Workplace Tobacco Cessation And Oral Cancer Screening Study
The prevalence of tobacco use in India among men has been reported to be high in most parts
(generally exceeding 50%). It's use is more common in rural areas as compared to urban
areas. Oral cancer, the main cause of which is tobacco, is common in men in developing
countries and the most common cancer among men in India. The five year survival rate for
oral and pharyngeal cancers even in premier institute like the Tata Memorial Hospital ranges
from a poor 8% (hypo pharynx) to 43% (lower lip). Evidence has shown that cessation is the
only intervention with the potential to reduce tobacco related mortality in the short- term
and medium- term. An emphasis on prevention of tobacco consumption will, in the short run,
only have a limited positive effect on tobacco related morbidity and mortality, as
prevention strategies do not affect existing consumers. Workplace tobacco cessation
activities in India are still in rudimentary stage.
In the proposed study of one year duration, professional help in the form focus group
discussion, one to one counseling and pharmacotherapy will be provided to the employees by a
team of doctors and counsellors from Tata Memorial Hospital. Self reporting of tobacco
history will be validated with Biochemical test. This will add objectivity to the programme,
so that, if successful, it can be replicated as a model to promote tobacco control
activities at other workplaces. Naked eye examination of oral cavity of all employees for
detection of oral pre-cancers and cancers will be done by doctors from the Tata Memorial
Hospital. The employees with lesions may be referred for further management, if required.
Nursing staff and Doctors attached to the industry and from the local referral hospital will
be invited to participate as trainees during the active intervention sessions.
The long term objective of this initiative is to establish a model workplace tobacco
cessation and oral cancer screening programme. It will contribute to the human resource and
infrastructure development for tobacco cessation services at the industrial unit and at the
local referral hospital. Proposed tobacco cessation services in the chemical industry would
be of great help for boosting Anti - Tobacco Activities not only in the particular factory
unit but also in the nearby industrial and residential zone.
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
The prevalence of tobacco use and the the change in Knowledge, Attitude and Practices during post intervention. The reasons for initiation and continuation of tobacco consumption habit. The tobacco quit rates.
India: Indian Council of Medical Research