A Multicenter Trial of FDG-PET/CT Staging of Head and Neck Cancer and Its Impact on the N0 Neck Surgical Treatment in Head and Neck Cancer Patients
- Determine the negative predictive value of PET/CT imaging based upon pathologic
sampling of the neck lymph nodes in patients with head and neck cancer planning to
undergo N0 neck surgery.
- Determine the potential of PET/CT imaging to change treatment.
- Estimate the sensitivity and diagnostic yield of PET/CT imaging for detecting occult
metastasis in the clinical N0 neck (both by neck and lymph node regions) or other local
- Determine the effect of other factors (e.g., tumor size, location, secondary primary
tumors, or intensity of FDG uptake) that can lead to identification of subsets of
patients that could potentially forego neck dissection or that can provide preliminary
data for subsequent studies.
- Compare the cost-effectiveness of using PET/CT imaging for staging head and neck cancer
vs current good clinical practices.
- Evaluate the incidence of occult distant body metastasis discovered by whole-body
- Correlate PET/CT imaging findings with CT/MRI findings and biomarker results.
- Evaluate the quality of life of these patients, particularly of those patients whose
management could have been altered by imaging results.
- Evaluate PET/CT imaging and biomarker data for complementary contributions to
metastatic disease prediction.
- Compare baseline PET/CT imaging and biomarker data with 2-year follow up as an adjunct
assessment of their prediction of recurrence, disease-free survival, and overall
- Determine the proportion of neck dissections that are extended (i.e., additional levels
that clinicians intend to dissect beyond the initial surgery plan) based on
local-reader PET/CT imaging findings shared with the surgeon before dissection.
- Estimate the optimum cutoff value of standardized uptake values for diagnostic accuracy
of PET/CT imaging.
- Evaluate the impact of PET/CT imaging on the N0 neck across different tumor subsites
(defined by anatomic location).
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.
Patients undergo fludeoxyglucose F 18-PET/CT imaging. Approximately 14 days later, patients
undergo unilateral or bilateral neck dissection.
Patients complete quality-of-life questionnaires at baseline and at 1, 12, and 24 months
Patients undergo blood and tissue sample collection periodically for biomarker analysis.
Patients are followed up periodically for up to 2 years after surgery.
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Negative predictive value of PET/CT imaging for staging the N0 neck based upon pathologic sampling of the neck lymph nodes
Within Two Weeks Before Surgery
Val J. Lowe, MD
United States: NCI CIP
|Mayo Clinic Cancer Center||Rochester, Minnesota 55905|
|Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-4283|
|Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University - Philadelphia||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107|
|USC/Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center and Hospital||Los Angeles, California 90033-0804|
|Arkansas Cancer Research Center at University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences||Little Rock, Arkansas 72205|
|Wake Forest University Comprehensive Cancer Center||Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27157-1096|
|Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital - Saint Louis||St. Louis, Missouri 63110|
|Fox Chase Cancer Center - Philadelphia||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19111-2497|
|H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute at University of South Florida||Tampa, Florida 33612|
|Morton Plant Mease Cancer Care at Mease Countryside Hospital||Safety Harbor, Florida 34695|
|Jewish Hospital Heart and Lung Institute||Louisville, Kentucky 40245|