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A Phase I Open-label Dose-escalation Study With Lenalidomide in Combination With a Fixed Dose of Sorafenib for the Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Phase 1
18 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Hepatocellular Carcinoma

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Trial Information

A Phase I Open-label Dose-escalation Study With Lenalidomide in Combination With a Fixed Dose of Sorafenib for the Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Inclusion Criteria:

- Clinical or pathological diagnosis of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)
based on radiologic criteria, elevated alpha fetoprotein and/or tissue biopsy

- All previous cancer therapy, including radiation, hormonal therapy and surgery, must
have been discontinued at least 28 days prior to treatment in this study

- Child-Pugh Liver Function Class A/B9

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of
- Laboratory test results within protocol-specific ranges

- Disease free of prior malignancies for >/= 5 years with exception of currently
treated basal cell, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma "in situ" of
the cervix or breast.

- All study participants must be registered into the mandatory RevAssist® program, and
be willing and able to comply with the requirements of RevAssist® (Revlimid is only
available under a restricted distribution program called "RevAssist.")

- Females of childbearing potential must have two negative pregnancy tests before
starting lenalidomide and must agree to use two methods of birth control and submit
to pregnancy tests throughout the study.

- Able to take aspirin daily as prophylactic anticoagulation

- Age >18 years at the time of signing the informed consent form

- Life expectancy of at least 30 days

Exclusion Criteria:

- No serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness
(including no evidence of hepatic encephalopathy) that would prevent the subject from
signing the informed consent form

- No pregnant or breast feeding females. (Lactating females must agree not to breast
feed while taking lenalidomide)

- No patients who have undergone surgical resection or received chemotherapy,
percutaneous ethanol injection, radiation therapy or chemoembolization within 30 days
prior to commencement of the study

- No condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the
subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds
the ability to interpret data from the study

- No use of any other experimental drug or therapy within 28 days of baseline

- No known hypersensitivity to thalidomide

- Patients who developed erythema nodosum if characterized by a desquamating rash while
taking thalidomide or similar drugs will be excluded

- No prior use of lenalidomide

- No concurrent use of other anti-cancer agents or treatments

- No known positivity for HIV or infectious hepatitis, type B-8/9 or C

- No active infection not controlled effectively with antimicrobial or antiviral

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Number of Participants with Dose Limiting Toxicities as a Measure of Safety of the combination of lenalidomide and sorafenib.

Outcome Time Frame:

2 years

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

E. Gabriela Chiorean, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center


United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:

1004-05; IUCRO-0298



Start Date:

May 2011

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • Carcinoma
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular



Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center Indianapolis, Indiana  46202-5289