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Aging, Lifestyle and Inflammation in Veterans Exercising

18 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Inflammation, Aging, Metabolism, Exercise

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Trial Information

Aging, Lifestyle and Inflammation in Veterans Exercising

Adipose tissue is increasingly recognized as more than an inert depot serving not only to
accept and store excess energy in the form of triglycerides, but also to secrete hormones
and adipokines that have substantial effects on lipid and glucose metabolism. Furthermore,
there are depot differences in metabolic function, as well as adipokine content. However,
the physiology both underlying and consequential to these observations remains unknown. This
research is therefore designed to examine:

1) the effects of aging and obesity on regional adipokine secretion and expression, 2)
whether elevated adipokine levels in older obese people are due to increased macrophage
infiltration into subcutaneous adipose tissue and/or related to total, subcutaneous or
visceral abdominal fat (SAT or VAT) distribution, and 3) the relationship of adipokines to
insulin resistance and the constituents of the metabolic syndrome.

Specifically, we aim to determine:

1. if the expression and secretion of a) the inflammatory markers SAA, IL-6, TNF-a, MCP-1
is greater, and b) the anti-inflammatory hormone adiponectin is lower in SC abdominal
and gluteal adipose tissue from older, compared to middle-aged and younger obese
subjects across a narrow range of obesity and waist circumference;

2. if these age-associated changes in adipokine production are a)due to the degree of
macrophage infiltration of regional adipose tissue, and/or differences in a greater
degree of visceral and/or differences in ABD fat distribution (SAT, VAT), and b)
related to glucose and lipid metabolic profiles of the subjects; and

3. the effects of a WL+AEX intervention on regional adipokine expression and secretion,
circulating levels of CRP and the above adipokines, and glucose and lipid metabolism in
a subset of obese sedentary individuals with greater than two components of the
metabolic syndrome.

Inclusion Criteria:

- BMI 20-40 kg/m2

- Waist 80-120cm (men), 70-110cm (women)

- Stable Medical Regimen > or = 30 days

- All women over the age of 50 must be postmenopausal for at least 1 year, have serum
FSH >30 mIU/ml, and agree to remain off hormone replacement therapy for the duration
of the study

Exclusion Criteria:

- Pregnancy or Nursing Mothers

- Cigarette Smoking

- Diabetes on Medication or Fasting Glucose >126 mg/dl

- Poorly controlled hypertension requiring >3 drugs or beta blockers

- Hyperlipidemia with TG>400mg/dl, LDL>190mg/dl or on Lipitor or Crestor

- Other medications affecting glucose, lipid or cytokine levels

- Thyroid Disease

- Weight gain/loss >5kg in preceding 3 months

- Alcohol >3oz/day

- Caffeine >120 oz/day

- Chronic liver, renal or hematological disease

- Lung disease requiring oxygen

- Active cancer on radiation or chemotherapy treatment

- HIV (+) or other disease prone to malnutrition

- Sickle cell anemia

- Active psychosis or dementia

- Chronic untreated depression

- Hemiparetic Stroke

- Coronary Artery or cerebrovascular disease precluding exercise

- Implantable defibrillator

- Other medical condition precluding exercise testing or participation in exercise and
weight loss programs, as per medical judgement of study team

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Outcome Measure:

Regional Adipokine Release

Outcome Time Frame:

6 month

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Jacob B Blumenthal, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Baltimore VA Medical Center, University of Maryland


United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:




Start Date:

July 2005

Completion Date:

December 2013

Related Keywords:

  • Inflammation
  • Aging
  • Metabolism
  • Exercise
  • Inflammation
  • Aging
  • Metabolism
  • Exercise
  • Inflammation



University of Maryland; Baltimore VA Medical Center Baltimore, Maryland  21044