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Administration of an Oral PDE5 Inhibitor, Tadalafil in Conjunction With Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone in Patients With Multiple Myeloma

Phase 2
18 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Multiple Myeloma

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Trial Information

Administration of an Oral PDE5 Inhibitor, Tadalafil in Conjunction With Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone in Patients With Multiple Myeloma

Inclusion Criteria:

- Progressive myeloma as defined by the International Uniform Criteria.

- Currently on Lenalidomide and dexamethasone for the treatment of myeloma

- Age > 18 years.

- Measurable paraprotein in serum or urine or detectable free light chains in the

- ECOG performance status of 0 - 2.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Hypersensitivity to PDE5 inhibitors such as tadalafil, sildenafil or vardenafil.

- History of malignancy other than multiple myeloma in the last five years of, except
adequately treated basal or squamous cell skin cancer.

- Participation in any clinical trial which involved an investigational drug or device
four weeks prior.

- Infection requiring treatment with antibiotics, antifungal, or antiviral agents in
the last seven days

- Any evidence of severe or uncontrolled systemic disease (e.g., unstable or
uncompensated respiratory, cardiac, hepatic, or renal disease).

- History of significant hypotensive episode requiring hospitalization.

- Acute myocardial infarction within prior 3 months, uncontrolled angina

- Uncontrolled arrhythmia, or uncontrolled congestive heart failure

- History of any of the following cardiac conditions:

I. Angina requiring treatment with long-acting nitrates. II. Angina requiring treatment
with short-acting nitrates within 90 days of planned tadalafil administration.

III. Unstable angina within 90 days of visit 1. IV. Positive cardiac stress test without
documented evidence of subsequent, effective cardiac intervention.

- History of any of the following coronary conditions within 90 days of planned tadalafil

i. Myocardial Infarction.

ii. Coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

iii. Percutaneous coronary intervention (for example, angioplasty or stent placement).

iv. Any evidence of heart disease (NYHA≥Class III) within 6 months of planned tadalafil

- Current treatment with nitrates.

- Current systemic treatment with a potent cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inhibitors such
as ketoconazole or ritonavir.

- Prior chronic immune suppressive state (AIDS, immunosuppressive therapy).

- History of hypotension and/or blindness or sudden decrease/loss of hearing during
prior treatment with PDE-5 inhibitors.

- Prior history of non-arterial ischemic optic retinopathy

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Anti-tumor efficacy of tadalafil, Lenalidomide/dexamethasone in multiple myeloma

Outcome Description:

Hypothesis testing will be used to test the null that 5% patients will have a response versus the alternative hypothesis of 25% (a 20% improvement). If 3 or more out of 19 patients had response, the null hypothesis is rejected at a type I error rate of 0.05 (one-sided) given 20% type II error rate. If initial review after 12 patients shows at least 1 response, 7 more patients will be enrolled. The therapy will be continued until progression or intolerable adverse effects. Clinical response will be evaluated by calculating the increase or decrease in the M-protein levels in blood and marrow.

Outcome Time Frame:

1 year

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Nilanjan Ghosh, M.D., Ph.D.

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Johns Hopkins University


United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:




Start Date:

August 2011

Completion Date:

February 2015

Related Keywords:

  • Multiple Myeloma
  • Multiple Myeloma
  • Neoplasms, Plasma Cell



Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center Lutherville, Maryland