A Pilot Study of F-18 Paclitaxel (FPAC) PET for Evaluating Drug Delivery of Solid Tumors in Breast, Lung, Renal, and Adrenal Cancers
- Paclitaxel is a commonly used chemotherapeutic to which tumors can become resistant by
failing to accumulate sufficient concentrations of the agent to be lethal to the cell.
- A noninvasive imaging test could determine the uptake of paclitaxel by tumors
- The ability to non-invasively predict chemotherapeutic uptake in solid tumors could
help select patients likely to respond to treatment, estimate drug concentration within
the tumor and possibly aid in the development improved of drug delivery systems and
drug resistance evasion strategies.
- The PET department at the NIH developed an efficient procedure for fluorination of
paclitaxel to [18F]-labeled paclitaxel (FPAC) and studied its biodistribution in rats
- Initial preclinical data shows the biodistribution of FPAC to be similar to that of
paclitaxel. It is proposed that the uptake kinetics of FPAC in vivo using PET imaging
will be representative of the uptake kinetics of paclitaxel
- First in human studies were performed by the PI (Kurdziel, KA) while at Virginia
Commonwealth University, Richmond VA in three normal volunteers and three breast cancer
patients with no adverse events. Human dosimetry estimates were obtained.
- PET/CT imaging with FPAC should permit quantitation of solid tumor uptake of the agent,
which in turn should parallel paclitaxel solid tumor kinetics.
- The physiological distribution of the agent limits its use below the diaphragm. Thus,
lung and breast cancers, which tend to be sensitive to taxanes, are the target tumors
in this study. Adrenal and renal tumors, which tend to be insensitive to taxanes are
being included as negative-control tumors.
- Determine if the FPAC uptake in tumors is different than the uptake in normal
- Determine safety of FPAC administration
- Subjects must be 18 years or older for inclusion in this study
- Subjects must have histologically proven breast, adrenal, renal or lung cancer with a
lesion outside of the abdomen and pelvis greater than or equal to 1cm
- Subjects may not receive any other investigational agents 24 hours before or following
- Subjects must have an ECOG performance status less than or equal to 2 (Karnofsky
greater than or equal to 60%)
- Subjects must NOT be pregnant
- When applicable, a documented history of prior chemotherapy and radiation therapy and
responses to those treatments must be available.
In this protocol, we plan to stratify enrollment into 2 groups, enrolling 15 subjects in
subjects with tumor type historically sensitive to paclitaxel therapy (lung and breast
cancers) and subjects with tumor generally not responsive to paclitaxel therapy (adrenal and
renal). Subjects will undergo regional dynamic FPAC PET/CT followed by static whole body
imaging. All participants will undergo FDG PET/CT (outside studies permitted if submitted in
DICOM format) Follow-up FDG PET/CT may be performed. (following at least 1 cycle of
therapy), if applicable. If the target lesion is surgically resected, the post-treatment
scan will not be performed. Subject is then expected to progress to standard or
investigational therapeutic intervention (not defined by this protocol). Data regarding
clinical and or imaging response to therapy will be collected if available. If a previous
biopsy specimen is available, IHC for known drug transporters will also be performed.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Determine if the FPAC uptake in tumors is different than the uptake in normal background tissues; Determine safety of FPAC administration
Karen A Kurdziel, M.D.
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
United States: Federal Government
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