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Lenalidomide Following Rituximab and Fludarabine in Untreated Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Phase 2
18 Years
Not Enrolling
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

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Trial Information

Lenalidomide Following Rituximab and Fludarabine in Untreated Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

This is a single institution Phase II study where all enrolled patients with untreated CLL
will receive fludarabine and rituximab (FR) combination therapy. Subjects who demonstrate
Stable disease or Progressive disease after completing 3 cycles of FR will receive
lenalidomide monotherapy for a maximum of 6 cycles. Subjects who achieve >/= PR after
receiving 3 cycles of FR will receive 3 additional cycles of FR (maximum of 6 cycles). Upon
completion of FR treatment subjects will receive lenalidomide monotherapy for a maximum of 6

Response assessment will be performed for Module A (FR): after every cycle, but would
include imaging after cycle 3 if clinically indicated. Response assessment will be
performed for Module B (Lenalidomide monotherapy): Before starting Lenalidomide therapy,
after every cycle and on completion of therapy. Imaging for Module B would be obtained
before starting lenalidomide therapy, and on completion of therapy. Bone marrow biopsies
will be performed prior to starting therapy in Module A (FR), prior to starting Module B
(Lenalidomide), and on completion of Module B. Bone marrow biopsies can be obtained once
during Lenalidomide therapy at the discretion of the investigator. Minimum residual disease
assessment of bone marrow specimens should include immunohistochemistries and flow
cytometry. Additional studies on bone marrow specimens will be sent for flow cytometric
analysis (standard or four color flow), ZAP-70 immunohistochemical stains and FISH analysis
(13q deletion, trisomy 12, 11q deletion, and 17p) will be performed at the time intervals
described above.

Response will be assessed according to the Cheson Criteria.

Blood specimens for optional correlative studies will be drawn on Day 0 prior to FR, prior
to starting lenalidomide, 90 days after initiation of lenalidomide, and 7 days after the
last dose of lenalidomide.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Understand and voluntarily sign informed consent form

- No prior therapy for CLL

- Able to adhere to study visit schedule and other protocol requirements

- CLL with any Rai Stage requiring therapy

- ECOG performance status
- Absolute neutrophil count >/= 1.0

- Platelet count >/= 75

- Serum creatinine
- Total bilirubin
- AST and ALT
- Females of childbearing potential must have negative pregnancy test

- Disease free of prior malignancies for >/= 5 years

- Able to take aspirin daily as prophylactic anticoagulation

Exclusion Criteria:

- Any serious medical condition, lab abnormality, or psychiatric illness that would
prevent the subject from signing the informed consent form

- Pregnant or lactating females

- Any condition, including the presence of lab abnormalities, which places the subject
at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study

- Use of any other experimental drug or therapy within 28 days of baseline

- Concurrent use of other anti-cancer agents or treatments

- Known positive for HIV or infectious active hepatitis, type A, B

- Known hypersensitivity to nucleoside analogue or rituximab

- Previous treatment for CLL prior to enrolling in study

- Known hypersensitivity to thalidomide

- The development of erythema nodosum if characterized by desquamating rash while
taking thalidomide or similar drugs

- Any prior use of lenalidomide

- Active hemolysis

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Complete response rate

Outcome Time Frame:

3 years

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Bruce D Cheson, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Georgetown University


United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:




Start Date:

February 2008

Completion Date:

February 2012

Related Keywords:

  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Leukemia
  • Leukemia
  • Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
  • Leukemia, Lymphoid



Lombardi Cancer Center at Georgetown University Medical Center Washington, District of Columbia  20007