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A Phase I/II Study of Azacitidine in Combination With Lenalidomide for Previously Untreated Elderly Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Phase 1/Phase 2
60 Years
Not Enrolling
Leukemia, Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia

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Trial Information

A Phase I/II Study of Azacitidine in Combination With Lenalidomide for Previously Untreated Elderly Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Inclusion Criteria:

- WHO-confirmed AML, other than APL

- White blood cell count (WBC) at initiation of treatment <= 10,000

- If WBC is > 10,000 patients may be started on an appropriate dose of hydroxyurea
(to be determined by the investigators), until WBC < 10,000, at which time the
hydroxyurea will be discontinued for 24 hours prior to enrollment

- Age >= 60 years and not a candidate for allogeneic stem cell transplantation

- Unwilling or unable to receive conventional chemotherapy

- No prior therapy, with the exception of supportive care measures such as growth
factor support, blood product transfusions, apheresis or hydroxyurea

- ECOG performance status <= 2 (See Appendix C for definitions)

- Life expectancy > 2 months

- All study participants must be registered into the mandatory RevAssist® program, and
be willing and able to comply with the requirements of RevAssist

- Females of childbearing potential (FCBP)† must have a negative serum or urine
pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 50 mIU/mL 10 - 14 days prior to study
enrollment and again within 24 hours of prescribing lenalidomide (prescriptions must
be filled within 7 days) and must either commit to continued abstinence from
heterosexual intercourse or begin two acceptable methods of birth control, one highly
effective method and one additional effective method at the same time, at least 28
days before she starts taking lenalidomide. FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy
testing. Men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even
if they have had a successful vasectomy. (See Appendix A: Risks of Fetal Exposure,
Pregnancy Testing Guidelines and Acceptable Birth Control Methods).

- Willing and able to understand and voluntarily sign a written informed consent

- Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements

Exclusion Criteria:

- Prior therapy with lenalidomide

- Relapsed or refractory disease

- History of intolerance to thalidomide or development of erythema nodosum while taking
thalidomide or similar drugs

- Known or suspected hypersensitivity to azacitidine or mannitol

- Patients with advanced malignant hepatic tumors.

- Concomitant treatment with other anti-neoplastic agents, with the exception of

- Anti-neoplastic treatment less than four weeks prior to enrollment, with the
exception of hydroxyurea

- Use of any other experimental drug or therapy within 28 days of baseline

- Inability to swallow or absorb drug

- Active opportunistic infection or treatment for opportunistic infection within four
weeks of first day of study drug dosing

- New York Heart Association Class III or IV heart failure

- Unstable angina pectoris

- Uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia

- Uncontrolled psychiatric illness that would limit compliance with requirements

- Known HIV infection

- Pregnant or breast feeding females; lactating females must agree not to breast feed
while taking lenalidomide

- Other medical or psychiatric illness or organ dysfunction or laboratory abnormality
which in the opinion of the investigator would compromise the patient's safety or
interfere with data interpretation

- Laboratory abnormalities:

- Either creatinine >=1.5 mg/dL or creatinine clearance <=50 mL/min

- Total bilirubin > 1.5 x institutional ULN (unless documented Gilbert's syndrome)

- AST and ALT > 2.5 x institutional ULN

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

CR rate and remission duration, to be measured after Phase II

Outcome Time Frame:


Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Bruno Carneiro de Medeiros

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Stanford University


United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:




Start Date:

April 2009

Completion Date:

June 2012

Related Keywords:

  • Leukemia
  • Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia
  • AML
  • Leukemia
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
  • Leukemia, Myeloid



Stanford University School of Medicine Stanford, California  94305-5317