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Assessment of Primary and Metastatic Brain Tumor Hypoxia With 18F-Fluoromisonidazole, [18F]Fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) and [15O]Water (H215O)


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18 Years
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Open (Enrolling)
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Brain Cancer

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Trial Information

Assessment of Primary and Metastatic Brain Tumor Hypoxia With 18F-Fluoromisonidazole, [18F]Fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) and [15O]Water (H215O)


Malignant Brain Tumors (Primary and Metastatic) Despite significant advances in the
understanding of brain tumor biology and genetics as well as improvements in surgical
techniques, radiotherapy administration, and chemotherapy methods, many brain tumors remain
incurable. Many brain tumors are highly infiltrative neoplasms, and are therefore unlikely
to be cured by local treatments such as surgery, focal radiotherapy, radiosurgery or
brachytherapy.

Rationale and Goals of Study The preliminary efficacy of the radiopharmaceutical,
1H-1-(3-[18F]-fluoro-2-hydroxy-propyl)-2-nitro-imidazole [18F]-fluoromisonidazole,
[18F]FMISO, FMISO (fluoromisonidazole), a radiopharmaceutical that directly assess tumor
hypoxia using Positron Emission Tomography(PET) will be assessed.

This preliminary/exploratory clinical study will investigate [F-18]FMISO in 30 evaluable
patients with newly diagnosed primary brain tumor or brain metastasis. We expect that up to
35 -40 total patients may be enrolled in this study. This will assure that 30 evaluable
patients (patients who have complete imaging results and blood metabolism data available for
data analysis). In certain patients the blood metabolism data is not acceptable for final
analysis typically due to difficulty in drawing it rapidly enough due to the vein collapsing
during the rapid sampling required.

When possible we will also correlate FMISO uptake with the typical in-vitro test used to
assess proliferation, Ki-67 (protein) and other experimental assessments of hypoxia. This
correlation will be made whenever possible in those patients where tumor tissue is obtained
as part of standard care.

OBJECTIVES:

Primary Objective of Study - Synopsis The primary objective of this study is to determine
the association of FMISO PET (positron emission tomography) uptake (hypoxic volume [HV]),
highest tumor:blood ratio [T/Bmax]), FDG ([18F]-2 fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose) uptake, and
tumor blood flow/perfusion determined with H2O (water) and MRI and correlate these
variables with overall survival (OS) and time to progression (TTP) in participants with
newly diagnosed primary brain tumors or brain metastases.

The Hypotheses to be Tested

Three exploratory hypotheses will be studied. These include:

1. The first hypothesis to be tested is that increased FMISO PET uptake (hypoxic volume
[HV], highest tumor:blood ratio [T/Bmax]) is correlated with a shorter overall survival
and a shorter time to progression. An exploratory evaluation assessing combinations of
PET imaging variables such as hypoxic volume [HV], highest tumor:blood ratio [T/Bmax],
FDG-SUV, FDG quantitative parameters and blood flow as well as MR (magnetic resonance)
perfusion and blood volume will be assessed to see if they correlate with survival and
time to progression.

2. A second hypothesis to be tested is that FMISO is safe and non toxic in the dose
administered in this study in patients with primary and metastatic brain tumors. This
will be assessed in the first 10 patients enrolled in the study. Even though there have
been numerous published studies using FMISO in humans in several different tumor types
little human safety data has been published. Laboratory tests (except urinalysis) will
be repeated at approximately 24 hours in the first 10 and compared to the screening
values.

3. A third exploratory hypothesis to be tested is that FMISO uptake (hypoxic volume [HV],
highest tumor:blood ratio [T/Bmax]) will correlate with increased FDG uptake and
possibly with reduced blood flow/perfusion as determined with H215O PET imaging and MRI


Inclusion Criteria:



1. Adult patients. The patient must have a newly diagnosed primary malignant brain
tumors (WHO Grade III or IV glial-based tumors) and not have had a complete surgical
resection and by contrast MRI (obtained within 14 days prior to the FMISO study)

2. Patients must be 18 years or older for inclusion in this research study.

3. Patients must document their willingness to be followed until death or time of
progression.

4. All patients must sign a written informed consent and HIPAA authorization in
accordance with institutional guidelines.

5. Female patients who are not postmenopausal or surgically sterile will undergo a serum
pregnancy test prior to the research PET scans.

6. Pre-treatment laboratory tests for patients receiving [18F]FMISO must be performed
within 21 days prior to study entry.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Patients with known allergic or hypersensitivity reactions to previously administered
radiopharmaceuticals.

2. Patients who are pregnant or lactating or who suspect they might be pregnant.

3. Adult patients who require monitored anesthesia for PET scanning.

4. Patients who are too claustrophobic to undergo MRI or PET imaging

5. Patients who cannot undergo MRI imaging due to MRI exclusion criteria

Type of Study:

Observational

Study Design:

Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective

Outcome Measure:

Determination of multi-tracer update times as related to overall survival and time to progression

Outcome Description:

determine the association of FMISO PET uptake (hypoxic volume [HV]), highest tumor:blood ratio [T/Bmax]), FDG uptake, and tumor blood flow/perfusion determined with H215O and MRI and correlate these variables with overall survival (OS) and time to progression (TTP) in participants with newly diagnosed primary brain tumors or brain metastases.

Outcome Time Frame:

estimated 2 years

Safety Issue:

No

Principal Investigator

John M Hoffman, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

University of Utah

Authority:

United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:

HCI44704

NCT ID:

NCT01246869

Start Date:

August 2011

Completion Date:

February 2014

Related Keywords:

  • Brain Cancer
  • brain, cancer,glioblastoma multiforme, meningioma, glioma
  • Brain Neoplasms
  • Anoxia

Name

Location

Huntsman Cancer InstituteSalt Lake City, Utah  84112