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Phase I Study of Sorafenib, Pemetrexed, and Cisplatin for the Treatment of Advanced Solid Tumors.

Phase 1
18 Years
Not Enrolling
Breast Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer, Lung Cancer, Mesothelioma, Pancreatic Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Sarcoma

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Trial Information

Phase I Study of Sorafenib, Pemetrexed, and Cisplatin for the Treatment of Advanced Solid Tumors.



- To determine the maximum tolerated dose of sorafenib tosylate when given in combination
with pemetrexed disodium and cisplatin in patients with advanced non-squamous cell
solid tumor malignancy including, but not limited to, breast, lung, colon, pancreatic,
prostate, or head and neck cancer or sarcoma.


- To characterize the quantitative and qualitative toxicities of this regimen in these

- To obtain preliminary information about the antitumor activity of this regimen in these

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of sorafenib tosylate.

Patients receive oral sorafenib tosylate once daily on days 1-21 and cisplatin IV over 1-2
hours and pemetrexed disodium IV over 10 minutes on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days in
the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed at 30 days, every 8 weeks until
disease progression, and then every 3 months for up to 6 months.

Inclusion Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

- Histologic or cytologic diagnosis of advanced non-hematologic malignancy (except
squamous cell of the lung) including, but not limited to breast, lung, colon,
pancreatic, prostate, head and neck, or sarcoma

- Must have failed or become intolerant to prior standard therapy and is no longer
likely to respond to such therapy except for patients diagnosed with mesothelioma.
Mesothelioma patients may be enrolled with no prior therapy requirements since
cisplatin and pemetrexed in combination is the current standard of care 1st line

- At least 21 days must have passed from previous systemic therapy (at least 6 weeks
for prior bevacizumab) and the patient must have recovered from the all toxic effects
of previous treatment prior to study enrollment. Prior treatment with cisplatin
and/or pemetrexed is allowed, but at least 3 months must have passed since the last
dose. Prior treatment with sorafenib is not allowed.

- Prior radiation therapy is allowed except to the whole pelvis. At least 14 days from
last radiation therapy treatment and must have recovered from the acute toxic effects
prior to study enrollment.

- Measurable or non-measurable disease as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in
Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance status of 0 to 2

- 18 years of age and older

- Adequate organ function within 7 days of study enrollment including the following:

- Adequate bone marrow reserve: absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 10^9/L;
platelets ≥100 x 10^9/L; hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL

- Hepatic: bilirubin ≤1.5 times the upper limit of normal (× ULN); alkaline
phosphatase (ALP), aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤
3.0 × ULN (ALP, AST, and ALT ≤ 5× ULN is acceptable if liver has tumor

- Renal: serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 and calculated creatinine clearance > 45.

The creatinine clearance is determined by the Cockcroft-Gault formula:

- Males: cr cl (mL)/min) = weight (kg) x (140-age)divided by 72 x serum creatinine

- Females: cr cl (mL)/min) = weight (kg) x (140-age) x 0.85 divided by 72 x serum
creatinine (mg/dL)

- Coagulation: INR < 1.5 or a PT/PTT within normal limits

- Patients receiving anti-coagulation treatment with an agent such as warfarin or
heparin may be allowed to participate. For patients on warfarin, the INR should be
measured prior to initiation of sorafenib and monitored at least weekly, or as
defined by the local standard of care, until INR is stable.

- Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males are required to use an
effective method of contraception (barrier method of birth control) during the
study and for 2 weeks after the last dose of sorafenib.

- Must be able to take folic acid and vitamin B12.

- Must be able and willing to interrupt aspirin or other nonsteroidal
antiinflammatory agents for a 5 day period (8 day period for long acting agents
such as piroxicam) prior at the time of each pemetrexed administration.

- Must be able to take oral medications without crushing, dissolving, or chewing

- Voluntary written informed consent before performance of any study related
procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent
may be withdrawn by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical

Exclusion Criteria:

- Squamous cell of the lung

- Pregnant (positive pregnancy test) or breast-feeding. Pemetrexed, cisplatin and
sorafenib are pregnancy category D - clear evidence of risk in pregnancy. Women of
child bearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 7
days of prior to the start of treatment. Pregnancy testing is not required for
postmenopausal or surgically sterilized women.

- Cardiac disease: Congestive heart failure > class II New York Heart Association
Classification (NYHA). Patients must not have unstable angina (anginal symptoms at
rest) or new onset angina (began within the last 3 months) or myocardial infarction
within the past 6 months.

- Symptomatic or active brain metastases. Patients with neurological symptoms or
previously treated CNS metastases must undergo a CT scan/MRI of the brain within 14
days of study enrollment to rule-out brain metastasis.

- The presence of clinically significant third space fluid such as pleural effusion or
ascites. Patients in whom the third space fluid can be completely drained may be

- Cardiac ventricular arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy

- Uncontrolled hypertension defined as systolic blood pressure > 150 mmHg or diastolic
pressure > 90 mmHg, despite optimal medical management

- Known or suspected allergy to sorafenib, pemetrexed, cisplatin or any agent given in
the course of this trial

- Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or chronic Hepatitis B or C

- Patients must not have a second primary malignancy except in situ carcinoma of the
cervix or breast or other in situ malignancies or adequately treated basal cell
carcinoma of the skin or other malignancy treated at least 3 years previously with no
evidence of recurrence

- Active clinically serious infection > Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events
(CTCAE) Grade 2

- Thrombolic or embolic events such as a cerebrovascular accident including transient
ischemic attacks within the past 6 months

- Pulmonary hemorrhage/bleeding event ≥ CTCAE Grade 2 within 4 weeks of first dose of
study drug

- Any other hemorrhage/bleeding event ≥ CTCAE Grade 3 within 4 weeks of first dose of
study drug

- Serious non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture

- Evidence or history of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy

- Peripheral neuropathy ≥ CTCAE Grade 2

- Major surgery, open biopsy or significant traumatic injury within 4 weeks of first
study drug

- Use of St. John's Wort or rifampin (rifampicin)

- Any condition that impairs patient's ability to swallow whole pills

- Any malabsorption problem

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Maximum tolerated dose of sorafenib tosylate

Outcome Description:

This dose level is declared to be above the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and dose escalation is stopped. Declare the next lower dose the MTD if 6 patients have already been treated at that dose.

Outcome Time Frame:

From first dose to toxicity event

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Priya Kumar, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota


United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:




Start Date:

May 2008

Completion Date:

November 2010

Related Keywords:

  • Breast Cancer
  • Colorectal Cancer
  • Head and Neck Cancer
  • Lung Cancer
  • Mesothelioma
  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • Prostate Cancer
  • Sarcoma
  • Breast Neoplasms
  • Colorectal Neoplasms
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms
  • Lung Neoplasms
  • Mesothelioma
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms
  • Prostatic Neoplasms
  • Sarcoma



Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota Minneapolis, Minnesota  55455