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A Cancer Research UK Phase I/II Open Label Study to Evaluate the Safety, Endocrine Effects and Anti-tumour Activity of Abiraterone Acetate (CB7630) in Patients With Oestrogen (ER) or Androgen Receptor (AR) Positive Advanced or Metastatic Breast Carcinoma


Phase 1/Phase 2
18 Years
N/A
Open (Enrolling)
Female
Breast Cancer

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Trial Information

A Cancer Research UK Phase I/II Open Label Study to Evaluate the Safety, Endocrine Effects and Anti-tumour Activity of Abiraterone Acetate (CB7630) in Patients With Oestrogen (ER) or Androgen Receptor (AR) Positive Advanced or Metastatic Breast Carcinoma


OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- To evaluate the safety and tolerability of abiraterone acetate in postmenopausal women
with estrogen receptor- or androgen receptor-positive advanced or metastatic breast
cancer. (Phase I)

- To determine the recommended phase II dose of this drug in these patients. (Phase I)

- To evaluate the clinical benefit rate of this drug at 24 weeks in these patients.
(Phase II)

Secondary

- To study the pharmacokinetics of this drug in these patients. (Phase I)

- To determine the endocrine impact of this drug on the pituitary-adrenal-gonad endocrine
axis. (Phase I)

- To estimate the duration of objective tumor response in these patients. (Phase II)

- To correlate response rates and duration of response with the endocrine profile in
these patients. (Phase II)

- To determine overall survival of these patients. (Phase II)

Tertiary

- To enumerate and molecularly characterize circulating tumor cells.

- To identify normal genetic variations that predict resistance to this drug using
pharmacogenomic analysis.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, phase I study followed by a phase II study. Patients
enrolled in the phase II portion of the study are stratified according to hormone receptor
status (estrogen receptor [ER]-positive and any androgen receptor [AR] status vs AR-positive
and ER-negative).

Patients receive oral abiraterone acetate once daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every
28 days for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Blood samples are collected periodically and analyzed for pharmacokinetic assays (phase I
only), pharmacodynamic assays, circulating tumor cells, and pharmacogenomic analysis.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed for 28 days.

Peer Reviewed and Funded or Endorsed by Cancer Research UK.

Inclusion Criteria


Inclusion Criteria

1. Histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced or metastatic breast carcinoma

2. Evidence of disease progression (off treatment) prior to trial commencement.

3. All patients must have received previous treatment in the adjuvant or metastatic
setting:

- ER+ patients must have received at least two types of hormone therapy (e.g.
aromatase inhibitors and Tamoxifen)

- HER2+ patients must have received Herceptin plus at least one other line of
chemotherapy

- HER - ER- patients must have received at least one line of chemotherapy

4. Post-menopausal defined by:

1. Aged > 60 years or

2. Aged 45-59 years with intact uterus and amenorrhoeic for at least 12 months or

3. Aged > 40 years (has not received chemotherapy in the past 12 months) and no
menstrual periods for 12 consecutive months (no other biological/physiological
cause identified) and hormone levels are consistent with post menopausal status
or

4. Aged > 18 years having had a bilateral surgical oophorectomy.

5. Either ER+ (any AR) or AR+ (ER-) disease (by immunohistochemistry)

6. For Phase II only: Measurable disease by RECIST criteria.

7. Life expectancy of at least 3 months.

8. World Health Organization (WHO) performance status of 0-2 (Appendix 1).

9. Haematological and biochemical indices within the ranges shown below. These
measurements must be performed within one week before the patient goes on study.

Lab Test Value required Haemoglobin (Hb) ≥9.0 g/dl Neutrophils ≥1.5 x 10^9/L
Platelets ≥100 x 10^9/L Total bilirubin ≤1.5 x upper normal limit (ULN) Alanine
aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 2.5 x ULN (5 x ULN in
the presence of liver metastases) Creatinine clearance

Or:

Creatinine ≥50 ml/min

< 1.5 x ULN

10. Normal potassium and magnesium levels.

11. Normal baseline ACTH stimulation test

12. Systolic blood pressure < 160 and diastolic < 95 mmHg documented on at least 3
different occasions. Hypertension currently under control is permitted.

13. Cardiac Ejection Fraction > or = 50% measured by MUGA scan / ECHO

14. Written (signed and dated) informed consent and be capable of co-operating with
treatment and follow-up.

Exclusion Criteria

1. Anti-cancer therapy including radiotherapy (except for palliative reasons), any
endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, chemotherapy, or use of other investigational
agents within four weeks prior to trial entry (six weeks for nitrosoureas and
Mitomycin-C).

2. ER-and AR- breast cancer by immunohistochemistry.

3. Persistent grade 2 or greater toxicities from any cause (Exceptions to this are
alopecia or certain Grade 2 toxicities, which in the opinion of the Investigator and
the Drug Development Office (DDO) should not exclude the patient.).

4. Patients with known Central Nervous System (CNS) disease (primary or secondary) or
leptomeningeal disease because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop
progressive neurological dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of
neurological and other adverse events.

5. Gastrointestinal disorders interfering with absorption of the study drug.

6. Difficulties with swallowing study capsules/tablets.

7. Clinical and/or biochemical evidence of hyperaldosteronism or hypopituitarism.

8. History of thromboembolic disease within 12 months of commencing this trial.

9. Psychiatric disorders or altered mental status precluding understanding of the
informed consent process and/or completion of the necessary studies.

10. Major thoracic and/or abdominal surgery or significant traumatic injury within 4
weeks prior to trial entry from which the patient has not recovered.

11. At high medical risk because of non-malignant systemic disease including active
infection or serious concurrent illness.

12. Active or uncontrolled autoimmune disease that may require corticosteroid therapy
during protocol treatment.

13. Known immunocompromised patients, e.g. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).

14. Current malignancies at other sites, with the exception of adequately treated
cone-biopsied in situ carcinoma of the cervix uteri and basal or squamous cell
carcinoma of the skin. Cancer survivors, who have undergone potentially curative
therapy for a prior malignancy, have no evidence of that disease for five years and
are deemed at low risk for recurrence, are eligible for the study.

15. Significant cardiovascular disease as defined by:

1. Congestive heart failure with severity NYHA III or IV (see Appendix 4);

2. History of unstable angina pectoris or myocardial infarction up to 6 months
prior to trial entry;

3. Presence of severe valvular heart disease;

4. Presence of a ventricular arrhythmia requiring treatment.

16. Any other condition which in the Investigator's opinion would not make the patient a
good candidate for the clinical trial.

Type of Study:

Interventional

Study Design:

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Causality of each adverse event and grading severity as measured by NCI CTCAE v3.0 (Phase I)

Safety Issue:

Yes

Principal Investigator

Johann Sebastian de Bono, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Cancer Research UK

Authority:

United Kingdom: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Study ID:

CDR0000614059

NCT ID:

NCT00755885

Start Date:

October 2008

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Breast Cancer
  • stage IIIA breast cancer
  • stage IIIB breast cancer
  • stage IIIC breast cancer
  • stage IV breast cancer
  • recurrent breast cancer
  • estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer
  • progesterone receptor-positive breast cancer
  • Breast Neoplasms

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