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Phase 1 Study to Assess Tolerability, PK and PD Activity of ON 01910.Na Administered Orally as Escalating Single and Multiple Doses Twice a Day up to 14 Days of a 21-Day Cycle in Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndrome


Phase 1
18 Years
N/A
Open (Enrolling)
Both
Myelodysplastic Syndrome

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Trial Information

Phase 1 Study to Assess Tolerability, PK and PD Activity of ON 01910.Na Administered Orally as Escalating Single and Multiple Doses Twice a Day up to 14 Days of a 21-Day Cycle in Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndrome


This is a three-part phase 1 study in which nineteen to one hundred two patients with Low,
Intermediate-1, Intermediate-2, or High risk MDS will receive oral doses of ON 01910.Na
Concentrate as escalating single or multiple doses (70mg to 700 mg bid) up to 14 days of a
21-day cycle.

Part I: Bioavailability and Tolerability of Single Oral Dosing (n=3):

In Part I of this trial the bioavailability and tolerability of oral ON1910.Na administered
as single, oral, escalating doses in a fasting state (defined as no less than 30 minutes
before next meal) will be determined in three patients with Low, Intermediate-1,
Intermediate-2 or High Risk MDS. All three patients will receive during the first week a
70mg single oral dose and blood samples for pharmacokinetic analyses will be taken after
dosing. In the absence of drug-related grade 2 toxicity or higher, single dosing will be
escalated in each patient weekly to 140mg (week 2), 280mg (week 3), 560mg (week 4) and 700mg
(week 5).

At the end of Part I (week 6), all patients will be eligible to be enrolled in Part II.

Part II: Determination of MTD (n=10-84):

Part II will proceed if measurable drug levels have been measured in Part I and in the
absence of DLT at the 70 mg single dose level in Part I. The maximum tolerated dose of oral
ON1910.Na administered in a fasting state (defined as no less than 30 minutes before next
meal) twice a day for 14 consecutive days will be determined in patients in patients with
Low, Intermediate-1, Intermediate-2 or High Risk MDS following an adaptive design.

If blood levels were detected only at the 560mg or 700mg dose level in Part I, then the
starting dose will be 140 mg. If blood levels were detected at the 280mg dose level or
below, then the starting dose will be 70mg. Initially, patients will be enrolled in
two-patient cohorts.

- In the absence of drug-related grade 2 or higher toxicity in either one of the two
patients treated for an entire 21-day first cycle (treated for a complete 14 day-period
and followed up for another 7 days), the next two patients will be receiving a dose
escalated by 100% from prior dose (e.g. 140mg from 70mg prior dose; next dose levels
will be 280, 560 and 700mg).

- If drug-related grade 2 or higher toxicity is observed in at least one of the two
patients treated for a full 21-day cycle, the cohort will be expanded in order to
obtain 3 evaluable (treated for an entire 21-day first cycle) patients.

- If no dose limiting toxicity (DLT) is observed in the first three patients treated for
an entire 21-day first cycle, then the next three patients will be enrolled at a dose
level increased by 50% from prior dose (e.g. 105mg from 70mg prior dose; see Table 1
below).

- If one DLT is observed in the first three patients treated for an entire 21-day first
cycle, then the three next patients will be enrolled at the same dose level.

- If no more than one DLT is observed in the six patients treated for an entire 21-day
cycle, then the next six patients will be administered a dose level increased by 25%
from prior dose (e.g. 88mg for 70mg prior dose; see Table 2 below) and all subsequent
dose escalations will not exceed 25%.

- If two or more patients in any cohort experience DLT, then the maximum tolerated dose
(MTD) will have been exceeded and no further dose escalation will occur. The MTD will
be established as the immediate prior dosing level

- Identical rules will be applied to all cohorts of patients recruited to the study.

DLT must be at least possibly attributable to ON 01910.Na and is defined as:

- Grade 3 non-hematological toxicity other than nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever,
esophagitis/dysphagia

- Grade 3 nausea and vomiting uncontrolled by antiemetics; grade 3 diarrhea uncontrolled
by antidiarrheal agents; grade 3 drug-induced fever uncontrolled by antipyretics

- Grade 3 stomatitis and/or esophagitis/dysphagia lasting > 3 days

- Delay in recovery to baseline blood counts below pre-treatment baseline (>20%
difference) of more than 30 days in the absence of a response

If a patient has a DLT (see definition above) beyond the completion of the first 21-day
cycle, administration of oral ON 01910.Na, treatment will be discontinued or reduced (at the
discretion of the Principal Investigator) to the lower dose level, or by 25% if the patient
was treated at the 70mg dose level. Patients should return to within 20% of their baseline,
pre-cycle ANC, platelet or hemoglobin levels prior to treatment with a subsequent cycle.
Treatment can be delayed for up to 21 days (1 cycle length) until counts return to their
pre-treatment baseline. If counts are still not adequate for treatment, the patient will be
re-evaluated 2 weeks later. If any non-hematological toxicity of Grade 2 or 3 is present on
the day of ON 01910.Na administration, the drug administration will be withheld until
resolution to ≤ grade 1 toxicity is present.

ON 01910.Na blood concentrations will be determined 1 hours after first dosing on days 1, 7
and 14 in all patients recruited in Part II.

Treatment will be continued until progression or stopped in the absence of bone marrow
response or hematological improvement after 16 weeks.

Part III: Food/Fast and Absolute Bioavailability PK analysis at MTD in confirming cohort
(n=15):

Up to fifteen patients with Low, Intermediate-1, Intermediate-2 or High Risk MDS will be
enrolled at the MTD dose level and treated until progression. The treatment will be stopped
in the absence of bone marrow response or hematological improvement after 16 weeks.

A subset of twelve patients will undergo the following procedures:

On Day 1, patients will be dosed with ON 01910.Na 800 mg/m2 IV for 24 hours and
pharmacokinetic analysis will be performed

- After a wash-out period of 3 days, patients will be dosed with ON 01910.Na MTD dosing
in a fasting state twice a day for 3 days. Pharmacokinetic analysis will be performed
on the first (Day 5) day of drug administration. Following an overnight fast of at
least 10 hours, patients will be administered ON 01910.Na with 240 mL (8 fluid ounces)
of water. No food should be allowed for at least 4 hours post-dose. Water can be
allowed as desired except for one hour before and after drug administration. Patients
should receive standardized meals scheduled at the same time during the pharmacokinetic
evaluations.

- After a second wash-out period of 3 days, patients will be dosed with ON 01910.Na MTD
dosing in a fed state (defined as within 30 minutes after prior meal) twice a day for 3
days. Pharmacokinetic analysis will be performed on the first (Day 11) day of drug
administration. Following an overnight fast of at least 10 hours, patients should start
the meal 30 minutes prior to administration of ON 01910.Na. Patients should eat this
meal in 30 minutes or less and ON 01910.Na should be administered 30 minutes after
start of the meal with 240 mL (8 fluid ounces) of water. No food should be allowed for
at least 4 hours post-dose. Water can be allowed as desired except for one hour before
and after ON 01910.Na administration.

Oral dosing at MTD level will resume in a fasting state on Day 1 of the second 21-day cycle
(14 days of bid dosing followed by a 7-day off treatment period) until progression is noted.
The treatment will be stopped in the absence of bone marrow response or hematological
improvement after 16 weeks.

If a patient has a DLT (see definition above) beyond the completion of the first 21-day
cycle, administration of oral ON 01910.Na, treatment will be discontinued or reduced (at the
discretion of the Principal Investigator) to the lower dose cohort level, or by 25% if the
patient was treated at the 70 mg dose level. Patients should return to within 20% of their
baseline, pre-cycle ANC, platelet or hemoglobin levels prior to treatment with a subsequent
cycle. Treatment can be delayed for up to 21 days (1 cycle length) until counts return to
their pre-treatment baseline. If counts are still not adequate for treatment, the patient
will be re-evaluated 2 weeks later. If any non-hematological toxicity of Grade 2 or 3 is
present on the day of ON 01910.Na administration, the drug administration will be withheld
until resolution to ≤ grade 1 toxicity is present.


Inclusion Criteria:



- ≥ 18 years of age

- Diagnosis of MDS confirmed within 6 weeks prior to study entry according to the World
Health Organization (WHO) Criteria (see Attachment 1) or the French-American-British
(FAB) Classification (see Attachment 2).

- Low, Intermediate 1 or 2 or High Risk MDS according to the IPSS score (see Attachment
3)

- At least one cytopenia (Absolute Neutrophil Count < 1500/µL or Platelet Count
<100,000/µL or Hemoglobin <10 g/dL)

- Failure of, or insufficient response to Azacytidine or Decitabine or Lenalidomide or
to Erythrocyte Stimulating Agent

- Failed to respond to, relapsed following, or opted not to participate in bone marrow
transplantation

- Off all other treatments for MDS (including filgrastim (G-CSF) and erythropoietin)
for at least four weeks (only 2 weeks if PROCRITTM is used). Filgrastim (G-CSF) can
be used before, during and after the protocol treatment for patients with documented
febrile neutropenia (<500/µl)

- ECOG Performance Status 0, 1 or 2 (see Attachment 4)

- Willing to adhere to the prohibitions and restrictions specified in this protocol

- Patient (or his/her legally authorized representative) must have signed an informed
consent document indicating that he/she understands the purpose of and procedures
required for the study and is willing to participate in the study

Exclusion Criteria:

- Anemia due to factors other than MDS (including hemolysis or gastrointestinal
bleeding)

- Hypoplastic MDS (cellularity <10%)

- Any active malignancy within the past year except basal cell or squamous cell skin
cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast

- History of HIV-1 seropositivity

- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to symptomatic
congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris or cardiac arrhythmia

- Active infection not adequately responding to appropriate therapy.

- Total bilirubin > 1.5 mg/dL not related to hemolysis or Gilbert's disease, AST/ALT >
2 X ULN

- Serum creatinine > 1.5 x ULN

- Ascites requiring active medical management including paracentesis, or hyponatremia
(defined as serum sodium value of <130 Meq/L).

- Women patients who are pregnant or lactating; Male patients with female sexual
partners who are unwilling to follow the strict contraception requirements described
in this protocol (see Section 4.4).; Patients who do not agree to use adequate
contraceptive [including prescription oral contraceptives (birth control pills),
contraceptive injections, intrauterine device (IUD), double-barrier method
(spermicidal jelly or foam with condoms or diaphragm), contraceptive patch, or
surgical sterilization] before entry and throughout the study; Female patients with
reproductive potential who do not have a negative serum or urine beta-HCG pregnancy
test at screening

- Major surgery without full recovery or major surgery within 3 weeks of ON 01910.Na
treatment start.

- Uncontrolled hypertension (defined as a systolic pressure ³ 160 mm Hg and/or a
diastolic pressure ³ 110 mm Hg)

- New onset seizures (within 3 months prior to the first dose of ON 01910.Na) or poorly
controlled seizures

- Any concurrent investigational agent or chemotherapy, radiotherapy or immunotherapy

- Treatment with standard MDS therapies or investigational therapy within 4 weeks of
starting ON 01910.Na

- Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit the patient's ability to
tolerate and/or comply with study requirements

Type of Study:

Interventional

Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Hematologic and non-hematologic toxicities and the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of orally administered ON 01910.Na given twice a day up to 14 days at doses escalating from 70 mg to 700 mg

Outcome Time Frame:

2 years

Safety Issue:

Yes

Principal Investigator

Rami Komrokji, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Authority:

United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:

09-01

NCT ID:

NCT01048619

Start Date:

December 2009

Completion Date:

August 2013

Related Keywords:

  • Myelodysplastic Syndrome
  • Myelodysplastic Syndrome
  • MDS
  • Myelodysplastic Syndromes
  • Preleukemia

Name

Location

H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research InstituteTampa, Florida  33612
Columbia University Medical CenterNew York, New York  10032