A Randomized Phase II Study of Dose-Adjusted EPOCH-R and R-VACOP-B in Primary Mediastinal (Thymic) Large B-Cell Lymphoma
- To determine the complete response rate based on PET/CT scan criteria in patients with
primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMLCL) treated with dose-adjusted rituximab,
etoposide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, vincristine sulfate, cyclophosphamide, and
prednisone with or without bleomycin sulfate.
- To characterize the progression-free survival (PFS) of patients treated with these
- To assess the toxicity profiles associated with these regimens in these patients.
- To determine the prognostic significance of a mid-therapy PET scan and an
end-of-therapy PET scan in achieving complete response and in predicting 2-year PFS of
patients treated with these regimens.
- To explore the effect of involved-field radiotherapy on 2-year PFS of patients who are
PET positive at the end of chemotherapy.
- To explore the efficacy of an end-of-therapy PET/CT scan in predicting which patients
can avoid radiotherapy.
- To characterize the overall survival of patients treated with these regimens.
- To prospectively validate a pattern of immunohistochemical staining, including nuclear
c-REL, TRAF-1, c-JUN, and Gal1, to accurately distinguish PMLCL from other lymphoid
- To determine if levels of soluble CD30 correlate with disease activity in PMLCL.
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
- Arm I (EPOCH-R): Patients receive rituximab IV on day 1; etoposide IV, doxorubicin
hydrochloride IV, and vincristine sulfate IV continuously over 96 hours on days 1-4;
cyclophosphamide IV over 30 minutes on day 5; and oral prednisone twice daily on days
1-5. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease
progression or unacceptable toxicity.
- Arm II (R-VACOP-B): Patients receive rituximab IV and doxorubicin hydrochloride IV on
day 1 of weeks 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 11; cyclophosphamide IV over 30 minutes on day 1 of
weeks 1, 5, and 9; etoposide IV over 1 hour on day 1 and then orally on days 2 and 3 of
weeks 3, 7, and 11; bleomycin sulfate IV and vincristine sulfate IV on day 1 of weeks
2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12; and oral prednisone on days 1-7 of week 1 and then every other
day in weeks 2-10.
In both arms, patients undergo PET/CT scans at baseline, mid-therapy, and after completion
of chemotherapy. Patients with stable or progressive disease after completion of
chemotherapy are removed from the study. Patients with complete response undergo
observation. Patients with partial response undergo involved-field radiotherapy to any area
of bulky disease at diagnosis and to any FDG-avid area on PET scan 3-4 weeks after
completion of chemotherapy. These patients then undergo additional PET/CT scan at 8-10 weeks
after completion of radiotherapy.
Blood samples are collected at baseline, during mid-therapy restaging, and after completion
of chemotherapy for analysis of soluble CD30 levels by ELISA. Previously collected tissue
samples are obtained for biomarker analysis by IHC.
After completion of study therapy, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years and
then every 6 months for 3 years.
Allocation: Randomized, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Complete response rate
Kristie A. Blum, MD
Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
United States: Institutional Review Board