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A Randomized Phase III Evaluation of Docetaxel (NSC #628503) and Gemcitabine (NSC #613327) Plus G-CSF With Bevacizumab (NSC #704865, IND #7921) Versus Docetaxel (NSC #628503) and Gemcitabine (NSC #613327) Plus G-CSF With Placebo in the Treatment of Recurrent or Advanced Leiomyosarcoma of the Uterus

Phase 3
18 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Recurrent Uterine Sarcoma, Stage IIIA Uterine Sarcoma, Stage IIIB Uterine Sarcoma, Stage IIIC Uterine Sarcoma, Stage IVA Uterine Sarcoma, Stage IVB Uterine Sarcoma, Uterine Leiomyosarcoma

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Trial Information

A Randomized Phase III Evaluation of Docetaxel (NSC #628503) and Gemcitabine (NSC #613327) Plus G-CSF With Bevacizumab (NSC #704865, IND #7921) Versus Docetaxel (NSC #628503) and Gemcitabine (NSC #613327) Plus G-CSF With Placebo in the Treatment of Recurrent or Advanced Leiomyosarcoma of the Uterus


I. To determine whether the addition of bevacizumab to fixed-dose rate gemcitabine-docetaxel
reduces the progression-free survival (PFS) event rate when compared to
gemcitabine-docetaxel plus placebo in patients with advanced or recurrent uterine
leiomyosarcoma (LMS).


I. To determine the objective response rate, as measured by RECIST, of patients treated with
fixed-dose rate gemcitabine-docetaxel with bevacizumab, compared with the objective response
rate of patients treated with fixed-dose rate gemcitabine-docetaxel with placebo.

II. To determine if the addition of bevacizumab to the combination of gemcitabine and
docetaxel increases overall survival in patients with advanced or recurrent uterine LMS.

III. To determine the toxicity profile of fixed-dose rate gemcitabine-docetaxel with and
without bevacizumab in this patient population.

IV. To bank formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor tissue for research.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to prior
whole-pelvic radiotherapy (yes vs no). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive a placebo IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1, gemcitabine hydrochloride
IV over 90 minutes on days 1 and 8, and docetaxel IV over 60 minutes on day 8. Patients also
receive filgrastim subcutaneously (SC) on days 9-15 or pegfilgrastim SC on day 9 or 10.

ARM II: Patients receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1, gemcitabine
hydrochloride IV over 90 minutes on days 1 and 8, and docetaxel IV over 60 minutes on day 8.
Patients also receive filgrastim SC on days 9-15 or pegfilgrastim SC on day 9 or 10.

In both arms, courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or
unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years and
then every 6 months for 3 years.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients must have advanced or recurrent uterine leiomyosarcoma with documented
disease progression; histologic confirmation of the original primary tumor is

- All patients must have measurable disease as defined by RECIST 1.1; measurable
disease is defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least
one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded); each lesion must be >= 10 mm when
measured by CT, MRI or caliper measurement by clinical exam; or >= 20 mm when
measured by chest x-ray; lymph nodes must be >= 15 mm in short axis when measured by

- Patient must have at least one "target lesion" to be used to assess response on this
protocol as defined by RECIST 1.1; tumors within a previously irradiated field will
be designated as "non-target" lesions unless progression is documented or a biopsy is
obtained to confirm persistence at least 90 days following completion of radiation

- Patients must have a GOG Performance Status of 0, 1, or 2

- Patients must have recovered from effects of recent surgery, radiotherapy or other

- Patients should be free of active infection requiring antibiotics (with the exception
of an uncomplicated UTI)

- Any hormonal therapy directed at the malignant tumor must be discontinued at least
one week prior to first day of study treatment; continuation of hormone replacement
therapy is permitted

- Platelet count greater than or equal to 100,000/mm^3

- ANC count greater than or equal to 1,500/mm^3

- Creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 x institutional upper limit normal (ULN), per
NCI CTCAE Version 4.0 Grade 1

- Bilirubin within normal range (CTCAE Version 4 Grade 0)

- SGOT and alkaline phosphatase less than or equal to 2.5 x ULN, per the CTCAE Version
4.0 Grade 1)

- SGOT less than or equal to 2.5 x ULN, per the CTCAE Version 4.0 Grade 1

- Alkaline phosphatase less than or equal to 2.5 x ULN, per the CTCAE Version 4.0 Grade

- Neuropathy (sensory and motor) less than or equal to Grade 1 per the CTCAE Version

- No history of transient ischemic attack (TIA) or stroke or CNS hemorrhage within the
past 6 months

- Urine protein creatinine (UPC) ratio must be < 1.0 gm; if UPC ratio >= 1, collection
of 24-hour urine measurement of urine protein is recommended

- PT such that international normalized ratio (INR) is =< 1.5 and a PTT =< 1.5 times
the institutional upper limit of normal (or an in-therapeutic-range INR, usually
between 2 and 3, if a patient is on a stable dose of therapeutic warfarin)

- Patients must have signed an approved informed consent and authorization permitting
release of personal health information

- Patients must meet pre-entry requirements

- Patients of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test prior to
the study entry and be practicing an effective form of contraception

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients who have received prior cytotoxic chemotherapy for management of uterine
sarcoma; patients who have received prior VEGF-pathway targeted agent such as
bevacizumab, PTK787, VEGF-trap, or who have received prior treatment with a
multi-kinase inhibitor such as sorafenib or sunitinib are not eligible

- Patients who have had prior therapy with docetaxel or gemcitabine or bevacizumab

- Patients with a history of other invasive malignancies, with the exceptions of
non-melanoma skin cancer, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, and ductal carcinoma in
situ of the breast, are excluded if there is any evidence of other malignancy being
present within the last five years; patients are also excluded if their previous
cancer treatment contraindicates this protocol therapy

- Patients with active bleeding or pathologic conditions that carry high risk of
bleeding, such as known bleeding disorder, coagulopathy, or tumor involving major
vessels; (necessary use of warfarin or low molecular weight heparin is permitted,
provided the INR is maintained in the therapeutic range of approximately 2-3)

- Patients with major surgery or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to
study entry

- Patients with a history of abdominal fistula or perforation within the past 12 months

- Patients with a current, serious, non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture

- Patients with history or evidence upon physical examination of CNS disease, including
history of primary brain tumor, or any history of brain metastases, or seizures not
controlled with standard medical therapy

- Patients with known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or other
recombinant human or humanized antibodies

- Cardiovascular function; specifically, patient may not have:

- Uncontrolled hypertension, defined as systolic > 150 mm Hg or diastolic > 100 mm
Hg in a patient with no history of hypertension; patients with a history of
hypertension before enrollment on study are permitted, but such patients must
have BP less than or equal to 140/90 mmHg; use of blood pressure medications to
achieve and maintain blood pressure control is permitted

- Myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months of the first date of
bevacizumab/placebo therapy

- New York Heart Association (NYHA) Grade II or greater congestive heart failure
or serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication; women who have received
prior treatment with an anthracycline (including doxorubicin and/or liposomal
doxorubicin) and have an ejection fraction < 50% will be excluded from the study

- Grade 1, Category 2 or greater, peripheral vascular disease; patient cannot have
anything worse than mild, symptomatic claudication with exercise

- History of cerebrovascular accident (CVA, stroke), transient ischemic attack
(TIA) or subarachnoid hemorrhage within six months of the first date of
bevacizumab/placebo therapy

- History of pulmonary embolism or deep vein thrombosis in the past 6 months

- Patients with, or with anticipation of, invasive procedures as defined below:

- Major surgical procedure, open biopsy or significant traumatic injury within 28
days prior to the first date of bevacizumab/placebo therapy

- Major surgical procedure anticipated during the course of the study.

- Minor surgical procedures (i.e., mediport insertion), fine needle aspirates, or
core biopsies within 7 days prior to the first date of bevacizumab/placebo

- Patients who are pregnant or nursing

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Duration of progression-free survival

Outcome Description:

Assessed with a log-rank test stratified by whether the patient had whole pelvic radiotherapy prior to starting the study treatment. The product-limit method will be used to estimate the cumulative distribution of PFS for the patients assigned to each treatment group.

Outcome Time Frame:

Up to 5 years

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Martee Hensley

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Gynecologic Oncology Group


United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:




Start Date:

November 2009

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Recurrent Uterine Sarcoma
  • Stage IIIA Uterine Sarcoma
  • Stage IIIB Uterine Sarcoma
  • Stage IIIC Uterine Sarcoma
  • Stage IVA Uterine Sarcoma
  • Stage IVB Uterine Sarcoma
  • Uterine Leiomyosarcoma
  • Leiomyosarcoma
  • Sarcoma



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