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Zevalin/BEAM/Rituximab vs BEAM/Rituximab With or Without Rituximab Maintenance in Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation for Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphomas

Phase 2
18 Years
70 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma, Lymphoma

Thank you

Trial Information

Zevalin/BEAM/Rituximab vs BEAM/Rituximab With or Without Rituximab Maintenance in Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation for Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphomas

The Study Drugs:

90Y Zevalin is designed to attach to lymphoma cells, and destroy the cells using a radiation
particle that is attached to it.

111In Zevalin is like 90Y Zevalin, but the radioactive particle that is attached to it does
not kill lymphoma cells. The radioactive particle makes the drug able to be seen inside your
body. It is being used in this study to predict how fast the study drug will travel in the
body and how long the drug stays in the body.

Carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine, and melphalan (BEAM) are designed to kill lymphoma cells
by damaging the cells DNA.

Rituximab is designed to attach to lymphoma cells, which may cause them to die.

Study Groups 1 and 2:

If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will be randomly assigned
(as in the toss of a coin) to 1 of 2 groups. You will have an equal chance of being assigned
to each group. Group 1 will receive 90Y Zevalin along with rituximab and BEAM therapy. Group
2 will receive rituximab and BEAM therapy. You and the study staff will know which group you
are in.

Study Drug Administration:

If you are in Group 1, you will receive rituximab through a needle in your vein (over 4-5
hours) followed by 111In Zevalin by vein (over 15 minutes). A nuclear scan will be done
within the following 40 to 48 hours to see how the drug is traveling through your body.

If intolerable side effects are not shown by the scans, you will receive rituximab (over 4-5
hours) and 90Y Zevalin (over 15 minutes) through a needle in your vein 7 days after the
111In Zevalin infusion.

You will begin BEAM chemotherapy 7 days after the second 90Y Zevalin infusion.

BEAM Chemotherapy:

Both groups will have 7 days of BEAM combination chemotherapy.

- On Day 1, you will receive carmustine through a needle in your vein over 1 hour.

- On Days 2-5 you will receive cytarabine by vein (over 1 hour) followed by etoposide
(over 3 hours). Both infusions will be repeated every 12 hours on Days 2-5.

- On Day 6 you will be given melphalan by vein over 30 minutes.

- On Day 7 the stem cells that were collected earlier from you will be given back
("transplanted") through a catheter over 30-45 minutes.

- You will also receive rituximab by vein (over 5-7 hours) on Day 8.

You will receive rituximab (over 4-5 hours) 7 days after the stem cell transplant. You will
receive G-CSF by injection once a day starting 7 days after the stem cell transplant until
your blood counts return to a normal level. You should stay in the Houston area for about
2-4 weeks after the transplant.

Study Procedures:

At about 1 month after the transplant you will have x-rays, CT scans, and positron emission
tomography (PET) scans. You will also have a bone marrow aspirate and biopsy to check the
status of the disease.

Blood (about 1 tablespoon) will be drawn once a day while you are in the hospital to check
your blood counts.

Blood tests (about 1-2 tablespoons), urine tests, bone marrow collections, and x-rays may be
done as needed to track the effects of the transplant.

You will have transfusions of blood and platelets as needed.

Study Groups A and B:

About 1 month after the transplant, you will be randomly assigned (as in the toss of a coin)
to 1 of 2 new groups (Group A and Group B). Group A will receive rituximab by vein over 5-7
hours, once every 3 months, starting 3 months after the stem cell transplant. You will
receive rituximab for the first 18 months after the stem cell transplant. Group B will not
receive rituximab. You will have an equal chance of being in each group.

Follow-up Visits:

You will return to the clinic every 6 months for 5 years to check the status of the disease.
The following tests and procedures will be performed:

- Blood (about 1-2 tablespoons) and urine will be collected for routine tests.

- You will have a bone marrow biopsy to check the status of the disease.

- You will have a chest x-ray and a CT scan.

- You will have a PET scan.

Length of Study:

You may stay on study as long as you are benefitting. You will be taken off-study if the
disease gets worse or intolerable side effects occur.

This is an investigational study. 90Y-Zevalin is approved by the FDA for relapsed and
refractory lymphoma. Its use in this study is investigational. 111In Zevalin, Carmustine,
etoposide, cytarabine, melphalan, and Rituximab are all FDA approved and commercially
available. However, their use together in this study is also investigational. Up to 50
patients will be take part in this study. All will be enrolled at MD Anderson.

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Relapsed CD20-positive B-cell diffuse large cell lymphoma (demonstrated in lymph
nodes or bone marrow), chemosensitive (at least PR).

2. Age: up to 18-70 years of age.

3. Prestudy performance status of 0, 1, or 2 according to the WHO.

4. No anti-cancer therapy started within three weeks, prior to study initiation, and
fully recovered from all toxicities associated with prior surgery, radiation
treatments, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy. No prior rituximab within three weeks of
starting therapy.

5. If patients had prior radiation, this should have not involved more than 25% of the
bone marrow.

6. Acceptable hematologic status within two weeks prior to patient registration,
including: Absolute neutrophil count ({segmented neutrophils + bands} x total WBC) >
1,500/mm³ and platelet counts > 80,000/mm³

7. IRB -approved signed informed consent.

8. Patients determined to have <10% bone marrow involvement with lymphoma within 60 days
before study entry as defined by bone marrow aspirates and biopsies.

9. Female patients included must not be pregnant or lactating.

10. Patients should have at least 4-6 x 10^6 CD34+/kg peripheral stem cells collected.
Around 1-2 million cells will beheld as back up.

11. Voluntary signed, written IRB-approved informed consent before performance of any
study-related procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that
consent may be withdrawn by the subject at any time without prejudice to future
medical care.

12. Men and women of reproductive potential must agree to follow accepted birth control
methods for the duration of the study. Female subject is either post-menopausal or
surgically sterilized or willing to use an acceptable method of birth control (i.e.,
a hormonal contraceptive, intra-uterine device, diaphragm with spermicide, condom
with spermicide, or abstinence) for the duration of the study. Male subject agrees to
use an acceptable method for

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Failed stem cell collection of >/= 4x10^6CD34+/kg.

2. Prior radioimmunotherapy.

3. Presence of active CNS lymphoma.

4. Patients with abnormal liver function: total bilirubin > 1.5 mg/dl.

5. Patients with abnormal renal function: serum creatinine > 1.6 mg/dl.

6. Serious nonmalignant disease or infection which, in the opinion of the investigator
and/or the sponsor, would compromise other protocol objectives.

7. Corrected DLCO < 50% and FEV subscript 1 or FVC < 50% predicted.

8. Cardiac EF < 50% by 2-D Echogram.

9. Prior radiation to lungs.

10. Abnormal cytogenetics predictive of secondary cancers, such as -5,-7.

11. Pregnant (Positive Beta HCG test in a woman with child bearing potential defined as
not post-menopausal for 12 months or no previous surgical sterilization) or currently
breast-feeding. Pregnancy testing is not required for post-menopausal or surgically
sterilized women.

12. Patients with other malignancies diagnosed within 2 years prior to Study entry
(except skin squamous or basal cell carcinoma).

13. Active uncontrolled bacterial, viral fungal infections.

14. Major surgical procedure or significant traumatic injury within 4 weeks prior to
Study entry.

15. Serious, non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture.

16. History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation or intra-abdominal abscess
within 3 months prior to Study entry.

17. History of Stroke within 6 months.

18. Myocardial infarction within the past 6 months prior to Study Day 1, or has New York
Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV heart failure or arrythmias, unstable
angina, uncontrolled congestive heart failure or arrythmias, or electrocardiographic
evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities. Prior to study
entry, any ECG abnormality at screening must be documented by investigator as not
medically relevant.

19. Uncontrolled chronic diarrhea.

20. Serious medical or psychiatric illness likely to interfere with participation in this
clinical study.

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

2-Year Progression-Free Survival (PFS) Rates

Outcome Time Frame:

2 years (beginning day 30 after treatment)

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Issa F. Khouri, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

M.D. Anderson Cancer Center


United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:




Start Date:

November 2007

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
  • Lymphoma
  • Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
  • Lymphoma
  • Zevalin
  • Ibritumomab
  • IDEC-Y2B8
  • Carmustine
  • BCNU
  • BiCNU
  • Etoposide
  • VePesid
  • Cytarabine
  • Ara-C
  • Cytosar
  • DepoCyt
  • Cytosine arabinosine hydrochloride
  • Melphalan
  • Rituximab
  • Rituxan
  • BEAM
  • Lymphoma
  • Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
  • Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin



UT MD Anderson Cancer Center Houston, Texas  77030