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A Phase I/II Study of Sorafenib With Combination of Thalidomide in Advanced or Metastatic Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Phase 1/Phase 2
18 Years
Not Enrolling
Hepatocellular Carcinoma

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Trial Information

A Phase I/II Study of Sorafenib With Combination of Thalidomide in Advanced or Metastatic Hepatocellular Carcinoma

This is a non-randomized, open-labeled, single-arm, multi-center, phase I /II clinical
study. The Phase I purpose of this study is to determine the maximal tolerable dose (MTD) of
thalidomide (THADO®) in combination with fixed dose of sorafenib (NEXAVAR®) for the
treatment of advanced or metastatic HCC, and the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) profiles and
other toxicity profiles in patients receiving fixed dose of sorafenib (NEXAVAR®) plus
escalating dose of thalidomide (THADO). The Phase II primary objective of this study is to
determine the disease control rate (complete response + partial response + stable disease)
for at least 4 months of sorafenib (NEXAVAR®) plus phase I determined MTD of thalidomide
(THADO®) in patients with advanced or metastatic HCC. The Phase II secondary objective of
this study is to determine the objective tumor response rate, the time to tumor progression,
the progression-free survival, the overall survival, and the safety and adverse event
profiles, the changes of circulating biomarkers relating to angiogenesis and their
correlation with disease control rate.

The sample size are required up to 24 patients for the phase I study and 53 patients for the
phase II study.

Sorafenib (NEXAVAR®): supplied to Good Manufacturing Practice standards by Bayer Health
Care, Taiwan as a film-coated tablet, each of which contains sorafenib tosylate (274mg)
equivalent to 200 mg of sorafenib. Thalidomide (THADO®): supplied to Good Manufacturing
Practice standards by TTY Biopharm Co., Ltd. as a white-yellow capsule, each of which
contains 50 mg of thalidomide.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients must be at least 18 years of age.

- With histologically or cytologically documented HCC or clinically diagnosed HCC.

- Advanced (surgically unresectable and unsuitable for local therapy), and/or
metastatic HCC, and/or patient refused local therapy.

- Performance status of ECOG score 0-2.

- Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.

- At least one tumor lesion that meets both of the following criteria:

- measurable (must be by CT-scan or MRI) in at least one dimension according to

- the lesion has not been previously treated with local therapy, such as radiation
therapy, hepatic arterial (chemo) embolization, radiofrequency ablation, and
percutaneous interventional therapy.

- Previous local therapy, such as radiotherapy, hepatic arterial (chemo)embolization,
radiofrequency ablation, percutaneous interventional therapy, is allowed but the
treatment must be completed at least 4 weeks prior to the baseline scan.

- Patients have adequate bone marrow reserves defined as:

- ANC ≧ 1,500/μl;

- Platelets count ≧ 75,000/μl;

- Hemoglobin ≧ 8.5 g/dl.

- Adequate liver and renal functions defined as:

- Child-Turcotte-Pugh score of 7 or lower (class A and well-compensated class B);

- Liver transaminase (ALT) ≦ 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN);

- Serum total bilirubin ≦ 3mg/dl;

- Serum albumin ≧ 2.8 g/dl;

- Prothrombin time (PT)-internal normalized ration (INR) ≦ 2.3 or partial thrombin
time (PTT) ≦ 6 seconds above control;

- Serum creatinine ≦ 1.5 x ULN.

- Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception,
prior to study entry, during treatment, and at least 3 months after last dose of

- Patients must understand the protocol and sign a written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Previous use of systemic anti-cancer therapy for HCC such as chemotherapy,
immunotherapy, and targeting therapy within 4 weeks to study entry.

- Patients with prior use of investigational drugs including sorafenib and thalidomide.

- Active cardiac disease, including CHF NYHA class > 2, active CAD, cardiac arrhythmias
requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy other than beta-blockers or digoxin, and
uncontrolled hypertension.

- Patients with hemorrhagic diathesis or have history of active bleeding with 30 days
prior to study entry.

- History of HIV infection.

- Active or uncontrolled infections requiring antibiotics treatment.

- Metastatic brain or leptomeningeal tumours unless the patients is > 6 months from
definitive therapy, has negative imaging study within 4 weeks of study entry, and is
clinically stable with respect to the tumour at the time of study entry.

- With seizure disorder requiring medication (such as steroids or anti-epileptics).

- History of organ allograft.

- Undergoing renal dialysis.

- Previous or concurrent cancer that is distinct in primary site or histology from the
cancer being evaluated in this study EXCEPT cervical carcinoma in situ, treated basal
cell carcinoma, superficial bluffer tumours [Ta, Tis & T1] or any cancer curatively
treated > 3 years prior to study entry.

- Pregnant or breast-feeding patients.

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Terms of efficacy assessment: objective tumor response, overall survival, progression-free survival. Terms of safety assessment: adverse effects, laboratory values.

Outcome Time Frame:

The overall survival will be measured from the time the patient has started protocol treatment to the date of the patient's death. 2. An interim analysis of safety profiles will be reviewed by safety committee.

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Chung Hu Chan, MD, PHD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan


Taiwan: Department of Health

Study ID:




Start Date:

July 2009

Completion Date:

December 2011

Related Keywords:

  • Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Carcinoma
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular