Know Cancer

or
forgot password

Markers of Response to Intravesical Bladder Cancer Therapy


N/A
18 Years
N/A
Open (Enrolling)
Both
Bladder Cancer

Thank you

Trial Information

Markers of Response to Intravesical Bladder Cancer Therapy


In this study, researchers are looking at markers that they could use to identify - at an
early time point - those patients who might not respond to this treatment. This would allow
researchers to provide future patients with information about their chances of responding to
such treatment. And, with this information, researchers could better counsel those patients
who might benefit from a different therapy at an earlier time point.

Treatment with BCG or BCG plus interferon is currently the most effective nonsurgical
treatment for superficial bladder cancer. However, at this time, there is no reliable test
that can help researchers predict which patients will respond to this therapy. You will be
receiving BCG or BCG plus interferon therapy as planned by your physician. This is a
standard therapy that will be decided by your doctor and based on your disease
characteristics. If you agree to take part in this study, your participation will not
affect the treatment you will receive in any way. Your follow-up and disease monitoring will
be done according to standard routines.

By participating in this study, you agree to provide researchers with 4 tablespoons (or as
much as you can produce) of urine at the following time points.

1. Before you start therapy.

2. Just before and 4 hours after your last treatment (which usually occurs 6 weeks after
start of treatment).

3. Just before and 4 hours after your last treatment of the second course of therapy
(which is usually about 3 months after the beginning of the first course of therapy.

In addition, you will provide researchers with a bladder wash sample. This sample will be
collected during routine catheterization (for your planned treatment) or during your routine
cystoscopic exam. Bladder wash samples will be collected at the following time points.

1. Before you start therapy.

2. Just before your last treatment (which usually occurs 6 weeks after start of
treatment).

3. At your first routine cystoscopic follow-up (which usually occurs at 3 months).

4. At your second routine cystoscopic follow-up (which usually occurs at 6 months).

Your follow-up cystoscopies and maintenance therapy will be done according to routine care
as decided by your doctor and are not affected by your participation in this study. You
will be part of the study for about 24 months after beginning the treatments. At the end of
that period, between 23 and 27 months, you will be checked with cystoscopy and cytology to
see if the tumor has come back, as part of standard of care.

In addition, information will be collected from your medical chart about other medications
that you are taking and other conditions, such as diabetes or heart disease, that you may
have. Information will also be collected about previous treatment that you have had for
bladder cancer as well as other treatments that you may receive during this study. This may
include treatments that are received at an outside health facility. Neither your name nor
your medical record number will be kept with this information. All of the information
collected for this study will be kept in a locked cabinet to which only the researchers have
access. Upon completion of the study, the information sheets will be destroyed.

This is an investigational study.

A total of 300 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at MD Anderson.


Inclusion Criteria:



Disease Characteristics:

- Histologically confirmed primary or recurrent non-muscle-invasive transitional cell
carcinoma with an intact bladder

- Stage Ta, T1, or carcinoma in situ

- Grade 1, 2, or 3

- Primary disease site must be the urinary bladder

- No evidence of tumor invasion of the muscularis propria by cystoscopy and biopsy
within the past 6 weeks

- Upper tract imaging within the prior 12 months

Patient Characteristics:

- Age: 18 years and above

- Gender: Male or female

- Life expectancy: 24 months or greater

- Performance status: 0 - 1

Prior Therapy:

- Biologic therapy: allowed

- Chemotherapy: allowed

- Radiotherapy: no prior pelvic radiotherapy

- Surgery: recovered from prior transurethral resection

Intravesical Immunotherapy:

- In the opinion of the treating physician, the patient must be a candidate for
"standard of care" intravesical immunotherapy, defined as

- Induction with 6 weekly treatments of intravesical BCG followed by maintenance
with 3 weekly treatments of intravesical BCG at 3 months. Continued maintenance
therapy at 6 months and then every 6 months for total of 36 months ("Lamm
regimen") (38) is optional and left to the discretion of the physician or

- Induction with 6 weekly treatments of intravesical BCG plus IFN-alfa-2b followed
by maintenance with 3 weekly treatments of BCG plus IFN-alfa-2b at 3 months.
Continued maintenance therapy at 9 months, and 15 months ("O'Donnell regimen")
(39) is optional and left to the discretion of the physician.

- Patients will be included in the study based on 'intent to treat'. If, after start of
induction, the treating physician decides to alter the treatment regimen, patients
will still be included for analysis.

Special Situations:

A special situation arises when during the course of the study, a patient develops
recurrent tumor, and is deemed by the treating physician to require either a reinduction
course of BCG therapy or therapy with BCG plus Interferon. In that case, the patient will
remain in the protocol and, since urine cytology/FISH and cytokine responses are dependent
on the treatment time-table, we will start collecting urine samples all over again, as
already described previously in the protocol. Also, starting from the change in the
treatment plan, the patient's overall time in the protocol will be prolonged up to the
completion of a 24-month period of time.

Exclusion Criteria

- Ongoing Pregnancy

- Patients who are not eligible to receive standard-of-care intravesical immunotherapy
such as

- histologically confirmed pure squamous cell carcinoma or pure adenocarcinoma,

- patients with nonurothelial bladder cancer such as sarcoma, and
immunocompromised patients

Type of Study:

Observational

Study Design:

Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Prospective

Outcome Measure:

Number of Patients with Clinical tumor recurrence or progression by 24 months after initiation of intravesical immunotherapy

Outcome Time Frame:

Baseline to 24 months

Safety Issue:

No

Principal Investigator

Ashish M. Kamat, MD

Investigator Role:

Study Chair

Investigator Affiliation:

UT MD Anderson Cancer Center

Authority:

United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:

LAB05-0326

NCT ID:

NCT01007058

Start Date:

August 2009

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Bladder Cancer
  • Urinary Bladder
  • Non-muscle-invasive transitional cell carcinoma
  • Intact bladder
  • Intravesical Bladder Cancer Therapy
  • Tumor Recurrence
  • Surrogate markers of response
  • BCG
  • Bacillus Calmette GuĂ©rin
  • Interferon-alfa-2b
  • IFN-alfa-2b
  • Interferon
  • Fluorescence in situ hybridization
  • FISH
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms

Name

Location

UT MD Anderson Cancer CenterHouston, Texas  77030