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Phase II Trial of Erlotinib, a Small Molecule Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor of EGFR, Prior to Surgery or Radiation in Patients With Aggressive Squamous Cell Cancers (SCC) of the Skin


Phase 2
18 Years
N/A
Open (Enrolling)
Both
Skin Cancer

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Trial Information

Phase II Trial of Erlotinib, a Small Molecule Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor of EGFR, Prior to Surgery or Radiation in Patients With Aggressive Squamous Cell Cancers (SCC) of the Skin


Erlotinib is designed to block the activity of a protein found on the surface of many tumor
cells that may control tumor growth and survival. This may stop tumors from growing.

Study Treatment/Study Drug Administration:

If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will take erlotinib before
surgery and/or radiation therapy (Induction Treatment). After surgery and/or radiation you
will take erlotinib for up to 1 year (Maintenance Phase).

Induction Treatment:

You will take erlotinib 1 time every day, by mouth, with a full glass of water.

You will take erlotinib at about the same time every day. If you miss a dose and there is
at least 12 hours before the next dose is due, you will need to take the missed dose. You
should then take your next dose as scheduled. If you vomit after taking the tablet, the dose
should be replaced only if the tablet can actually be seen. Erlotinib should be taken 1 hour
before and 2 hours after meals and other drugs.

If you have side effects from erlotinib, the study doctor may lower your dose.

When you stop taking erlotinib during induction will depend on if the disease gets worse, if
the doctor thinks you are benefitting, and if you will receive surgery and/or radiation.

You will take erlotinib for up to 10 weeks before starting local therapy. If the doctor
thinks you are benefitting, you may take erlotinib for longer than 10 weeks before starting
surgery and/or radiation. If the disease gets worse before 10 weeks, you will stop taking
erlotinib and have surgery and/or radiation right away.

Surgery/Radiation:

During Week 4, the doctor will decide if the disease is resectable or unresectable and will
schedule the type of local therapy (surgery and/or radiation) that you will receive. If You
will sign separate consents for the surgery and/or radiation, which will describe the
procedure(s) and the risks in detail.

Resectable Disease:

If the disease is resectable, you will be scheduled to have surgery. If the doctor thinks it
is needed, you may have radiation therapy after the surgery. Radiation therapy usually will
start 4-8 weeks following your surgery, if the surgical site has healed.

You will take erlotinib until 7 days before your surgery.

Unresectable Disease:

If the disease is unresectable, you will be scheduled to have radiation therapy.

You will take erlotinib until you begin the radiation therapy. If your doctor thinks you are
benefiting from erlotinib, you will continue taking it during the radiation therapy.

After you complete your radiation therapy, if the doctor thinks it is needed, you will have
surgery.

Maintenance Treatment:

You will restart erlotinib at 4-8 weeks after surgery, if the surgical site has healed. If
you have radiation therapy after the surgery, you will take erlotinib during the radiation
treatment.

If you only received radiation therapy, you will continue erlotinib after you finish your
radiation therapy.

You will take erlotinib by mouth every day for up to 1 year.

Study Visits:

Induction Therapy:

On Day 1 before Induction Therapy and then every 2 weeks:

- You will be asked be asked about any side effects you may have had and any drugs you
may be taking.

- You will have a physical exam, including measurement of your vital signs and weight.

- You will be asked about your smoking status.

- Your performance status will be recorded.

- Blood (about 2-3 teaspoons) will be drawn for routine tests.

- The tumor will be measured by physical exam using rulers and/or calipers.

- Pictures will be taken of the same areas that were photographed during screening.

- If you are taking anti-coagulant medication, blood (about 1-2 teaspoons) will be drawn
to check your blood clotting function.

- If your doctor thinks it is needed, you will have an ECG.

After Week 4, you will have a CT scan or MRI scan to check the status of the disease. If
you continue taking erlotinib for at least 4 more weeks (a total of 8 weeks) before surgery
or radiation is started, the CT or MRI will be repeated then.

After Week 4 and within 14 days before you start maintenance therapy, you will complete
questionnaires about how you are feeling and your overall quality of life. The
questionnaires will take about 10-15 minutes total to complete.

Maintenance Therapy:

On Day 1 before Maintenance Therapy and then every 8 weeks:

- You will be asked about any side effects you have had and any drugs you may be taking.

- You will have a physical exam, including measurement of your vital signs and weight.

- You will be asked about your smoking status.

- Your performance status will be recorded.

- The tumor will be measured.

- Pictures will be taken of the same areas that were photographed during screening.

- If the doctor thinks it is needed, you will have a CT scan or MRI scan to check the
status of the disease.

- If your doctor thinks it is needed, you will have an ECG

- Blood (about 2-3 teaspoons) will be drawn for routine tests, including tests to check
your blood clotting function (Day 1 only).

- If you are taking anti-coagulant medication, blood (about 2-3 teaspoons) will be drawn
to check for blood clotting function (every 8 weeks only).

After Weeks 24 and 52, you will complete the questionnaires about how you are feeling and
your overall quality of life.

If you only received radiation therapy, you will have a CT scan or MRI scan 3 months after
the radiation therapy.

Length of Study:

You will take the study drug for up to 1 year after the surgery/radiation. You will be
taken off study if the disease gets worse, if you have intolerable side effects, or if the
doctor thinks it is in your best interest to stop.

End-of-Treatment Visit:

About 30 days after the last dose of study drug, the following tests and procedures will be
performed:

- You will be asked about any side effects you may have had and about any drugs you may
be taking.

- You will have a physical exam, including measurement of your vital signs.

- Your performance status will be recorded.

- Blood (about 2-3 teaspoons) will be drawn for routine tests.

- If the doctor thinks it is needed, you will have a CT scan or MRI to check the status
of the disease.

Long-Term Follow-Up:

After the end-of-treatment visit, you will be contacted every 3 months during Year 1 and
every 6 months during Years 2 and 3 to collect information about how you are doing, any
treatment you have received, and any other side effects you have experienced. You (or your
family members or designees) may be contacted by telephone, in writing, by e-mail, or during
clinic visits. This information may also be collected by checking your medical record.
This follow-up will also consist of a physical exam if you are being seen at MD Anderson for
your follow-up.

This is an investigational study. Erlotinib is FDA approved and commercially available for
the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer. It is investigational to give erlotinib before
and after radiation and/or surgery for the treatment of aggressive cutaneous squamous cell
carcinoma.

Up to 40 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at MD Anderson Cancer
Center (MDACC).


Inclusion Criteria:



1. Within 12 weeks prior to study entry, patient must have histologically or
cytologically confirmed cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) that is either
locally advanced or recurrent, and no evidence of distant metastases. If the biopsy
was collected outside of MDACC, the MDACC Pathology Department must assess and
confirm the SCC diagnosis.

2. Patient is eligible with previous surgical intervention if they have residual or
recurrent disease, it is greater than 6 weeks since surgery and they have fully
recovered from the surgery.

3. Patient must have measurable disease.

4. Tumor must be at least 2 centimeters in size as measured by the treating physician(s)
or principal investigator (PI), or have histological or cytological verification of
muscle, bone, lymph node metastasis, or perineural involvement,.

5. Surgical resection or radiation must be planned as part of the treatment strategy for
the CSCC.

6. At least 18 years of age.

7. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2.

8. Must have adequate organ and marrow function as follows:(a) leukocytes >/= 3,000/mm^3
(b) absolute neutrophil count >/= 1,500/mm^3 (c) platelets >/= 75,000/mm^3 (d)
hemoglobin >/= 8g/dL (e) total bilirubin (ULN) (f) aspartate aminotransferase (AST or SGOT)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT or
SGPT ULN if transaminases are normal (g) Creatinine >/= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2

9. Must be able to take intact tablets by mouth, or be able to take tablets dissolved in
water by mouth or by a percutaneous gastrostomy tube.

10. Patients - both males and females - with reproductive potential (includes women who
are menopausal for less than 1 year and not surgically sterilized) must practice
effective contraceptive measures throughout the study. Birth control should continue
for 4 weeks after discontinuation of erlotinib therapy. Women of childbearing
potential must provide a negative pregnancy test (serum betaHCG) within within 72
hours prior to first receiving protocol therapy.

11. Must have ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written Informed
Consent Document (ICD). In the event that non-English speaking participants are
eligible for this study, a short form (if applicable) or an ICD in their language
will be utilized and completed in accordance with the MDACC "Policy For Consenting
Non-English Speaking Participants."

12. Must be willing to receive their definitive local therapy, that is surgery and / or
radiation therapy, at M. D. Anderson Cancer Center.

13. Organ transplant patients are eligible as long as they do not have active signs of
rejection and have adequate bone marrow function.

Exclusion:

1. Women who are pregnant, breastfeeding, or have child-bearing potential & are
unwilling/unable to use an acceptable method of contraception for the entire study
period & for at least 4 weeks after cessation of the study drugs. If the pregnancy
test is positive, the patient must not receive erlotinib, & must not be enrolled on
the study. Erlotinib is a signal transduction inhibitor agent w/ the potential for
teratogenic or abortifacient effects.

2. -continued from Exclusion #1- If the pregnancy test is positive, the patient must not
receive erlotinib, and must not be enrolled on the study. Erlotinib is a signal
transduction inhibitor agent with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient
effects. There is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants
secondary to treatment of the mother with erlotinib, breastfeeding should be
discontinued if the mother is treated with erlotinib.

3. Patient with distant metastatic disease.

4. Patient who has had previous radiotherapy to the site of the skin cancer being
treated on this protocol.

5. Patient currently receiving any other anticancer or investigational agents at time of
study enrollment.

6. Patient has received prior EGFR inhibitor therapy.

7. Patient with a history of an invasive malignancy (other than the one treated in this
study) or lymphoproliferative disorder within the past 5 years. Patients with a
history of adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, ductal carcinoma in situ of
the breast or carcinoma in situ of the cervix are allowed.

8. Patient with history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar
chemical or biologic composition to erlotinib.

9. Patient is unwilling or unable to discontinue prohibited concomitant therapies.

10. In the opinion of the investigator, patient with any condition that is unstable or
could jeopardize the safety of the patient or could limit compliance with the study's
requirements. These include, but are not limited to, ongoing or active infection
requiring parenteral antibiotics at time of study registration, psychiatric illness
that would limit compliance with study requirements or symptomatic congestive heart
failure (NYHA class II or greater), unstable angina pectoris or cardiac arrhythmia
requiring maintenance medication.

11. Patient with a history of pulmonary fibrosis (other than in a radiated field) or
chronic liver disease.

12. Patients with active gastrointestinal disease or a disorder that alters
gastrointestinal motility or absorption; for example, a significant surgical
resection of the stomach or small bowel, uncontrolled inflammatory bowel disease or
uncontrolled chronic diarrhea.

Type of Study:

Interventional

Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Overall response

Outcome Description:

Number of participants with responses using Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria for CR = complete response, PR = partial response, SD = stable disease, PD = progressive disease, and NE = inevaluable.

Outcome Time Frame:

4 weeks

Safety Issue:

Yes

Principal Investigator

Kathryn A. Gold, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

UT MD Anderson Cancer Center

Authority:

United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:

2009-0723

NCT ID:

NCT01059305

Start Date:

February 2011

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Skin Cancer
  • Erlotinib
  • Erlotinib Hydrochloride
  • OSI-774
  • Tarceva
  • Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
  • Aggressive cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma
  • CSCC
  • Local surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Epidermal growth factor receptor
  • EGFR
  • Small Molecule Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor
  • Skin Neoplasms
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
  • Neoplasms, Squamous Cell

Name

Location

UT MD Anderson Cancer CenterHouston, Texas  77030