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A Single Arm, Open-label Multicenter Phase II Trial of Everolimus in Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Germ Cell Cancer

Phase 2
18 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Testicular Cancer, Germ Cell Cancer

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Trial Information

A Single Arm, Open-label Multicenter Phase II Trial of Everolimus in Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Germ Cell Cancer


Patients with metastatic germ cell cancer and relapse after two or more courses of
cisplatin-based chemotherapy or after high-dose chemotherapy have a poor prognosis and few
treatment options. Everolimus is a derivative of rapamycin and acts as a signal transduction
inhibitor. Its target is mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin), a key protein kinase
regulating cell growth, proliferation and survival. The mTOR pathway activity is modulated
by the PI3K1AKT pathway and is known to be deregulated in numerous human cancers, including
germ cell tumors. Everolimus is being investigated as an anticancer agent based on its
potential to act:

- Directly on tumor cells by inhibiting tumor cell growth and proliferation

- Indirectly by inhibiting angiogenesis leading to reduced tumor vascularity

Study design

An open-label, single arm, non-randomized, single stage phase II study. Screening phase:
Baseline evaluations will be performed within 2 weeks before the first dose of study drug.
Treatment phase: All patients will receive everolimus until disease progression (by RECIST
or tumor markers) or unacceptable toxicity or study discontinuation for other reasons. A
treatment cycle consists of 3 weeks. Dose reductions and dose interruptions (for up to 2
weeks) are allowed for intolerable toxicity. Follow-up phase: All patients will be followed
for survival.

Visit schedule

Tumor Response and progression will be assessed using the RECIST criteria and assessments
with tumor markers. Tumor measurements by a CT scan or MRI will be performed at screening
within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug. During the study period, the CT
scan/MRI will be performed every 6 weeks (± one week), and at the time of discontinuation of
study drug (within 2 weeks). The same type of scan (CT or MRI) used at screening must be
used for all subsequent follow-up assessments. A partial or a complete response warrants a
confirmation no sooner than 4 weeks and no later than 6 weeks after its observation.

Tumor markers (AFP, HCG) will be assessed every 3 weeks. A tumor marker reduction > 90%
without an increase in tumor size is considered a partial response. A tumor marker increase
> 25% without an increase in tumor size is considered progressive disease when confirmed 3
weeks after its observation.

Translational research

The following retrospective pathological examinations of tumor samples will be performed in
those patients that gave additional informed consent:

- immunohistochemistry for the mismatch repair genes hMLH1, hMSH2, hMSH6, and PMS2, and
the cell signalling effectors pMAPK, pAKT, pS6K and PTEN.

- mutation analysis for PTEN, BRAF, p53, and examination of microsatellite instability
This information will be correlated with treatment response (CR, PR, SO or PD) at week
12 in an exploratory analysis.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Male patients >= 18 years old.

- Patients with histologically proven seminomatous or non-seminomatous germ cell cancer

- Disease progression during cisplatin-based chemotherapy or

- Disease progression or relapse after high-dose chemotherapy or

- Disease progression or relapse after at least 2 different cisplatin-based regimens
and contraindications for high-dose chemotherapy.

- Patients must have received prior combination chemotherapy with gemcitabine,
oxaliplatin and paclitaxel (GOP). Prior treatment with a combination of two of these
drugs is allowed in case of contraindications for GOP.

- Disease progression at study entry: progressive disease according to RECIST criteria
in baseline examinations or tumor marker increase > 25% within 4 weeks before study

- ECOG performance status <= 2.

- Life expectancy >= 3 months.

- Adequate bone marrow function: absolute neutrophil count >= 1.5 x 109/1, platelets >=
75 x 109/1, hemoglobin >= 9 g/dl.

- Adequate liver function: serum bilirubin: <= 1.5x ULN, ALT and AST <= 2.5x ULN. For
patients with known liver metastases: AST and ALT <= 5x ULN.

- Adequate renal function: serum creatinine <= 2.0x ULN.

- Patients must be surgically sterile or must agree to use effective contraception
during study treatment.

- Signed written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Systemic antitumor treatment within 21 days before study entry.

- Simultaneous radiotherapy of the only target lesion(s).

- Patients who have undergone major surgery within 4 weeks prior to starting study drug
(e.g. intra-thoracic, intra-abdominal, or intra-pelvic) or significant traumatic
injury, or who have not recovered from the side effects of any of the above

- Patients who have previously received mTOR inhibitors (sirolimus, temsirolimus,

- Patients receiving chronic systemic treatment with corticosteroids (dose of >= 20
mg/day methylprednisone equivalent) or another immunosuppressive agent.

- Patients with unstable angina pectoris, myocardial infarction <= 6 months prior to
first study treatment, congestive heart failure NYHA III-IV or serious uncontrolled
cardiac arrhythmias.

- Patients with severely impaired lung function: spirometry or DLCO < 50% of the normal
predicted value.

- Uncontrolled diabetes: fasting serum glucose > 2.0x ULN.

- Patients with an active or uncontrolled infection, incl. chronic Hepatitis B or C

- Patients who have a history of another primary malignancy and are off treatment for
<= 3 years, with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancer.

- Patients who have participated in another clinical trial within 30 days before study

- Other serious medical conditions that could impair the ability of the patient to
participate in the study.

- Patients unwilling or unable to comply with the protocol.

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Progression-free rate at 12 weeks

Outcome Description:

Percentage of patients that have not progressed after 12 weeks of treatment.

Outcome Time Frame:

12 weeks

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Martin H Fenner, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Hannover Medical School


Germany: Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices

Study ID:




Start Date:

November 2010

Completion Date:

May 2013

Related Keywords:

  • Testicular Cancer
  • Germ Cell Cancer
  • Testicular Neoplasms
  • Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal