A Phase II Study of Everolimus in Combination With Paclitaxel and Carboplatin in Patients With Metastatic Melanoma
1. Histologically confirmed metastatic melanoma.
2. Stage III or IV disease that is not amenable to resection.
3. Measurable disease by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version
1.1. If the patient has had previous radiation to the target lesion(s), there must
be evidence of progression since the radiation.
4. ECOG Performance Status of 0 or 1.
5. Life expectancy ≥12 weeks.
6. No prior cytotoxic chemotherapy or targeted therapy. Immunotherapy is allowed (i.e.,
interleukin-2 or interferon).
7. Adequate hematological function:
- absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1500/µL and
- platelets ≥100,000/µL and
- hemoglobin >9 g/dL
8. Adequate renal function: serum creatinine ≤2.0 mg/dL or calculated (measured) GFR ≥50
9. Adequate hepatic function:
- serum bilirubin ≤1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN);
- aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤2.5 × ULN,
or ≤5 × ULN in patients with documented liver metastases.
10. Normal PT, INR. Patients on coumadin anticoagulation are eligible if they are on a
stable dose, with an INR in the therapeutic range.
11. Fasting serum cholesterol ≤300 mg/dL OR ≤7.75 mmol/L AND fasting triglycerides ≤ 2.5
x ULN. NOTE: In case one or both of these thresholds are exceeded, the patient can
be included after initiation of appropriate lipid lowering medication.
12. Age ≥18 years.
13. Ability to swallow whole pills.
14. Patient must be accessible for treatment and follow-up.
15. Patients must be able to understand the investigational nature of this study and give
written informed consent prior to study entry.
1. Previous treatment with an mTOR inhibitor (sirolimus, temsirolimus, everolimus),
paclitaxel, or carboplatin.
2. Treatment with any investigational agent ≤4 weeks of protocol treatment.
3. Patients currently receiving anticancer therapies or who have received anticancer
therapies ≤3 weeks of the start of the study drug (including radiation therapy,
4. Patients, who have had a major surgery or significant traumatic injury ≤4 weeks of
start of study drug or patients who have not recovered from the side effects of any
major surgery (defined as requiring general anesthesia).
5. Patients receiving chronic, systemic treatment with corticosteroids (dose >10 mg
daily of methylprednisolone or equivalent) or other immunosuppressive agents.
Topical or inhaled steroids are allowed.
6. Immunization with attenuated live vaccine ≤1 week of study or anytime during study
7. Patients with active brain metastases are ineligible. Patients with treated brain
metastases are eligible if (1) radiation therapy was completed ≥4 weeks prior to
study entry; (2) surgery was completed ≥4 weeks prior to study entry; (3) follow-up
scan shows no disease progression; and (4) patient does not require steroids.
8. Any severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions or other conditions that could
affect participation in the study such as:
- severely impaired lung function defined as a DLCO ≤50% of the normal
predicted value and/or O2 saturation ≤88% at rest on room air.
- symptomatic congestive heart failure of New York Heart Association Class III or
- unstable angina pectoris, symptomatic congestive heart failure, myocardial
infarction ≤6 months of start of study drug, serious uncontrolled cardiac
arrhythmia or any other clinically significant disease.
- uncontrolled diabetes as defined by fasting serum glucose >1.5 x ULN.
- active (acute or chronic) uncontrolled severe infections.
- liver disease such as cirrhosis, chronic active hepatitis or chronic persistent
9. Active, bleeding diathesis.
10. Impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly
alter the absorption of everolimus (e.g., ulcerative disease, uncontrolled nausea,
vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, or small bowel resection).
11. A known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositivity.
12. Known hypersensitivity to everolimus or other rapamycins (sirolimus, temsirolimus) or
to its excipients.
13. Use of St. John's Wort is prohibited. Drugs or substances (e.g., grapefruits, star
fruits, seville oranges, and their juices and products), known to be inhibitors or
inducers of the isoenzyme CYP3A4 should be avoided. Co-administration with
substrates, inducers, or inhibitors of P glycoprotein should also be avoided.
14. Female patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding or adults of reproductive potential
who are not using effective birth control methods. If barrier contraceptives are
being used, these must be continued throughout the trial by both sexes. Hormonal
contraceptives are not acceptable as a sole method of contraception. (Women of
childbearing potential [WOCBP] must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test
within 7 days prior to administration of everolimus.) WOCBP should continue to use
effective contraception for 8 weeks after ending everolimus treatment.
15. Other malignancies within the past 3 years except for adequately treated carcinoma of
the cervix or basal or squamous cell carcinomas of the skin.
16. History of noncompliance to medical regimens. Patients unwilling to, or unable to,
comply with the protocol.
17. History of any other disease, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory
finding that gives reasonable suspicion of a disease or a condition that may render
the patient at high risk for treatment complications using these agents.