Melanoma Risk Assessment and Skin Cancer Awareness, Prevention, and Education in a Primary Care Setting
This study aims to evaluate the impact of a mailed, tailored intervention, on the skin
cancer prevention and skin self-examination behaviors of high-risk and moderate-risk adults.
Participants will be recruited in primary health care setting (Penn Radnor Clinic) after
their scheduled appointment. During Phase I of this study, patients will be screened for
their level of risk for skin cancer. They will be asked to complete a survey as well as
undergo a quick skin exam administered by the research staff. Moderate- and high-risk
persons will be invited to enroll in Phase II of the study, and will then complete a
baseline survey either in person, over the phone, or via mail after they have consented.
After completing a baseline survey, these participants will be randomized to receive
tailored materials, including personalized risk feedback, or to a control group that will
receive generic educational materials. Participants will then be re-assessed at follow-up
approximately three (3) months later via a mailed survey.
The intervention consists of one to three sets of intervention materials, depending on if
they are randomized to the generic group or the tailored group. The first mailing will be
sent out approximately two weeks after a participant completes the baseline survey, and is
designed to educate participants on ways to prevent skin cancer though personalized
behavioral changes. The second mailing will be sent out two weeks after the first mailing,
and is designed to provide a guide to participants on steps to complete a skin self exam.
Finally, the third mailing will be sent out two weeks after the second mailing, and will
provide medical information to the participants regarding types of skin cancer along with
tips to remember that encompass information from previous mailings.
Finally, the participant will complete a follow-up survey approximately one (1) month after
the last mailing has been mailed.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Compare the effects of offering tailored print materials to that of generic print materials on perceived risk of melanoma, sun avoidance/protection, and skin self-examination behaviors.
In Phase II of this study, we will conduct a randomized trial to compare the effects of a tailored intervention to a standard intervention of brochures with risk communication, skin cancer prevention, and skin cancer detection information. Outcomes are sun protection, sun exposure, frequency of sunburns, and skin examinations. Subjects in Phase II will be adults at moderate and high risk for skin cancer based on the scores they received from the risk assessment in Phase I.
3-6 months total per participant
Karen Glanz, PhD, MPH
University of Pennsylvania
United States: Institutional Review Board
|University of Pennsylvania||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104|