Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation in CML With Partial T Cell Depletion and Preemptive Donor Lymphocyte Infusion.
Patients were conditioned with oral busulfan 12mg/kg (days -6 to -4), cyclophosphamide
120mg/kg (days -3,-2), rabbit antithymocytic globulin, (Fresenius, Bad Hamburg, Germany)
25mg/kg (days -5 to -1) and fludarabine 200 mg/kg (days -7 to-3). Final busulfan dose was
individually determined based on measurements of serum busulfan levels with a target dose of
850-1400 microM x minute.
Transplants were performed in reverse isolation rooms equipped with high-efficiency
particulate air filtration systems (HEPA). No post-transplant GvHD prophylaxis was given.
Post-transplant infection prophylaxis consisted of acyclovir, itraconazole,
trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and penicillin VK. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) status was determined
weekly using PCR for CMV-DNA and pp65 antigenemia in blood leukocytes, followed by
preemptive ganciclovir administration when positive.
Donors Donors were human leukocyte antigen (HLA) A,B,C serologically matched and DR and DQ
molecularly matched siblings. Donor stem cells were collected following mobilization with
10 µg/kg/day G-CSF, given subcutaneously for 5 consecutive days. CD34 cells were positively
selected using anti-CD34 antibody conjugated to iron-dextran microbeads using CliniMACS
device (Miltenyi Biotech, Bergisch Gladbach, Germany) with an aim to collect > 5.0 x 106
Disease monitoring Following transplant, all patients were under close surveillance for the
presence of minimal residual disease (MRD) using cytogenetic analysis and PCR for the
detection of BCR/ABL transcripts. Bone marrow and peripheral blood samples were examined
every 3 months in the first year post transplant and every 3-6 months in the subsequent
PCR method: RQ-PCR was performed according to the Europe Against Cancer (EAC) protocol.19
The BCR-ABL and ABL copy numbers were calculated by comparing with the standard curve
generated using IPSOGEN FusionQuant Standards. The results of quantifying BCR-ABL
transcripts were expressed as percentage ratios relative to total ABL transcripts.
A minimum number of 1x104 copies of ABL is the lower limit below which a negative RT-PCR was
considered unreliable. In the molecular biology laboratory of the Rambam Health Care Campus
the sensitivity for quantitative Q-PCR is (10-5).
Donor leukocyte infusion (DLI). DLI was administered in escalating dose regimen starting
from 3 x 106 cells/kg followed as necessary by 1 x 107 cells/kg, 5 x 107 cells/kg and 1 x
DLI was used in case of persistence/reappearance of BCR-ABL transcripts starting from 6
months post transplant onward. In instances where more than 1 DLI was administered the
successive escalated dose was given at ≥ 3-month intervals as dictated by MRD follow-up.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Disease free survival
The outcome is assessed at the end of transplant and every 3-6 months thereafter continuously.
Jacob M Rowe, MD
Rambam Health Care Campus
Israel: Ministry of Health