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The Feasibility of a Motivational Enhancement Approach to Skin Cancer Prevention in a Sample of Young Adult Patients

18 Years
30 Years
Not Enrolling
Ultraviolet Rays, Motivation

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Trial Information

The Feasibility of a Motivational Enhancement Approach to Skin Cancer Prevention in a Sample of Young Adult Patients

Although skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States, it is highly
preventable by reducing exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. However, recent primary
prevention efforts have been inadequate in evoking behavior change, as manifested by
increasing rates of ultraviolet radiation exposure, particularly among young adults. These
findings indicate the need to research novel approaches to skin cancer prevention.

Motivational enhancement techniques facilitate patient-centered, directive discussions
wherein practitioners provide clear structure and encourage patients to play an active role
in the consultation. The use of motivational enhancement techniques for health behavior
change in medical settings has thus far yielded encouraging results for other health
behavior change topics, but research has not yet investigated the application of these
techniques to skin cancer prevention discussions.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Dermatology patient presenting for scheduled appointment

- 18-30 years old

Exclusion Criteria:

- Seeking treatment for sunburn

- Unable to read and understand English

- Having previously received medical treatment from the interventionist

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Outcome Measure:

UV Protection Stages of Change

Outcome Time Frame:

6 months

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Christina P Linton, FNP-BC, PhD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Oregon Health and Science University


United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:




Start Date:

September 2006

Completion Date:

June 2007

Related Keywords:

  • Ultraviolet Rays
  • Motivation
  • Ultraviolet Rays
  • Motivation
  • Health Education
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Skin Neoplasms



Central Utah Clinic, Dermatology Provo, Utah  84604