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A Phase Ia/Ib Clinical Trial of PRI-724 in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors


Phase 1
18 Years
N/A
Open (Enrolling)
Both
Advanced Solid Tumors

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Trial Information

A Phase Ia/Ib Clinical Trial of PRI-724 in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors


Primary Objectives

- Determine the MTD of PRI-724 when administered as a 7-day CIV intravenous infusion to
patients with solid tumors (Phase Ia).

- Determine the MTD of PRI-724 when administered as a 7-day CIV infusion in combination
with mFOLFOX6 in patients with colorectal carcinoma (Phase Ib).

Secondary Objectives

- Describe the dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) and adverse event profile of PRI-724 when
administered as a 7-day CIV infusion either alone in patients with solid tumors, or in
combination with mFOLFOX6 in patients with colorectal carcinoma.

- Determine the pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of PRI-724 and C-82 when administered as a
7-day CIV infusion in these patient populations (In Phase 1b PK assessments will not be
performed in expanded MTD cohort patients).

- Obtain preliminary assessment of anti-tumor activity as manifested by responses to
treatment in these patient populations.

- Measure the mRNA expression of survivin by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain
reaction (RT-PCR), pre- and post-treatment with PRI-724:

- In circulating tumor cells (CTC)

- In tumor biopsy specimens from CRC patients (Phase Ib only) Also, evaluate whether
survivin expression in CTC is consistent and reflective of expression in tumor
specimens.

- Obtain preliminary assessments of potential associations of survivin that may be
impacted by the pharmacodynamic (PD) properties of PRI-724 and clinical outcome,
toxicity and PK parameters

- Assess the effects of Wnt inhibitor C-82 on the hair follicle neogenesis and the amount
of collagen expression

Exploratory Objective

• Obtain matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP7) levels in serum via enzyme-linked immunosorbent
assay (ELISA) testing

Study Design:

During the Phase Ia portion, an accelerated titration design, specifically, design 4A (no
within-patient dose escalation) will be used, and will begin at the starting dose of 40
mg/m2/day. This involves an initial accelerated (double-step) dose escalation phase followed
by a standard 3+3 design (single-step) dose escalation phase. In the initial accelerated
phase, cohorts of one new patient will be treated per dose level and double-step dose
escalations will be used. The accelerated phase will end when the first instance of DLT is
observed during any cycle of treatment, or when a second patient experiences a moderate
toxicity (MT) during any cycle. The cohort at the current dose level will be expanded and
the standard 3+3 design phase (single-step) dose escalation will start for all subsequent
cohorts.

In this study, the accelerated phase will end with Dose Level 9 (640 mg/m2/day), unless the
toxicity criteria for terminating the accelerated phase are met earlier.

During the accelerated phase, decisions to escalate, expand, or de-escalate will be made
when all patients at the current dose level have completed one cycle (2 weeks) of PRI-724,
and have received at least 75% of the planned PRI-724 dose, or have experienced a MT or DLT.

During the standard 3+3 phase, decisions to escalate, expand, or de-escalate will be made
when all patients at the current dose level have completed two cycles (4 weeks) of PRI-724
and have received at least 75% of the planned PRI-724 dose, or have experienced DLT.

During the Phase Ib portion, dose escalation in patients with CRC will begin at Level 9 of
the doses evaluated during Phase Ia (640 mg/m2/day). Up to 2 dose levels will be evaluated
(640 and 905mg/m2/day; potential to evaluate a previously unexamined intermediate dose, if
indicated) using a standard 3+3 design (single-step dose escalation). Decisions to escalate,
expand, or de-escalate will be made when all patients at the current dose level have
completed two cycles (4 weeks) of PRI-724 plus mFOLFOX6 (i.e., 2 courses of PRI-724 and 2
courses of mFOLFOX6), and have received at least 75% of the planned PRI-724 dose, or have
experienced a DLT.

In both Phase 1a and Phase 1b, the decision to escalate, expand, or de-escalate a cohort may
be made by the Sponsor and the Investigator(s) in the absence of a defined DLT if it is
determined that a dose level is impractical due to the frequency or nature of toxicities
that do not meet DLT criteria. In such a case when a particular dose is deemed impractical,
the next lower dose cohort may be expanded for further investigation. Once additional safety
data are available, consideration may be given toward identifying the lower dose as the MTD
or recommended Phase 2 dose.

Throughout the study, enrollment will be staggered between the first and second patient in
each new cohort, to allow for one cycle (2 weeks) to elapse prior to enrolling the second
patient into the cohort.

The following toxicities considered by the Investigator to be at least possibly related to
study therapy (or study therapy plus chemotherapy) are defined as DLTs:

Non-Hematological DLTs:

- All Grade 3-4 non-hematologic toxicities that represent a 2 grade increase from
baseline, excluding:

- Untreated or inadequately treated nausea, vomiting and diarrhea

- Alopecia

- Grade 3 fatigue that returns to Grade 2 or lower within 7 days

- Grade 3 laboratory and/or metabolic abnormalities that do not return to Grade 2 or
lower within 72 hours despite treatment

- QTcF > 500 msec OR an increase in QTc by 60 msec from baseline

Hematologic DLTs:

- Grade 4 neutropenia

- Grade 4 thrombocytopenia

- Neutropenic fever

- ≥ Grade 3 anemia unresponsive to supportive care including blood transfusion and/or
erythropoietin therapy

- Grade 3 thrombocytopenia with clinically significant bleeding The DLT observation
period, measured from the start of the infusion on the first day, is 2 weeks for the
accelerated phase in the Phase Ia portion, and 4 weeks for the 3 + 3 phase in both the
Phase Ia and Phase Ib portions of the trial.

Moderate toxicity (MT) is defined as any ≥ Grade 2 toxicity (except alopecia) that is
considered by the Investigator to be at least possibly related to the study therapy and that
does not qualify as a DLT.

During the Phase Ia portion, MTD is defined as the highest dose level tested in which no
patient or only 1 patient experienced a DLT attributable to the study drug(s), when at least
6 patients were treated at that dose and are evaluable for toxicity. The MTD is one dose
level below the maximally administered dose (MAD), which is the lowest dose level tested in
which 2 or more patients experienced a DLT attributable to the study drug(s). In Phase Ia at
least 6 patients will be treated at the MTD.

During the Phase Ib portion, the MTD is defined as the highest dose level tested in which no
patient or only 1 patient experienced a DLT attributable to the study drug(s), when at least
6 patients were treated at that dose and are evaluable for toxicity, or when < 33.3% of
patients experienced a DLT attributable to the study drug(s) when 7 to 12 patients were
treated at that dose and are evaluable for toxicity. (This would allow for up to 2 DLTs when
7 to 9 patients have been enrolled in the expansion cohort or up to 3 DLTs when 10 to 12
patients have been enrolled in the expansion cohort.) The MTD is one dose level below the
MAD which is the lowest dose tested in which> 1 patient in a 3- to 6-patient cohort, or >
33.3% of patients in an expanded 7- to 12-patient cohort, experienced a DLT attributable to
the study drug(s). In Phase Ib at least 12 patients will be treated at the MTD.

There is potential for expansion of a lower dose cohort up to 12 patients if the initially
identified and expanded MTD cohort is found to exceed tolerability.

Inclusion Criteria


Inclusion Criteria

Patients must fulfill all of the following criteria:

1. In the dose-escalation part of the study (Phase Ia), patients mu have histological or
cytological evidence of solid tumor malignancy; in the tumor-specific,
dose-escalation/MTD-expansion part of the study (Phase Ib), patients must have
histological or cytological evidence of colorectal cancer.

2. Patients must have neoplastic disease that is metastatic or unresectable, that has
recurred or progressed following standard therapy, not be candidates for standard
therapy, or have a malignancy for which no standard therapy exists. In Phase
Ib,patients must have colorectal cancer with tumor sites safely accessible for
biopsy, and they must have measurable disease according to the response evaluation
criteria in solid tumors (RECIST 1.1) criteria.

3. In Phase Ib patients must have received and either relapsed from or failed at least
two but no more than three prior regimens of chemotherapy, and be eligible to receive
third- or fourth-line therapy for their malignancy.

4. Patients must agree, as part of the informed consent, to provide blood samples for
molecular correlative studies. In the Phase Ib cohorts, patients must agree to pre-
and post-treatment biopsies of their malignant disease.

5. Patients must be > 18 years of age.

6. Patients must have a Karnofsky Performance Score of 70% - 100%.

7. Patients must have a life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.

8. Patients or their legal representatives must be able to comprehend and provide
written informed consent.

9. Patients must have adequate bone marrow reserve as evidenced by:

- White blood cell (WBC) count> 3,000/µL

- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1,500/µL - Platelet count> 100,000/µL

10. Patients must have adequate renal function as evidenced by a serum creatinine value
less than the upper limit of normal (< ULN) for the reference lab or creatinine
clearance (CrCl) of > 60 mL/min (as calculated by Cockcroft-Gault formula).

11. Patients must have adequate hepatic function as evidenced by a serum bilirubin < 1.5
mg/dL and serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT)
levels < 3X the ULN for the reference lab (< 5X the ULN if there is evidence of
hepatic involvement by malignant disease).

12. Patients must be recovered to Grade 1 from the effects (excluding alopecia) of any
prior therapy for their malignancies. In Phase Ib patients must have no peripheral
sensory neuropathy > Grade 1.

13. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) and male patients with WOCBP partner must be
using an adequate method of contraception to avoid pregnancy throughout the study and
for up to 12 weeks after the last dose of investigational product in such a manner
that the risk of pregnancy is minimized. WOCBP include any female who has experienced
menarche and who has not undergone successful surgical sterilization (hysterectomy,
bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy) or is not postmenopausal.
Postmenopausal is defined as:

- Amenorrhea ≥12 consecutive months without another cause or

- For women with irregular menstrual periods and on hormone replacement therapy
(HRT), a documented serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level> 35 mIU/mL.

Women who are using oral contraceptives, other hormonal contraceptives (vaginal products,
skin patches, or implanted or injectable products), or mechanical products such as an
intrauterine device or barrier methods (diaphragm, condoms, spermicides) to prevent
pregnancy, or are practicing abstinence or where their partner is sterile (e.g.,
vasectomy) should be considered to be of childbearing potential.

WOCBP must have a negative serum pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent
units of human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG]) within 72 hours prior to the start of
investigational product.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients exhibiting any of the following will be excluded from the trial:

1. Infection requiring systemic antibiotics 72 hours prior to the first dose of PRI-724.

2. Known hypersensitivity to any of the components of PRI-724.

3. Women who are pregnant or lactating.

4. Untreated central nervous system (CNS) metastases; patients whose CNS metastases have
been treated by surgery or radiotherapy, who are no longer on corticosteroids, and
who are neurologically stable may be enrolled in the initial dose escalation portion
of the trial (Phase Ia), but not in the Phase Ib portion of the trial.

5. Treatment with any investigational agent within a period of 28 days between the last
dose of the investigational agent and the first dose of PRI-724.

6. QTcF intervals > 470 msec (females) or > 450 msec (males).

7. Active hepatitis B, hepatitis C.

8. New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class 3 or 4; myocardial infarction, acute coronary
syndrome, diabetes mellitus with ketoacidosis or chronic obstructive pulmonary
disease (COPD) requiring hospitalization in the preceding 6 months; or any other
intercurrent medical condition that contra-indicates treatment with PRI-724 or places
the patient at undue risk for treatment-related complications.

9. Any other condition, including mental illness or substance abuse, deemed by the
Investigator to be likely to interfere with a patient's ability to sign informed
consent, cooperate and participate in the study, or interfere with the interpretation
of the results.

10. Patients with a current condition of osteopenia or osteoporosis via a Dual Energy
X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) scan; patients with a history of either are allowed.

11. Patients on any dose of warfarin are excluded.

12. Given the potential interaction between C82, the metabolite of PRI-724, and CYP3A4
inhibitors, treating physicians should exercise caution and switch patients to
equivalent drugs that are not potent CYP3A4 inhibitors when feasible. Medications
which are sensitive substrates of CYP2C9 or CYP3A4 with a narrow therapeutic range
should be used with caution.

13. In Phase 1b, patients with a history of poor FOLFOX tolerability as manifested by
inability to tolerate standard therapeutic doses (i.e., at minimum patients must have
tolerated an oxaliplatin dose of 85 mg/m2 and a 5FU dose of 2400 mg/m2).

Note: Patients are eligible for this trial if, during the previous FOLFOX administration,
they underwent one dose reduction of oxaliplatin due to sensory neuropathy (provided the
neuropathy has now resolved to Grade 1 or less), and/or one dose reduction of 5FU due to
cumulative toxicity.

Type of Study:

Interventional

Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Maximum Therapeutic Dose, as defined by the highest dose identified in which ≤1/3 or ≤2/6 patients do not experience a dose limiting toxicity

Outcome Description:

Maximum Therapeutic Dose (MTD) will be the highest dose in which no dose limiting toxicity (DLT) is seen in a accelerated enrollment cohort (1 patient) and then subsequently a 3-6 patient cohort following a 3+3 study design. MTD may also be determined by evaluation of PK and PD results of patients.

Outcome Time Frame:

Assessed at the completion of each patient enrollment cohort. Each patient monitoring duration is 28 days.

Safety Issue:

Yes

Principal Investigator

Anthony El-Khoueiry, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

USC/Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center

Authority:

United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:

PRI-724-101

NCT ID:

NCT01302405

Start Date:

February 2011

Completion Date:

May 2014

Related Keywords:

  • Advanced Solid Tumors
  • Advanced solid tumor
  • cancer
  • phase 1
  • pancreatic cancer
  • colon cancer
  • unresectable neoplastic disease
  • Progressive cancer
  • metastatic solid tumor
  • Neoplasms

Name

Location

University of Southern California, Norris Comprehensive Cancer CenterLos Angeles, California  90033
Mayo Clinic, Department of OncologyScottsdale, Arizona  85259
Mayo Clinic, Department of OncologyJacksonville, Florida  32224
Mayo Clinic, Department of OncologyRochester, Minnesota  55901