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A Phase 1 Trial of BKM 120, a Novel Oral Selective Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) Inhibitor, in Combination With Fulvestrant in Postmenopausal Women With Estrogen Receptor Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer


Phase 1
18 Years
N/A
Open (Enrolling)
Female
Estrogen Receptor-positive Breast Cancer, Recurrent Breast Cancer, Stage IV Breast Cancer

Thank you

Trial Information

A Phase 1 Trial of BKM 120, a Novel Oral Selective Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) Inhibitor, in Combination With Fulvestrant in Postmenopausal Women With Estrogen Receptor Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer


PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of BKM120 (PI3K inhibitor BKM120) in
combination with fulvestrant.

II. To evaluate the toxicity profile of BKM120 in combination with fulvestrant.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the toxicity profile of BKM120 in combination with fulvestrant when
administered for at least 3 months.

II. To determine the steady state blood concentrations of BKM120 when combined with
fulvestrant.

III. To evaluate the anti-tumor effect (partial response [PR], complete response [CR],
stable disease [SD], and progressive disease [PD]) of BKM120 in combination with fulvestrant
in patients with ER+ metastatic breast cancer.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To examine baseline tumor specimens for phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway
abnormalities, and to correlate with treatment response.

II. To examine the PIK3 catalytic alpha polypeptide (PIK3CA) mutation status in circulating
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) at baseline and following study therapy and to correlate with
tumor tissue PIK3CA status and treatment response.

III. To determine effects of study therapy on fasting C-peptide and glucose. IV. To evaluate
target inhibition by BKM120 on serial tumor biopsies collected before and following study
therapy.

V. To evaluate the effect of BKM120 in combination with fulvestrant on tumor cell
proliferation and apoptosis.

VI. To obtain preliminary pilot data to evaluate the effect of BKM120 on tumor cell
proliferation, as measured by FLT-PET/CT (Phase IB)

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of PI3K inhibitor BKM120. Patients receive PI3K
inhibitor BKM120 orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28 (if enrolled in Phase IA or Cohort
C) or on a 5 days on/2 days off schedule (if enrolled in Phase IB). All patients will
receive fulvestrant intramuscularly (IM) on days 1 and 15 of Cycle 1 and day 1 of all
subsequent cycles. Cycles repeat ever 28 days in the absence of disease progression or
unacceptable toxicity.

Two OPTIONAL FLT-PET/CT scans: the first one done at baseline before the start of BKM120 and
the second one done between Day 16 and Day18 after BKM120 is started. After completion of
study treatment, patients are followed up for 28 days.


Inclusion Criteria:



- Patient must be ≥ 18 years of age

- Patient must be a postmenopausal woman, defined by one of the following criteria:

- Women ≥ 60 years

- Women aged 45-59 years with spontaneous cessation of menses ≥ 12 months prior to
registration

- Women aged 45-59 years with cessation of menses of duration < 12 months or
secondary to hysterectomy AND an follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) level in the
postmenopausal range according to institutional standards (or > 34.4 IU/L if
institutional range is not available) prior to registration

- Women aged 45-59 years on hormonal replacement therapy who have discontinued
hormonal therapy AND an FSH level in the postmenopausal range according to
institutional standards (or > 34.4 IU/L if institutional range is not available)
prior to registration

- Status post bilateral surgical oophorectomy

- Patient must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 48 hours before starting
study treatment (if a woman of childbearing potential)

- Patient must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =<
2

- Patient must have histologically or cytologically confirmed invasive breast cancer
that is stage IV or metastatic (histologic/cytologic confirmation of recurrence
preferred, but not required)

- Patient must have a representative tumor tissue specimen available; archival tissue
is allowed

- Either the primary or the metastatic tumor must be positive for estrogen receptor (>=
1% tumor cell staining by immunohistochemistry or an Allred Score of >= 3 by
immunohistochemistry)

- Patient must have at least one site of measurable disease as per Response Evaluation
Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria

- Patient must have had no more than 3 lines of systemic therapy (including endocrine
therapy) for metastatic disease to be eligible for phase IB and the last 10 patients
of Cohort C; there is no limitation on the numbers of prior systemic therapies for
phase IA and the first 2 patients of Cohort C

- Patients who are currently taking fulvestrant without disease progression are
eligible

- Patient must have a life expectancy of >= 12 weeks

- Patient must have adequate oran function as defined as:

- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/uL

- Platelet count >= 100,000/uL

- Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL

- Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) within
normal range (or =< 3.0 x ULN if liver metastases are present)

- Serum bilirubin within normal range (or =< 1.5 x ULN if liver metastases are
present; or total bilirubin =< 3.0 x ULN with direct bilirubin within normal
range in patients with well documented Gilbert Syndrome)

- Serum amylase =< ULN

- Serum lipase =< ULN

- Magnesium >= the lower limit of normal

- Potassium within normal limits for the institution

- Patient must have international normalized ratio (INR) =< 2

- Patient must have fasting plasma glucose =< 120 mg/dL (6.7 mmol/L)

- Patient must have total calcium (corrected for serum albumin) within normal limits
(bisphosphonate use for malignant hypercalcemia control is not allowed)

- Patient must be able and willing to sign the consent form

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patient must not have received prior treatment with a P13K inhibitor

- Patient must not have a known hypersensitivity to BKM120 or to its excipients

- Patient must not have untreated brain metastases; however, patients with metastatic
central nervous system (CNS) tumors may participate in this trial if the patient is:

- 4 weeks from therapy completion (including radiation and/or surgery)

- Clinically stable at the time of study entry

- Not receiving corticosteroid therapy

- Patient must not have acute or chronic liver disease, renal disease, or pancreatitis

- Patient must not have any of the following mood disorders as judged by the
Investigator or a Psychiatrist

- Medically documented history of or active major depressive episode, bipolar
disorder (I or II), obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, a history of
suicidal attempt or ideation, or homicidal ideation (immediate risk of doing
harm to others)

- Greater than or equal to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE)
grade 3 anxiety

- Patient must not meet the cut-off score of >= 10 in the Patient Health Questionnaire
(PHQ-9) or a cut-off of >= 15 in the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)-7 mood scale,
respectively, or select a positive response of 1, 2, or 3 to question number 9
regarding potential for suicidal thoughts in the PHQ-9 (independent of the total
score of the PHQ-9)

- Patient must not have >= grade 2 diarrhea

- Patient must not have active cardiac disease including any of the following:

- Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50% as determined by Multiple Grated
acquisition (MUGA) scan or echocardiogram (ECHO)

- QTc > 480 msec on screening electrocardiogram (ECG) (using the QTcF formula)

- Angina pectoris that requires the use of anti-anginal medication

- Ventricular arrhythmias except for benign premature ventricular contractions

- Supraventricular and nodal arrhythmias requiring a pacemaker or not controlled
with medication

- Conduction abnormality requiring a pacemaker

- Valvular disease with document compromise in cardiac function

- Symptomatic pericarditis

- Patient must not have a history of cardiac dysfunction including any of the
following:

- Myocardial infarction within the last 6 months, documented by persistent
elevated cardiac enzymes or persistent regional wall abnormalities on assessment
of LVEF function

- History of documented congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association
functional classification III-IV)

- Documented cardiomyopathy

- Patient must not have poorly controlled diabetes mellitus or steroid-induced diabetes
mellitus (defined by fasting glucose >120 mg/dL or hemoglobin [Hb] A1c > 7%)

- Patient must not have any other concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled concomitant
medical conditions (e.g., active or uncontrolled infection) that could cause
unacceptable safety risks or compromise compliance with the protocol

- Patient must not have significant symptomatic deterioration of lung function; if
clinically indicated, pulmonary function tests including measures of predicted lung
volumes; diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide (DLco), oxygen (O2) saturation at rest
on room air should be considered to exclude pneumonitis or pulmonary infiltrates

- Patient must not have impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that
may significantly alter the absorption of BKM120 (e.g., ulcerative diseases,
uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, or small bowel
resection); patients with unresolved diarrhea will be excluded as previously
indicated

- Patient must not have been treated with any hematopoietic colony-stimulating growth
factors (e.g., filgrastim [G-CSF], sargramostim [GM-CSF]) =< 2 weeks prior to
starting study drug; erythropoietin or darbepoetin therapy, if initiated at least 2
weeks prior to enrollment, may be continued

- Patient must not have taken herbal medications and certain fruits within 7 days prior
to starting study drug; herbal medications include, but are not limited to: St. Johns
wort, Kava, ephedra (ma huang), gingko biloba, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA),
yohimbe, saw palmetto, and ginseng; fruits include the CYP3A inhibitors Seville
oranges, grapefruit, pummelos, or exotic citrus fruits

- Patient must not be currently receiving treatment with medication with a known risk
to prolong the QT interval or inducing Torsades de Pointes unless the treatment can
either be discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to starting study
drug; please refer to Table 5-2 for a list of prohibited QT prolonging drugs with
risk of Torsades de Pointes

- Patient must not be receiving chronic treatment with steroids or another
immunosuppressive agent; Note: topical applications (e.g. rash), inhaled sprays (e.g.
obstructive airways diseases), eye drops or local injections (e.g. intra-articular)
are allowed; patients with previously treated brain metastases who are on stable low
dose corticosteroids treatment (e.g. dexamethasone 2 mg/day, prednisolone 10 mg/day)
for at least 14 days before start of study treatment are eligible

- Patient must not be currently treated with drugs known to be moderate or strong
inhibitors or inducers of isoenzyme cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A (CYP3A)
unless the treatment can be discontinued or switched to a different medication prior
to starting study drug (please note that co-treatment with weak inhibitors of CYP3A
is allowed)

- Patient must not have received chemotherapy or targeted anticancer therapy =< 4 weeks
(6 weeks for nitrosourea, antibodies or mitomycin-C) prior to starting study drug

- Patient with any residual toxicities may not be enrolled unless all toxicities
recover to =< grade 1 before starting the trial

- Patient must not have received any continuous or intermittent small molecule
therapeutics (excluding monoclonal antibodies) =< 5 effective half lives prior to
starting study drug; patient must have recovered from side effects of such therapy

- Patient must not have received wide field radiotherapy =< 4 weeks or limited field
radiation for palliation =< 2 weeks prior to starting study drug; patient must have
recovered from side effects of such therapy

- Patient must not have undergone major surgery =< 2 weeks prior to starting study
drug; patient must have recovered from side effects of such therapy

- Patient must not be currently taking therapeutic doses of warfarin sodium or any
other Coumadin-derivative anticoagulant

- Patient must not have a known diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
infection

- Patient must not have a history of another malignancy within 3 years, except cured
basal cell carcinoma of the skin or excised carcinoma in situ of the cervix

Type of Study:

Interventional

Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

MTD of BKM120 in combination with fulvestrant

Outcome Description:

Highest dose level at which no more than 1 of 6 patients develops a dose-limiting toxicity

Outcome Time Frame:

1 month

Safety Issue:

Yes

Principal Investigator

Cynthia Ma

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Siteman Cancer Center at Washington University

Authority:

United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:

201105445

NCT ID:

NCT01339442

Start Date:

November 2011

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Estrogen Receptor-positive Breast Cancer
  • Recurrent Breast Cancer
  • Stage IV Breast Cancer
  • Breast Neoplasms

Name

Location

Washington University School of MedicineSaint Louis, Missouri  63110