Impact of First Autologous Transplant on Minimal Residual Disease Markers in Previously Untreated Myeloma Undergoing Initial Treatment With Velcade Based Therapy
Confirmed Multiple Myeloma as defined below within 120 days of starting cycle 1:
- Bone marrow plasmacytosis with ≥ 10% plasma cells or sheets of plasma cells or biopsy
- Presence of M protein in serum or urine or both. Conventional M spike, serum free
light chains, or 24 hour urine study. Non‐secretory myeloma is not eligible for this
- In addition patient must have one of the following organ dysfunction criteria
- Renal insufficiency
- Bone disease manifested by lytic lesion or osteoporosis (if osteoporosis is the only
organ dysfunction criteria then BM should have ≥ 30% plasma cells)
- Confirmed Multiple myeloma as defined above within 90 days of starting cycle 1
- The following study assessments must be fulfilled and must be obtained with four
weeks of starting cycle 1
- Hemoglobin > 7 g/dL, Platelet count > 75 X 10 to 9th power/L, and Absolute neutrophil
count > 1 X 10 to 9th power/L
- Creatinine <2.5 mg/dL or calculated creatinine clearance > 30 ml/min/1.72 m2
- Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL X ULN
- SGPT (ALT) and SGOT (AST) ≤ 2.5 times the upper limit of normal
- Ejection fraction ≥ 45% as measured by a MUGA scan or 2 D echocardiogram
- Pulmonary function tests show >60% predicted values for FVC, FEV1, and DLCO FEV1 must
be > 1 liter.
- No prior systemic therapy with the exception of bisphosphonates for MM
- Prior glucocorticoid therapy for the treatment of multiple myeloma is not permitted
EXCEPT if used in conjunction with palliative radiation to prevent vasogenic edema.
In that case steroids should have been used for less than 7 days. Prior steroid use
for non‐malignant disorders is permitted and should have been restricted to less than
the equivalent of prednisone 10 mg per day. Prior or concurrent topical or localized
steroid therapy to treat non‐malignant disorders is permitted
- Prior palliative and/ or localized radiation therapy is permitted provided at least 4
weeks have passed from date of last radiation therapy to starting cycle 1.
- Patients with prior solitary plasmacytoma treated with radiation therapy with
curative intent are eligible if the disease has now progressed to active multiple
myeloma and meeting all eligibility criteria for the protocol
- ECOG PS 0, 1 or 2
- For women of childbearing potential a negative serum pregnancy test is required
within 4 weeks of starting cycle 1 and then every 4 weeks during the first 4 cycles
of induction therapy
- Women of child bearing potential must be willing to refrain from sexual intercourse
or willing to employ a dual method of contraception, one of which is highly effective
(IUD, birth control pills, tubal ligation or partner's vasectomy) and another
additional method (condom, diaphragm, or cervical cap) during the entire course of
the study (start of therapy until 30 days after stem cell transplant).
- Sexually active males should be willing to use a condom (even if they have had a
prior vasectomy) while having intercourse with any women during the course of the
study (start of therapy until 30 days after stem cell transplant).
- Voluntary written informed consent before performance of any study‐related procedure
not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn
by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical care.
- Patients with smoldering myeloma or monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance are
- Age > 70 years or < 18 years is not eligible
- Patient has > 1.5 × ULN Total Bilirubin
- Grade 2 or higher peripheral neuropathy due to ANY cause
- High index of suspicion of primary amyloid light chain (AL) amyloidosis.
- Patients with uncontrolled inter-current illness including uncontrolled hypertension,
symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina, uncontrolled cardiac
arrhythmia, uncontrolled psychiatric illness or social situation that would limit
compliance or a prior history of Steven Johnson syndrome
- Patients must not have a history of current or previous deep vein thrombosis or
pulmonary embolism regardless of whether or not the patient is receiving
- Female patients who are breastfeeding or pregnant.
- Patients known to be HIV positive
- Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment or has New York Heart
Association (NYHA) Class III or IV heart failure (see section 31.3), uncontrolled
angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence
of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities. Prior to study entry,
any ECG abnormality at Screening has to be documented by the investigator as not
- Patient has hypersensitivity to VELCADE, boron or mannitol.
- Patient has received other investigational drugs within 14 days before enrollment
- Serious medical or psychiatric illness likely to interfere with participation in this