An Open-Label Study to Investigate the Pharmacodynamics of a Repeat Dose Regimen of Bevacizumab (10 mg/kg q2w) and Escalating Repeat Doses of Pazopanib in Renal Cell Carcinoma
- Histologically (any histological subtype) or cytologically confirmed unresectable RCC
with a clear cell component.
- Experienced documented evidence of radiological progression based on Response
Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] while on first line (or greater) RCC
therapy and within 6 months prior to the first dose of study medication
- Evidence of unidimensionally measurable disease (i.e., at least 1 malignant tumour
mass that can be accurately measured in at least 1 dimension with the longest
diameter greater than or equal to 20 mm with conventional CT or MRI or V10 mm with
spiral CT scan [if spiral CT scan is used, minimum lesion size should be twice the
reconstruction interval used, e.g., if reconstruction size is 7 mm, lesion size
should be greater than or equal to 14 mm]) Note: Subject should be excluded if all
baseline measurable lesions are within previously irradiated areas.
- Free of any malignant disease other than RCC for at least 5 years prior to the first
dose of study medication (bevacizumab) in this study, with the exception of the
following: Cervical carcinoma in situ, Melanoma in situ, Basal or squamous cell
carcinoma of the skin
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0 to 1
- Resolution of all acute toxic effects of prior chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or
surgical procedures to NCI CTCAE Grade 1 or less.
- Adequate organ function as defined by laboratory ranges Note: Laboratory values just
outside of these ranges may be included if in the view of the investigator and
medical monitor, these findings will not interfere with the study or pose an
unacceptable risk to the subject.
- Capable of giving written informed consent, and willing and able to comply with the
requirements and restrictions listed in the consent form.
- Males and females greater than or equal to 18 years of age at screening. A female
subject is eligible to participate if she is of non-childbearing potential (see
below) or if she is of childbearing potential and agrees to use one of the defined
contraception methods from the time of first dose of study medication (bevacizumab)
until 4 months after the last dose of study medication (bevacizumab or pazopanib).
Non-childbearing potential is defined as pre-menopausal females with a documented
bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy, or hysterectomy; or postmenopausal
females with 12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea. If the exact duration of amenorrhea is
unknown, a blood sample with simultaneous follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) greater than
or equal to 40 MIU/mL and estradiol less than or equal to 40 pg/mL (less than or equal to
140 pmol/L) will be required as confirmation. Females on hormone replacement therapy
(HRT) and whose menopausal status is in doubt will be required to use one of the approved
contraception methods if they wish to continue their HRT during the study. Otherwise,
they must discontinue HRT to allow confirmation of post-menopausal status prior to study
enrollment. For most forms of HRT, at least 2-4 weeks will elapse between the cessation
of therapy and the blood draw; this interval depends on the type and dosage of HRT.
Following confirmation of their post-menopausal status, they can resume use of HRT during
the study without use of a contraceptive method.
A male subject is eligible to participate if he agrees to use one of the contraception
methods listed in from the time of first dose of study medication (bevacizumab) until 4
months after the last dose of study medication (bevacizumab or pazopanib).
Inclusion criteria for progression to Part II
- The subject met all eligibility criteria (inclusive of inclusion and exclusion
criteria) for participation in Part I of the study.
- In the opinion of the Investigator, the subject would derive continued therapeutic
benefit from anti-angiogenic therapy.
- In the opinion of the Investigator, there are no safety concerns that would present
an unacceptable benefit:risk profile for treatment with pazopanib.
- The subject is able to swallow and retain oral medication.
- Clinical evidence of cancer metastatic to the central nervous system or
- Previous treatment with bevacizumab or pazopanib, either alone or in combination with
Note: Patients who have previously received treatment with cytokine or anti-angiogenic
agents other than bevacizumab and pazopanib may be considered for the study.
- Known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncrasy to drugs
chemically related to bevacizumab or pazopanib or components of bevacizumab or
pazopanib (other than active drugs), or a history of drug or other allergy that, in
the opinion of the investigator or GSK Medical Monitor, contraindicates
- Any other anticancer therapy (radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy) within 28
days prior to the first dose of study medication and extending through completion of
treatment and all study procedures. Prior palliative radiotherapy to metastatic
lesion(s) is permitted, provided there is at least one measurable lesion that has not
- Use of an investigational agent, including an investigational anti-cancer agent,
within 28 days or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer, prior to the first dose of study
- Assessable disease is unsuitable for biopsy or the patient is unwilling or not
sufficiently fit to undergo serial biopsies of their cancer at the time points
specified in Section 4.7.
- A major surgical procedure or traumatic injury within 28 days prior to the first dose
of study medication (bevacizumab), or anticipation of a major surgical procedure
(that cannot be rescheduled) from the first dose of study mediciation through 28 days
after the last dose of study medication. The investigator should confirm that any
prior surgical incision has fully healed prior to initiating treatment.
- Evidence of active bleeding or bleeding diathesis, or any serious, non-healing wound,
ulcer, or bone fracture.
- Hemoptysis within 6 weeks of the first dose of study medication.
- Use of therapeutic doses of warfarin within 5 half-lives of the first dose of study
medication and during treatment in the study. Note: Use of low molecular weight
heparin is permitted during the study. Patients may be switched from warfarin to low
molecular weight heparin for the duration of this study if, in the opinion of the
Investigator, doing so does not present an undue safety risk to the patient.
- National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events
(CTCAE) Grade 3 hemorrhage within 28 days of the first dose of study medication.
- Clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities including, but not limited to:
Malabsorption syndrome, Major resection of the stomach or small bowel that could
affect the absorption of study drug, Active peptic ulcer disease, Known intraluminal
metastatic lesion(s) with suspected bleeding, Inflammatory bowel disease, Ulcerative
colitis, or other gastrointestinal conditions with increased risk of perforation,
History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, intra-abdominal abscess,
or symptomatic diverticulitis within 28 days of the first dose of study medication
- Known endobronchial lesions or involvement of large pulmonary vessels by tumor.
- Active or uncontrolled infection at the time of first dose of study medication
(bevacizumab) that, in the opinion of investigator, is clinically significant and
presents a safety risk to participation in the study.
- Prolongation of corrected QT interval (QTc) >480 milliseconds (msec).
- Previous positive test result for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody, as
determined on medical history.
- Any of the following within 6 months prior to the first dose of study medication
(bevacizumab): Cardiac angioplasty or stenting, Severe and/or unstable angina,
Myocardial infarction, Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), Class III or IV
congestive heart failure (as defined by the New York Heart Association [NYHA]),
Symptomatic peripheral vascular disease, Cardiac dysrhythmias of NCI CTCAE Grade 2 or
greater and atrial fibrillation of any grade.
- History of cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack
- Poorly controlled hypertension, defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) of geater
than or equal to 140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of geater than or equal
to 90 mmHg.
Note: Initiation or adjustment of antihypertensive medication(s) is permitted prior to
study entry. If antihypertensive medications are initiated or adjusted, blood pressure
must be re-assessed on two occasions that are separated by a minimum of 24 hours. The
SBP/DBP values from each blood pressure assessment must be geater than 140/90 mmHg in
order for a subject to be eligible for the study.
- History of pulmonary embolism or untreated deep venous thrombosis (DVT) within the
past 6 months Note: Subjects with recent DVT who have been treated with therapeutic
anti-coagulating agents for at least 6 weeks are eligible. As stated above, warfarin
should not be administered within 5 half-lives of the first dose of study medication.
- Internal metal medical devices or other metal items that may place the subject's
health at risk and/or interfere with MRI scans, including cardiac pacemakers, aortic
or cerebral aneurysm clips, artificial heart valves, ferromagnetic implants,
shrapnel, wire sutures, joint replacements, bone or joint pins/rods/screws/clips, or
non-removable metal jewellery (e.g., rings).
- History of hypersensitivity to gadolinium or other intravenous dye contrast agents.
- History of hypersensitivity to iodine-based contrast agents or history of severe
- Subjects with type II diabetes who are currently receiving metformin therapy and, in
the judgement of the investigator, would be unable to forego therapy for an
approximate 24-hour period around each [18F]FDG-PET procedure.
- Any other acute or chronic medical condition or abnormality (e.g., laboratory
abnormality) that, in the opinion of the investigator, may result in an unacceptable
safety risk to the subject from participation in this study (either due to
bevacizumab, pazopanib, or study procedures) or may interfere with the interpretation
of the subject's data, and therefore would make the subject inappropriate for entry
in this study.
- Pregnant females, as determined by positive serum Beta-hCG test at screening.
- Lactating females who are unwilling to discontinue nursing from the time of first
dose of study medication (bevacizumab) through 4 months after the last dose of study
medication (bevacizumab or pazopanib).
- Any serious and/or unstable pre-existing medical, psychiatric, or other conditions
that could interfere with subject's safety, obtaining informed consent or compliance
to the study.