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A Phase I/II Study of Combination Dasatinib and Lenalidomide in Purine Analogue-Failed Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Phase 1/Phase 2
18 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Leukemia

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Trial Information

A Phase I/II Study of Combination Dasatinib and Lenalidomide in Purine Analogue-Failed Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

CLL is an incurable disease with current therapies. Modern chemoimmunotherapies, including
combinations of rituximab and purine nucleoside analogues (fludarabine, cladribine, and
pentostatin), offer the possibility for improved survival, but all patients will eventually
relapse. Patients with relapsed or refractory disease will only experience diminishing
benefits with additional lines of therapy. In addition, patients with high-risk CLL have
poor responses to even first-line therapies. Lenalidomide and dasatinib have non-overlapping
proposed mechanisms of action. Single agent phase II studies with lenalidomide and
dasatinib have demonstrated responses in heavily pretreated and high-risk patients. For
these reasons, we propose to treat patients with relapsed and/or refractory CLL to purine
nucleoside analogue therapy with combination lenalidomide and dasatinib.

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Understand and voluntarily sign a written informed consent including a HIPAA form
according to institutional guidelines

2. Age ≥18 years at the time of signing the informed consent form.

3. Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements.

4. Immunophenotypically confirmed diagnosis of B-CLL, who either have Rai stage III/IV
disease or require treatment for Rai stage I/II disease as defined by criteria based
on the NCI 1996 guidelines (Appendix VII and IX).

5. Relapsed and/or refractory disease to a purine nucleoside analogue (pentostatin,
fludarabine, or cladribine). Relapse is defined as a patient who has previously
achieved the clinicopathologic criteria for a CR or PR, but after a period of ≥ 6
months demonstrates evidence of disease progression. Refractory is defined as a
patient progressing on therapy or who cannot maintain at least a PR for ≥ 6 months
(Appendix IV). The patient may have had therapy subsequent to receiving a purine
nucleoside analogue, but must also have relapsed or been refractory to this most
recent therapy (Appendix IV).

6. ECOG performance status of ≤ 2 at study entry (see Appendix X).

7. Laboratory test results within these ranges:

- Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,000/mm3

- Platelet count ≥ 50,000/mm³

- Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dL. Subjects with serum creatinine > 1.5 mg/dL may be
eligible if they have creatinine clearance of ≥ 60 mL/min by Cockroft-Gault

- Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL

- AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤ 2 x ULN or ≤ 5 x ULN if hepatic metastases are

8. Disease free of prior malignancies for ≥ 5 years with exception of currently treated
basal cell, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma "insitu" of the cervix
or breast. Patients with low- and intermediate-risk prostate cancer who have had
either local therapy (radiation or surgery) or are actively receiving hormonal
therapy will also be allowed. Patients being observed with "watchful waiting" will
be excluded. Low- and intermediate-risk prostate cancer will be defined as PSA ≤ 20,
Gleason score ≤ 7, and AJCC clinical stage of ≤ T2b.

9. Females of childbearing potential (FCBP)† must have a negative serum or urine
pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 50 mIU/mL within 10 - 14 days prior to
and again within 24 hours of starting lenalidomide and must either commit to
continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of
birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE
SAME TIME, at least 28 days before she starts taking lenalidomide. FCBP must also
agree to ongoing pregnancy testing. Men must agree to use a latex condom during
sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a successful vasectomy. All
patients must be counseled at a minimum of every 28 days about pregnancy precautions
and risks of fetal exposure. See Appendix I: Risks of Fetal Exposure, Pregnancy
Testing Guidelines and Acceptable Birth Control Methods, AND also Appendix II:
Education and Counseling Guidance Document.

10. Ability to take oral medication (dasatinib and lenalidomide must be swallowed whole).

11. Concomitant Medications

- Patient agrees to discontinue St. Johns Wort while receiving dasatinib therapy
(discontinue St. Johns Wort at least 5 days before starting dasatinib)

- Bisphosphonate use will be restricted

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that
would prevent the subject from signing the informed consent form.

2. Pregnant or breast feeding females. (Lactating females must agree not to breast feed
while taking lenalidomide and/or dasatinib)

3. Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the
subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds
the ability to interpret data from the study.

4. Use of any other experimental drug or therapy within 28 days of baseline.

5. Known hypersensitivity to thalidomide

6. The development of erythema nodosum if characterized by a desquamating rash while
taking thalidomide or similar drugs.

7. Any prior use of lenalidomide or dasatinib

8. Known positive for HIV or infectious hepatitis, type A, B or C.

9. Prisoners or subjects who are compulsorily detained (involuntarily incarcerated) for
treatment of either a psychiatric or physical (e.g., infectious) illness

10. Women who:

- are unwilling or unable to use an acceptable method to avoid pregnancy for the
entire study period and for at least 4 weeks after cessation of study drug, or

- have a positive pregnancy test at baseline, or

- are pregnant or breastfeeding

11. Concomitant Medications, any of the following should be considered for exclusion:

- Category I drugs that are generally accepted to have a risk of causing Torsades
de Pointes including: (Patients must discontinue drug 7 days prior to starting

- quinidine, procainamide, disopyramide

- amiodarone, sotalol, ibutilide, dofetilide

- erythromycin, clarithromycin

- chlorpromazine, haloperidol, mesoridazine, thioridazine, pimozide

- cisapride, bepridil, droperidol, methadone, arsenic, chloroquine, domperidone,
halofantrine, levomethadyl, pentamidine, sparfloxacin, lidoflazine

12. History of significant bleeding disorder unrelated to cancer, including:

- Diagnosed congenital bleeding disorders (e.g., von Willebrand's disease)

- Diagnosed acquired bleeding disorder within one year (e.g., acquired anti-factor
VIII antibodies)

- Ongoing or recent (≤ 3 months) significant bleeding from any cause

13. Cardiac Symptoms; any of the following should be considered for exclusion:

- Uncontrolled angina, congestive heart failure or MI within (6 months)

- Diagnosed congenital long QT syndrome

- Any history of clinically significant ventricular arrhythmias (such as
ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, or Torsades de pointes)

- Prolonged QTc interval on pre-entry electrocardiogram (> 450 msec)

- Subjects with hypokalemia or hypomagnesemia if it cannot be corrected prior to
dasatinib administration

14. Concurrent medical condition which may increase the risk of toxicity, including:

• Pleural or pericardial effusion of any grade

15. Evidence of laboratory TLS by Cairo-Bishop criteria (Appendix XIII) (subjects may be
enrolled upon correction of electrolyte abnormalities)

16. Patients with an increased risk for thromboembolic events at baseline, including
patients with a history of prior thrombosis

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Safety and maximum tolerated dose (phase I) and overall response rate (phase II)

Outcome Time Frame:

6 months

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Darren Sigal, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Staff Scripps Cancer Center


United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:




Start Date:

January 2009

Completion Date:

June 2010

Related Keywords:

  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Leukemia
  • CLL
  • dasatinib
  • lenalidomide
  • sprycel
  • revlimid
  • CLL relapsed or refractory to fludarabine
  • Leukemia
  • Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
  • Leukemia, Lymphoid



Scripps Cancer CenterLa Jolla, California  92037