Phase II Study of Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) After First-Line Chemotherapy for Metastatic NSCLC
- Patients with AJCC sixth edition metastatic non-small cell lung carcinoma
- Pathologic diagnosis of stage 4 non-small cell lung cancer prior to enrollment.
- Patients must have response or stable disease by RECIST criteria after 4 cycles of
- Maximum of number of lesions per patient will be 5 total. .
- Patients with solitary brain metastases previously treated with surgery or
stereotactic radiosurgery (+/- WBRT) and currently controlled at the time of study
enrollment are also eligible. Patients with history of brain metastases must have an
MRI showing no active brain metastases within 80 days of study enrollment. Patients
with a history of brain metastases may have up to 5 extracranial sites of disease
except for those with an untreated primary tumor where section 184.108.40.206 will also
- Patients with newly diagnosed stage IV NSCLC with an untreated primary must no more
than 3 active extracranial metastatic lesions other than the primary site and
regional lymph nodes.
- Age ≥ 18 years old
- Performance Status 0-2 (ECOG)
- A signed study specific consent form is required.
Lung (only applies to patients with active lung lesions)
- Patients cannot have more than 3 lung lesions
- Local failure after surgical resection will be consider a metastatic lesion for
purposes of protocol inclusion.
- All lung lesions must be visible on CT imaging
- Cumulative diameter of lung lesions must be <7cm
- Patients may have active mediastinal disease in a single mediastinal nodal station if
he/she has not received prior mediastinal RT
- Must meet criteria regarding status of primary tumor site described in section 3.1.9.
- Must be able to anticipate achieving SBRT dosimetry guidelines
- Must have adequate lung function defined within 90 days of enrollment as: (1) Forced
Expiratory Volume in 1 second (FEV1) >30% of predicted or >800 Ml, (2) diffusing
capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) >30 % predicted and (3) no evidence
of actively worsening respiratory status
Liver (only applies to patients with active liver lesions
- Patients cannot have more than 3 liver lesions
- All active liver lesions must be discrete on CT or MRI imaging
- Combined diameter of all liver lesions must be <6cm
- Must be able to anticipate achieving SBRT plan per dosimetry guidelines for the
- Liver function tests (AST, ALT, total bilirubin) should be within ≤ 3 times the upper
limit of normal (ULN)
- Serum Albumin must be >2.5g/dL
- Patients cannot have active ascites.
- Unilateral adrenal disease
- Must be able to anticipate achieving the SBRT plan per dosimetry guidelines.
- Treatment of any bone lesion is permissible if it is anticipated that the dosimetry
guidelines can be met.
Spine and Paraspinal lesions
- Patients cannot have more than 3 vertebrae or paraspinal sites involved (each
involved vertebral body or paraspinal site is scored as 1 site of disease)
- Must be no clinical or radiographic evidence of spinal cord compression
- If spinal metastases is within previously irradiated field, there must be a 6 month
interval between prior radiation course and study enrollment
- Prior spinal cord maximum dose at level of vertebral disease must be ≤50Gy
- Primary tumor progression on first-line chemotherapy
- Patients with complete response to first-line chemotherapy with no measurable target
- >5 metastatic lesions or >3 metastatic lesions in patients with an untreated primary
site are ineligible (ipsilateral hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes are considered
part of an untreated primary site and are not counted as metastatic lesions)
- Solitary brain metastases and an untreated node positive primary tumor, without other
extracranial metastases amenable to SBRT are ineligible
- Retreatment of previously irradiated tumor will be excluded per 220.127.116.11 above.
- Mediastinal lymph nodes involving multiple mediastinal nodal stations or N3 disease
- Pleural effusion known to be malignant or visible of chest xray.
- Untreated brain metastases
- Bilateral adrenal metastases
- Metastases in other sites not considered amenable to SBRT
- Patients with liver metastases cannot have received prior upper abdominal radiation
- Prior radiation to spine (most commonly in treatment of primary lung cancer), cannot
have received >50Gy to the spinal cord at the level of current vertebral metastases
- Clinical or radiographic evidence of spinal cord compression are ineligible
- Patients with serious, uncontrolled, concurrent infection(s).
- Weight loss (>10% of body weight) in the prior 3 months.
- Pregnant or lactating women