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A Randomised, Multicentric, Phase 2a Study Evaluating the Impact of an Immunotherapy by IL-7 on CD4 Lymphopenia, Risks of Severe Haematological Toxicity and Tumor Progression in Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients

Phase 2
18 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Metastatic Breast Cancer

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Trial Information

A Randomised, Multicentric, Phase 2a Study Evaluating the Impact of an Immunotherapy by IL-7 on CD4 Lymphopenia, Risks of Severe Haematological Toxicity and Tumor Progression in Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients

A key secondary objective is to determine if CYT107 treatment enables to reduce the
incidence of severe haematological toxicity (any type of haematological toxicity Grade ≥ 3)

Other secondary objectives are to assess the impact of CYT107 treatment on the following

- Overall incidence of side effects (any type any grade)

- Progression-free survival (PFS)

- Compliance to chemotherapy regimen (dose intensity, number of chemotherapy cycles).

- CD4 lymphopenia over the study period

Exploratory biological markers

A series of biomarkers analyses will be performed to evaluate if CYT107 treatment will:

- selectively stimulate the proliferation and activation of peripheral immune subsets
(analysis of phenotype and activation status of peripheral immune e sub-populations)

- selectively improve the functional response of T cells, DC subsets and NK cells.

- is able to revert tolerogenic immune burden to increase specific anti-tumor response
(measure of antigen specific CD8 response, measure of cytokine plasmatic levels)

- enable to increase TCR diversity (analysis of combinatorial diversity).

Inclusion Criteria:

- Female aged more than 18 years

- Histologic diagnosis of metastatic breast cancer to be treated with capecitabine at
study entry. NB: Patients previously treated with capecitabine are eligible only if
more than 6 months have elapsed since the last capecitabine intake.

- Lymphopenic (i.e. with at least one value of lymphocyte count 1500/µL within 15 days
before Day 0).

- Performance status ECOG of 0, 1,2 or 3

- Life expectancy ≥ 6months

- Adequate bone marrow, hepatic and renal function as follows:

- Neutrophils ≥ 1,000/µL

- Platelets ≥ 100 109/µL

- ASAT, ALAT, or Alkaline Phosphatase ≤ 2.5 x ULN

- Total Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN

- INR ≤ 1.5

- Calculated creatinin clearance ≥ 60mL/min (Cockcroft formula or MDRD formula for
patients older than 65 years old)- Ability to understand and sign informed

- Covered by a medical insurance.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Prior history of other malignancies other than breast cancer (except for basal cell
or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix) unless the
subjects has been free of the disease for at least 3 years.

- No resolution of specific toxicities related to any prior anti-cancer therapy to
Grade ≤2 according to the NCI CTCAE v.4.0 (except lymphopenia, alopecia and

- Wash out period of less than 5 times the half-life of previous anti-cancer treatment
before study entry, except if previous chemotherapy treatment before study entry. NB:
For patient previously treated by hormonotherapy, a wash out period of 1 week will be

- Uncontrolled hypertension (i.e., resting systolic blood pressure greater than140 mmHg
or resting diastolic blood pressure greater than 90 mmHg), despite pharmacologic
antihypertensive treatment, confirmed with a second blood pressure measurement done
later in the same day

- History of lymphoid malignancy (e.g. Hodgkin disease, non Hodgkin lymphoma,

- History of splenectomy or hematologic disease associated with hypersplenism, such as
gamma or beta-thalassemia, hereditary spherocytosis, Gaucher's disease, or autoimmune
hemolytic anemia.

- Any cardiac, pulmonary, thyroid, renal, hepatic, neurological severe/uncontrolled
concurrent medical disease that in the opinion of the investigator could cause
unacceptable safety risks or compromise compliance with the protocol

- Any history of severe auto-immune disease

- Hepatitis B antigen (HBs Ag) positive, Hepatitis C (HCV Ab) antibody positive or HCV
RNA detectable

- Documented HIV-1 positivity

- History of cardiovascular disorders grade >2 (NYHA) within 6 months preceding the

- Active uncontrolled viral, fungal or bacterial infection

- Active drug or alcohol use or dependence that, in the opinion of the investigator,
would interfere with adherence to study requirements (participants must agree to
refrain from substance abuse use during the entire course of the study)

- Pregnant or breast-feeding women

- No use of effective birth control methods for women of childbearing potential

- Any contraindications to capecitabine treatment (refer to Xeloda SPC Appendix 11) and
to any other anti-cancer treatment authorized as per protocol (refer to respective
SPC for specific contraindications)

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

to determine the optimal schedule to deliver CYT107 during chemotherapy based on restoration of CD4 count

Outcome Description:

Evolution of CD4 count from Day 0 to Week 11 with repeated measures from D0 to W12 (D0, D21, D57, D78).

Outcome Time Frame:

after 11 weeks of treatment

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Isabelle Ray Coquart

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Centre Léon Bérard, Lyon


France: Afssaps - Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des produits de santé (Saint-Denis)

Study ID:




Start Date:

June 2011

Completion Date:

June 2014

Related Keywords:

  • Metastatic Breast Cancer
  • IL-7
  • metastatic breast cancer patients
  • lymphopenia
  • Breast Neoplasms
  • Lymphopenia