Phase II/Pilot Trial of Second Generation Designer T Cells in Colorectal Cancer
T cells can penetrate virtually every biologic space and have the power to dispose of normal
or malignant cells as seen in viral and autoimmune diseases and in the rare spontaneous
remissions of cancer. However, T cells are easily tolerized to self or tumor antigens and
"immune surveillance" has manifestly failed in every cancer that is clinically apparent. It
is the goal of this study to supply the specificities and affinities to patient T cells
without regard for their "endogenous" T cell receptor repertoire, directed by
antibody-defined recognition to kill malignant cells based on their expression of antigen.
We will achieve this by preparing chimeric IgCD28TCR genes in mammalian expression vectors
to yield "designer T cells" from normal patient cells. Prior studies in model systems
demonstrated that recombinant IgCD28TCR could direct modified T cells to respond to antigen
targets with IL2 secretion, cellular proliferation, and cytotoxicity, the hallmarks of an
effective, self-sustaining immune response.
It therefore becomes of paramount interest to extend these studies to a human system of
widespread clinical relevance to explore the clinical potential of this new technology. The
target antigen for these studies is carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), which is prominently
expressed on tumors of the stomach, colon and rectum, breast, pancreas and other sites.
Patients receive a single dose of gene-modified autologous T cells on this dose-escalation
trial. Doses are 10^9, 10^10 and 10^11 modified T cells. Patients are monitored for safety
and response. Patients are on-study for one month after dosing.
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Determine the safety of using modified T cells by documenting the type and severity of any side effects and establishing the Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD).
Richard P Junghans, PhD, MD
Roger Williams Medical Center
United States: Food and Drug Administration
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