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Prospective Pilot Study of Bone Marrow and Peripheral Blood Samples From Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Patients to Characterize the Biologic Heterogeneity of the Disease Using Single Cell Network Profiling (SCNP)

18 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Acute Myeloid Leukemia

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Trial Information

Prospective Pilot Study of Bone Marrow and Peripheral Blood Samples From Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Patients to Characterize the Biologic Heterogeneity of the Disease Using Single Cell Network Profiling (SCNP)

The proposed study will be an open-label prospective investigation using fresh bone marrow
and paired peripheral blood samples obtained from patients with AML starting at the time of
diagnosis and including samplings at times of response assessment (CR and NR) continuing
through relapse for responders and for other subsequent treatments including salvage therapy
after resistance/relapse. Approximately 100 AML patients are expected to be enrolled. There
is no extra marrow and blood sampling taken from patients who enroll into this study because
we only study their marrow and blood when they undergo such sampling for routine medical
needs. The SCNP results will not be used to guide or adjust current, or future, treatment
for patients enrolled in this study and they will not be contacted regarding the study

Fresh whole bone marrow (5-10ml) and paired peripheral blood (5-10ml) will be collected from
AML patients at participating institutions when these patients need marrow/blood tests prior
to initiation of therapy, post each induction, post consolidation, at relapse and/or
refractory, which is according to their standard care. When marrow cannot be obtained it is
acceptable to collect only peripheral blood from the patient. Patient's demographic
information, diagnosis, treatment option, outcome will be de-identified by the study PI.
Samples must be collected in a standard 10 ml green top heparinized vacutainer labeled with
sample de-identified ID, time, and date of collection. Samples will then be shipped to
Nodality Inc. via FedEx in ambient temperature shipping kits on the same day. Nodality Inc.
personnel will process the sample for study within 36 hours from collection. Leukemic blast
SCNP will be conducted under the supervision of the researchers at Nodality Inc. and at
facilities owned by Nodality Inc. Samples will be fractionated into bone marrow mononuclear
cells (BMMC) or peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and then aliquoted. All but one
of these fractionated aliquots will be cryopreserved. The fresh, fractionated aliquot will
be incubated with cytokines (e.g. interleukins, Flt3L), growth factors (e.g. SCF, GM-CSF
and G-CSF), chemotherapeutic agents (e.g. cytarabine, ara- C, etoposide), and other
modulators. Cells will then be fixed, permeabilized, and stained with antibodies that
recognize extracellular markers (i.e. surface phenotypic markers such as clusters of
differentiation, drug transporters, and receptors) in conjunction with intracellular
activation-state specific epitopes (readouts) of designated signaling molecules.
Subsequently, cells will be processed by multiparametric flow cytometry for SCNP. Blast
populations will be defined by using combination of surface markers (CD33, CD34, CD38, CD45,
CD11b) and approximately 30 different signaling nodes (paired modulator/readout e.g. Flt3L →
phospho-Erk), depending on sample cell number (ideally 5-6 million; minimum 3 million).
Signaling readouts will be evaluated in the total blast population, as well as within
individual subpopulations, defined by CD33, CD34, CD 38, CD45, CD11b, and Side Scatter
(SSC). Signaling readouts will be analyzed for each signaling node (univariate analysis) as
well as a combination of nodes when the data set allows for multivariate analyses. In the
"bridging" assay, cell surface markers and signaling readouts will be compared between fresh
and cryopreserved AML samples including BMMC and PBMC when available in addition to BM

Inclusion Criteria:

- Newly diagnosed, relapsed, or refractory (post induction therapy) AML patients age >

- For relapsed AML patients, previous treatment regimens received do not limit their
eligibility to this study

- Patients enrolled will have no limitation as to the type of treatment they receive
for their disease.

- Patient is able to give consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- AML-M3 patients

- AML patients age < 18

- AML patients in clinical remission

- AML patients who will not be able to receive diagnostic blood and marrow work up for
any reason

- Patients who received allogeneic stem cell transplantation or autologous stem cell

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Time Perspective: Prospective

Outcome Measure:

To characterize the biologic phenotypes of leukemic blast cells in bone marrow and peripheral blood samples collected from AML patients during the natural history of the disease.

Outcome Time Frame:

3 years

Safety Issue:



United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:

WVU 1910



Start Date:

September 2010

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • acute myeloid leukemia
  • single cell network profiling
  • AML
  • SCNP
  • Leukemia
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
  • Leukemia, Myeloid



MBRCC, West Virginia University Morgantown, West Virginia  26506