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A Phase II Study of Panobinostat (LBH589) as Second-Line Therapy in Patients With Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease

Phase 2
18 Years
Not Enrolling
Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease

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Trial Information

A Phase II Study of Panobinostat (LBH589) as Second-Line Therapy in Patients With Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease

Chronic GVHD is an autoimmune, inflammatory disorder that occurs in the majority of patients
who experience acute GVHD. Long-term corticosteroids are still standard therapy for chronic
GVHD. Corticosteroids are associated with high morbidity and non-relapse mortality. In
addition, corticosteroids are broadly immunosuppressive and can also decrease the GVL effect
and increase the incidence of relapse. There is a clear need for effective, steroid-sparing
agents for the management of chronic GVHD. Thus, agents like HDAC inhibitors, with the
potential of decreasing pro-inflammatory events leading to GVHD without affecting GVL, may
have a central role in the prevention and treatment of GVHD.

This study will look at the efficacy of panobinostat (LBH589), an HDAC inhibitor, in the
treatment of patients with chronic GVHD who have failed corticosteroids. In this group of
patients, effective steroid-sparing options are limited and are usually associated with
profound immunosuppression and decreased GVL effect.

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Chronic GvHD following allogeneic HSCT of any source (bone marrow, peripheral blood,
or cord blood stem cells), from any donor type (related, unrelated, or mismatched)
and with any type of malignancy. Chronic GvHD will be defined according to NIH
Consensus Criteria.

2. Patients must have had inadequate response to treatment with steroids and calcineurin
inhibitors. Patients must have been treated with an initial dose of at least 1
mg/kg/day of methylprednisolone (MP) or equivalent in combination with tacrolimus or
cyclosporine and must fulfill the definition of steroid refractoriness or resistance.
Steroid refractoriness or resistance will be defined as:

1. Lack of any response after 1 month of treatment with MP, including 15 days of at
least 0.5 mg/kg/day.

2. Worsening of existing GvHD or new organ involvement at any time following one
week of initiation of MP at 1 mg/kg/day.

3. Reflare or worsening of GvHD at any time during steroid taper.

4. Patients should not have received any drug or treatment for chronic GvHD other
than steroids and calcineurin inhibitors (i.e., cyclosporine or tacrolimus).

3. Patient must not have evidence of primary disease relapse.

4. An ECOG (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group) performance status of ≤2

5. Baseline MUGA or ECHO must demonstrate left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)

6. No uncontrolled arrhythmias or symptoms of heart disease.

7. FEV1, FVC, and DLCO ≥40%.

8. Laboratory values as follows:

- white blood cell ≥2500/mm³;

- absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1,000/mm³;

- hemoglobin ≥9.5 g%;

- platelets ≥50,000/mm³;

- total bilirubin <3 x upper limits of normal;

- aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤5 × the
institutional upper limit of normal (ULN);

- creatinine <1.5 × ULN or creatinine clearance ≥ 50 ml/min;

- serum potassium ≥ LLN;

- serum sodium ≥ LLN;

- serum calcium WNL;

- serum phosphorus WNL;

- serum magnesium WNL;

9. Patients with elevated alkaline phosphatase due to bone metastasis may be enrolled.

10. TSH and free T4 within normal limits (clinically euthyroid patients are permitted to
receive thyroid supplements to treat underlying hypothyroidism).

11. Age ≥ 18 years, male or female.

12. Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Prior HDAC, DAC, HSP90 inhibitors or valproic acid for the treatment of cancer.

2. Patients who will need valproic acid for any medical condition during the study or ≤5
days prior to first panobinostat treatment.

3. Use of prior immunosuppressants other than steroids and calcineurin inhibitors(i.e.
cyclosporine or tacrolimus).

4. Chronic active hepatitis or cirrhosis.

5. Impaired cardiac function including any of the following:

- Patients with congenital long QT syndrome;

- Patients with history or presence of sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias;

- Patients with any history of ventricular fibrillation or Torsades de Pointes;

- Patients with bradycardia defined as HR <50 bpm. Patients with pacemakers are
eligible if HR ≥50 bpm.

- Patients with myocardial infarction or unstable angina ≤6 months prior to
starting study drug;

- Right bundle branch block plus left anterior hemiblock (bifasicular block);

- Screening ECG with QTc >450 msec;

- Congestive heart failure (CHF) > New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II (see
Appendix D).

6. Concomitant use of drugs with a risk of causing Torsades de Pointes (see Appendix A).

7. Other concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions.

8. Any condition that impairs patient's ability to swallow whole pills or
gastrointestinal (GI) tract disease that involves an inability to take oral
medication, malabsorption syndrome, a requirement for intravenous (IV)

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

To assess the response rate to panobinostat of patients with cGvHD inadequately treated with steroids and calcineurin inhibitors.

Outcome Time Frame:

30 months

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Daniel R Couriel, M.D.

Investigator Role:

Study Chair

Investigator Affiliation:

Sarah Cannon Research Institute


United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:




Start Date:

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Chronic Graft-versus-host Disease
  • Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease
  • GVHD
  • LBH589
  • Panobinostat
  • Graft vs Host Disease



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