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Phase I Biochemotherapy With Cisplatin, Temozolomide, With Increasing Doses of Abraxane, Combined With Interleukin-2 and Interferon in Patients With Metastatic Melanoma


Phase 1
18 Years
65 Years
Not Enrolling
Both
Melanoma

Thank you

Trial Information

Phase I Biochemotherapy With Cisplatin, Temozolomide, With Increasing Doses of Abraxane, Combined With Interleukin-2 and Interferon in Patients With Metastatic Melanoma


The Study Drugs:

Cisplatin, nab-paclitaxel, and temozolomide are chemotherapy drugs and have a direct effect
on melanoma cells. Interferon alfa-2b and IL-2 are biotherapy drugs that stimulate the
immune system to fight against melanoma. The combination of chemotherapy and biotherapy
drugs is called biochemotherapy.

This is the first study using these drugs in combination.

Catheter:

If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will have a central venous
catheter (CVC) inserted, if you do not already have one. The catheter is passed through the
veins of your arm or the veins that run under your collar bone to reach a wide central vein
in the chest that runs above your heart. You will receive a separate consent form for this
procedure, which describes the risks.

Nab-paclitaxel, cisplatin, and interleukin-2 are given through this catheter. In certain
situations, blood can also be drawn from this catheter.

Study Drug Dose Levels:

You will be assigned to a dose level of nab-paclitaxel based on when you joined this study.
Up to 3 dose levels of nab-paclitaxel will be tested. Up to 6 participants will be enrolled
at each dose level. The first group of participants will receive the lowest dose level.
Each new group will receive a higher dose than the group before it, if no intolerable side
effects were seen. This will continue until the highest tolerable dose of nab-paclitaxel
that can be given in combination with the other drugs is found.

All participants will receive the same dose level of temozolomide, cisplatin, interferon
alfa-2b, and IL-2.

Study Drug Administration:

Each study cycle will last 3-5 weeks. The length of each cycle will depend on your recovery
from the study drugs.

On Day 1 of each cycle:

- You will take temozolomide by mouth.

- You will receive nab-paclitaxel over about 30 minutes by vein about 1 hour after you
take temozolomide.

- You will then receive cisplatin by vein. Each infusion of cisplatin will take about
45-120 minutes.

- You will receive interferon alfa-2b by injection into fatty tissue.

- You will begin your IL-2 infusion. The infusion will begin after you receive cisplatin
and will continue non-stop until Day 5.

On Day 2 of each cycle:

- You will take temozolomide by mouth.

- You will receive cisplatin by vein about 1 hour after you take temozolomide.

- You will receive interferon alfa-2b by injection into fatty tissue.

On Day 3 of each cycle:

- You will take temozolomide by mouth.

- You will receive cisplatin by vein about 1 hour after you take temozolomide.

- You will receive interferon alfa-2b by injection into fatty tissue.

- Blood (up to 4 teaspoons total) will be drawn for routine tests and tests to check for
infection in the blood.

On Day 4 of each cycle:

- You will receive cisplatin by vein.

- You will receive interferon alfa-2b by injection into fatty tissue.

- Blood (up to 4 teaspoons) will be drawn for routine tests.

On Day 5 of each cycle:

- You will receive nab-paclitaxel by vein over about 30 minutes.

- You will receive interferon alfa-2b by injection into fatty tissue.

- Blood (up to 4 teaspoons) will be drawn for routine tests.

Depending on how your body reacts to the study drugs, you will stay in the hospital for 7 or
more days.

After you are discharged from the hospital, blood (up to 4 teaspoons) will be drawn 2 times
a week for routine tests.

Study Visits:

Before starting each cycle of treatment:

- Your medical history will be recorded.

- You will have a physical exam.

- Blood (about 1-2 tablespoons) will be drawn for routine tests and to check your blood
counts.

- You will have a chest x-ray.

After every 2 cycles of treatment, you will have CT scans and an MRI scan of the brain to
check the status of the disease. If you have disease in the bone, you will have a PET/CT to
check the status of the disease.

If you have skin lesions, you will have them photographed to check the status of the
disease.

Length of Study:

You may receive up to 6 cycles of the study drugs. You will be taken off study early if the
disease gets worse or intolerable side effects occur.

Follow-Up Contact:

If you are having follow-up visits with a doctor who is not at M. D. Anderson, you will be
called 2-4 times a year to learn what treatments you may be receiving and how are you doing.
You will continue to receive these calls for as long as possible. The phone calls will take
about 5 minutes.

This is an investigational study. Nab-paclitaxel is FDA approved and commercially available
for breast cancer. Temozolomide is FDA approved and commercially available for brain cancer.
Cisplatin is FDA approved and commercially available for testicular, ovarian, and bladder
cancers. Interferon is FDA approved and commercially available for patients with melanoma
who are having surgery. IL-2 is FDA approved and commercially available for melanoma and
kidney cancer. The combination of these drugs is investigational.

Up to 24 patients will be take part in this study. All will be enrolled at M. D. Anderson.


Inclusion Criteria:



1. Patients with histologically documented diagnosis of advanced stage IV or
unresectable stage III melanoma are eligible.

2. They should have recurrent melanoma with measurable or evaluable sites of disease,
1.0 cm or larger, in order to assess the response to treatment by RECIST.

3. They should not have been exposed to any previous chemotherapy or isolation perfusion
for malignant melanoma and have had no previous exposure to interleukin-2. Prior
adjuvant interferon is permitted.Prior radiation therapy for metastatic melanoma is
permitted provided the patient has un-irradiated metastatic sites for response
evaluation and has fully recovered from its toxicity.

4. Patients between 18 years of age and 65 years of age with an expected survival
greater than 8 weeks and a Karnofsky performance status of 50% or better or an ECOG
performance status of 0, 1 or 2 will be eligible.

5. They should have normal blood counts with a WBC count of more than or equal to
3000/mm^3 an absolute neutrophil count of more than or equal to 1500/mm^3 and a
platelet count of more than 100,000/mm^3 and have no impairment of renal function
(serum creatinine less than 1.1 mg/dl for females and less than 1.4 mg/dl for males),
hepatic function (serum bilirubin level of less than 1.2 mg/dl) and no evidence of
significant cardiac or pulmonary dysfunction.

6. They should have no significant intercurrent illness such as an active infection,
uncontrolled psychiatric illness, hypercalcemia (calcium greater than 11 mg), or
active GI bleeding.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Patients with bone metastases only.

2. Patients with brain metastases unless their disease has been resected and they are
off corticosteroids. Patients with spinal cord compression and leptomeningeal
disease. No major surgery or radiation therapy within 21 days before starting
treatment.

3. Patients with significant cardiac illness such as symptomatic coronary artery disease
or previous history of myocardial infarction, impaired left ventricle function (EF
less than 55%) on account of any organic disease such as hypertension or valvular
heart disease or serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring therapy. Patients with an EKG
disclosing an absolute QT interval greater than 460 msec in the presence of serum
potassium greater than or equal 4.0 mEq/L and magnesium greater than/=1.8 mg/dL.

4. Patients with significant impairment of pulmonary function on account of chronic
bronchitis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) which has resulted in
impairment of vital capacity of FEV1 to less than 75% of predicted normal values.

5. Patients with symptomatic effusions on account of pleural, pericardial or peritoneal
metastases of melanoma.

6. Patients who are unable to stay in Houston to receive therapy (first cycle) and/or
unable to return for follow-up visits as required by this study.

7. Patients with a history of second malignant tumor, other than the common skin cancers
- basal and squamous carcinomas, within the past 5 years and uncertainty about the
histological nature of the metastatic lesions.

8. Patients with history of DVT or PE are excluded.

Type of Study:

Interventional

Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Response Rate

Outcome Time Frame:

Radiographic studies (CT, MRI scans) to assess disease response after every two cycles (one cycle=21 days).

Safety Issue:

No

Principal Investigator

Nicholas E. Papadopoulos, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Authority:

United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:

2009-0124

NCT ID:

NCT00970996

Start Date:

September 2009

Completion Date:

December 2012

Related Keywords:

  • Melanoma
  • Melanoma
  • Abraxane
  • Nab-paclitaxel
  • Paclitaxel (protein-bound)
  • ABI-007
  • Cisplatin
  • Platinol-AQ
  • Platinol
  • CDDP
  • Interleukin 2
  • IL-2
  • Proleukin
  • Intron A
  • Interferon alpha 2b
  • Interferon alfa-2b
  • Temodar
  • Temozolomide
  • Melanoma

Name

Location

U.T. M.D. Anderson Cancer CenterHouston, Texas  77030