Know Cancer

forgot password

A Study to Determine If Inflammatory Cytokines Are Associated With Perinatal Brain Injury and Long Term Neurodevelopmental Handicap or Death

72 Hours
Not Enrolling
Infant, Newborn, Infant, Low Birth Weight, Infant, Small for Gestational Age, Infant, Premature, Cerebral Palsy

Thank you

Trial Information

A Study to Determine If Inflammatory Cytokines Are Associated With Perinatal Brain Injury and Long Term Neurodevelopmental Handicap or Death

Inflammatory cytokines [interleukin-1 (IL-1β), IL-8, IL-9, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α),
and RANTES] but not anti-inflammatory cytokines released during the perinatal period have
been associated with the development of periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) and cerebral
palsy (CP) in near term and term infants. However, because blood samples were obtained on
any day between day 1 and 18, these data cannot distinguish between prenatal and postnatal
effects on neurological outcome. Furthermore, very low birth weight infants who are at the
highest risk have not been studies.

The goal of this study was to measure pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokine levels
at various times in the perinatal period (at birth up to day of life 21), since they may be
elevated at different points in the disease process. Blood samples (whole blood spots, dried
on filter paper) were obtained on day 1 within 4 hours after birth, and on days 3, 7, 14,
and 21. Neurodevelopmental assessments were conducted at 18-22 months corrected age.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Infants 401-1,000 grams at birth

Exclusion Criteria:

- >72 hours of age

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Outcome Measure:

Pro-cytokines increased and anti-inflammatory cytokines decreased

Outcome Time Frame:

At birth and/or up to Day 3±1

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

William Oh, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Brown University, Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island


United States: Federal Government

Study ID:




Start Date:

July 1999

Completion Date:

May 2004

Related Keywords:

  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight
  • Infant, Small for Gestational Age
  • Infant, Premature
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • NICHD Neonatal Research Network
  • Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW)
  • Extremely Low Birth Weight (ELBW)
  • Prematurity
  • Pro-inflammatory cytokines
  • Anti-inflammatory cytokines
  • Interleukin-1 (IL-1β)
  • Interleukin-2 (IL-2)
  • Interleukin-3 (IL-3)
  • Interleukin-8 (IL-8)
  • Interleukin-9 (IL-9)
  • Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)
  • Regulated upon Activation, Normal T-cell Expressed and Secreted (RANTES)
  • Birth Weight
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Brain Injuries



Wake Forest University Winston-Salem, North Carolina  27103
University of Alabama Birmingham, Alabama  
Stanford University Stanford, California  94305
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas Dallas, Texas  75235-8897
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Houston, Texas  77225
Duke University Durham, North Carolina  27710
University of California at San Diego La Jolla, California  92093
Yale University New Haven, Connecticut  06520
Emory University Atlanta, Georgia  30322
Wayne State University Detroit, Michigan  48202
University of New Mexico Albuquerque, New Mexico  87131
University of Miami Miami, Florida  33136
Indiana University Indianapolis, Indiana  46202
University of Tennessee Memphis, Tennessee  38163
RTI International Durham, North Carolina  27705
Cincinnati Children's Medical Center Cincinnati, Ohio  45267
Case Western Reserve University, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital Cleveland, Ohio  44106
Brown University, Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island Providence, Rhode Island  02905