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Is 18F-EF5 PET Imaging Useful in Determining the Prognosis of Newly Diagnosed Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma?

18 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Squamous Cell Carcinoma

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Trial Information

Is 18F-EF5 PET Imaging Useful in Determining the Prognosis of Newly Diagnosed Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma?

Detailed DescriptionPRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Describe the patterns and levels of 18F-EF5 in Stage 1 - 4 de novo HNSCC of the oral
cavity, oropharynx and larynx.

II. Determine whether the 18F-EF5 PET images are predictive of patient outcome (event-free
survival; EFS and overall survival; OS).

III. Determine whether any statistically significant prognostic relationships found in the
corresponding grant are independent of nodal status.


I. Explore the relationship between 18F-EF5 signal and other measures of hypoxia (serum OPN;
HIF1alpha protein expression), proliferation (Ki67+ cells/high power field (HPF)), apoptosis
and radiation resistance (pAkt expression).


Patients undergo fluorine F 18-EF5 positron emission tomography imaging. Scans are performed
180 minutes following injection.

After completion of study, patients are followed at 2-4 weeks and 4-6 weeks.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients must have a histologically confirmed and/or clinical and imaging evidence of
a Stage 1-4 de novo mass in the larynx, pharynx or oral cavity

- Treatment plan should include Surgery (Biopsy or Excision) and may be followed by
radiation and/ or concurrent chemotherapy

- Patients' disease must not require emergency surgical attention

- The need for tracheotomy and/or feeding tube placement preceding definitive surgery
is not a contradiction for participation

- Patients must have a Karnofsky performance status >= 70

- Patients must have a clinical condition and physiologic status for which the standard
initial therapy is surgical biopsy or resection

- Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

- WBC > 2,000/mm^3

- Platelets > 100,000/mm^3

- Total bilirubin

- Creatinine

- Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception
(hormonal or barrier method of birth control) prior to study entry and for the
duration of study participation (1 month)

- Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this
study, she should inform her treating physician immediately

- Serum pregnancy testing will be required for women of childbearing age

- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- History of allergic reactions attributed to Flagyl (metronidazole), which has a
chemical structure similar to EF5

- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to symptomatic
congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, or psychiatric illness/social
situations that would limit compliance with study requirements

- Pregnant women and women who are breastfeeding

- Patients whose clinical status requires that surgery for their HNSCC be performed
emergently or in a time course that does not allow scheduling of an 18F-EF5 PET scan
preceding surgery and chemoradiation

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Outcome Measure:

18F-EF5 standardized uptake values (SUV)

Safety Issue:



United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:

UPCC 17308



Start Date:

March 2009

Completion Date:

March 2014

Related Keywords:

  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  • Stage 1 squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx
  • Carcinoma
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
  • Neoplasms, Squamous Cell



Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, Pennsylvania  19104-4283