A Pilot Study of F-18 Sodium Fluoride PET/CT for Metastatic Burden Qualification in Prostate Cancer
- Evaluating response to therapy in prostate cancer is limited by the inability to
quantify bony metastatic disease
- F-18 sodium fluoride (NaF) is a PET radiopharmaceutical which localizes in regions of
bony turnover, and was the 1st bone scan agents (prior to Tc-99m MDP availability)
- Today's high sensitivity PET cameras can image the distribution of F-18 NaF as a whole
body volume and permit quantification of uptake over time. The addition of
co-registered CT increases the diagnostic accuracy for detection of metastatic disease
-To evaluate the feasibility of using NaF PET/CT to quantitatively measure the extent of
bony metastatic disease in patients with prostate cancer in patients
- To determine the intra-patient reproducibility of F-18 NaF PET/CT
- To explore the relationship between the biodistribution changes in F-18 NaF PET/CT
parameters and the clinical response
- Participant must have pathology proven adenocarcinoma of the prostate.
- Participant must have
- a history of PSA > 10ng/mL or a history of PSA doubling time of less than or equal
to 6 months, and no known bone metastatic involvement on standard of care imaging
(Tc-99m MDP bone scan, CT etc).
--any PSA level and known bone metastatic disease on standard of care imaging (Tc-99m MDP
bone scan, CT etc.)
- Participant must be 18 years or older and have ECOG Performance grade of 0 to 2
- Ability to provide informed consent. All subjects must sign a document of informed
consent indicating their understanding of the investigational nature and risks of the
study before any protocol related studies are performed.
This is a pilot, 2-arm, open label study of patients with prostate cancer. One arm will
accrue patients with known bone metastases and the second will accrue patient at risk of
developing bone metastases (30 patients per group; total enrollment 60 patients). As it is
possible that there will be different rates of bone lesion detection dependent on hormone
responsiveness of the tumors, further stratification (castrate sensitive vs. castrate
resistant tumor) may be performed to evaluate for predominant trends. All participants will
undergo a static F-18 NaF imaging session at baseline, at 4-8 months, and at 10-14 months
following enrollment (3 sessions over 1-year). Half of the participants (15 in each group)
will undergo two baseline F-18 NaF PET/CT imaging sessions (within 14-days of each other) in
order to evaluate the reproducibility of F-18 NaF PET imaging for a total of 4 sessions over
a 1-year period. The change in bone uptake of F-18 NaF will be measured, reproducibility
determined, and preliminary comparisons with clinical response will be made.
Time Perspective: Prospective
Karen A Kurdziel, M.D.
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
United States: Federal Government
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