anxiety symptoms.
- Age: 10 to 26 years of age
- Participants or their parents must consent to participation in active bone marrow and
peripheral blood stem cell transplant protocols at the NIH.
- For donors less than 18 years of age, their legal guardian must give informed consent,
the donor must give written assent.
- For donors greater than or equal to 18 years of age, ability to give informed consent.
- Participants must understand and read English or Spanish.
- Baseline knowledge will be assessed following consent.
- Knowledge will be reassessed following the information session for the transplant
- Donors will be stratified into 2 groups by age. Donors ages 10 to 15 will be scheduled
the following day to play a game called ShopTalk. Donors ages 16 to 26 will be given a
workbook on HSCT specifically designed for 1st degree stem cell donors. Knowledge will
be reassessed following the administration of these interventions.
- A follow-up assessment will be administered to all participants 1 month after the post
intervention test was administered.
Time Perspective: Prospective
Lori Wiener, Ph.D.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
United States: Federal Government
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike||Bethesda, Maryland 20892|