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A Phase I Study of Dietary Methionine Restriction and Temodar® (Temozolomide) for the Treatment of Recurrent and Progressive Glioblastoma Multiforme

Phase 1
Not Enrolling
Glioblastoma Multiforme

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Trial Information

A Phase I Study of Dietary Methionine Restriction and Temodar® (Temozolomide) for the Treatment of Recurrent and Progressive Glioblastoma Multiforme

Methionine is an essential amino acid. Many solid tumors depend on the methionine that is
taken in through the diet. The tumors need methionine to grow. A methionine free (or
reduced) diet may help to shrink or slow the growth of some tumors. Temozolomide is a drug
that is commonly used in the treatment of glioma. A methionine free (or reduced) diet may
increase the effectiveness of temozolomide in the treatment of glioma.

Before treatment, you will have a complete physical exam and blood (around 2 tablespoons)
will be collected for routine tests. You will have either a magnetic resonance imaging
(MRI) scan or a computed tomography (CT) scan of the brain. Women who are able to have
children must have a negative blood pregnancy test. You will then meet with a study
dietician. The dietician will give you written instructions and make a food plan based on
your needs. The instructions and food plan will help you maintain a methionine-free (or
reduced) diet during the study.

During the study, all participants will receive standard chemotherapy with temozolomide by
mouth once a day at bedtime for 7 days on Days 8 through 14 and 22 through 28, every 28
days, 4 weeks This 4-week period is called a cycle of chemotherapy. This 4 week cycle will
be repeated as long as the disease does not get worse.

During treatment, you will be asked to maintain a methionine free diet during Days 1 - 7 and
Days 15 - 21. During the periods of methionine free diet, you will consume only "shakes"
containing Hominex-2®. The Hominex-2® shakes are nutritionally complete and easy to
prepare. You will be given instructions on how to maintain this methionine-free diet.

All participants enrolled in the study will consume a methionine free diet for 1 week,
alternating with temozolomide chemotherapy for 1 week. The participants will then be
switched to a methionine "replete" diet for 1 week while taking chemotherapy. This diet and
chemotherapy schedule will be continued for as long as the treatment is effective and
tolerable. This replete diet contains methionine. The dietician will record what you eat
to make sure you are eating the right amount of methionine during this period. This 4-week
schedule will be repeated as long as you are on the study.

If you experience any intolerable side effects or the disease gets worse, you will be taken
off the study and your doctor will discuss other treatment options with you.

During treatment, you will have blood (around 1 tablespoon) collected every 2 weeks for
routine tests. Every 4 weeks for the first 16 weeks then every 8 weeks for the rest of the
study, you will have check up visits. At these visits, you will have a complete physical
exam and have blood collected (around 1 tablespoon) for routine tests. You will also have a
dietary consultation. Every 8 weeks during the study, you will have either a MRI scan or a
CT scan of the brain. If your doctor feels it is necessary, the tests may be done more
often or you may have other tests as needed for your care.

This is an investigational study. Methionine restriction diet (Hominex®-2 Amino
Acid-Modified Medical Food) has been approved by the FDA for nutrition support of children
and adults with vitamin B6-nonresponsive homocystinuria. However, its use in this study is
investigational. Temozolomide has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of brain
tumors and is commercially available. The use of this combination is experimental.
Forty-four participants will take part in this study.

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Histologically proven glioblastoma multiforme (GBM).

2. Unequivocal evidence of tumor recurrence or progression by MRI (or CT brain if a
patient can not undergo MRI). Radiotherapy (with or without radiosensitizing drugs)
must have been completed in the past. The earliest a patient can be enrolled in this
study after radiotherapy is 14 days. The scan done prior to study entry documenting
progression will be reviewed by the primary investigator to document tumor volume
changes to provide a gross assessment of growth rate.

3. Patients may have had: a) no prior chemotherapy, b) 1 prior adjuvant chemotherapy, c)
1 prior adjuvant chemotherapy followed by 1 regimen for recurrent disease, or d) 1 or
2 prior chemotherapy regimens for recurrent or progressive tumor.

4. All patients must sign an informed consent indicating that they are aware of the
investigational nature of this study in keeping with the policies of this hospital.

5. Enrollment MRI or CT scan of the brain must be performed within 14 days of
registration. Patients having undergone recent resection of recurrent or progressive
tumor will be eligible for assessment of response as long as there is residual
enhancing evaluable disease that is documented by appropriate neuroimaging and
patients have recovered from the effects of surgery. Patients who after surgery have
no residual enhancing disease will still be eligible for enrollment, but only
assessable for time to progression, and not for response.

6. Patients must have a life expectancy > 8 weeks.

7. Patients must have a Karnofsky performance status of > or = 60 (Karnofsky Performance

8. Patients must have recovered from the toxic effects of prior therapy and/or at least
2 weeks from vincristine, 6 weeks from nitrosoureas, and 3 weeks from procarbazine
administration. Patients must have recovered from the toxic effects of any other
cytotoxic drugs which they may have received and must be 1 week from the completion
of any non-cytotoxic drug therapy (e.g. 13-cis-retinoic acid, thalidomide, tamoxifen,
etc.). For those patients previously treated with temozolomide, they may enroll and
start the diet even 1 day after their last temozolomide dose.

9. Patients must have adequate bone marrow function (ANC> or = 1,500/mm3 and platelet
count of > or = 100,000/mm3), adequate liver function (SGPT and alkaline phosphatase
= or <2 times normal, bilirubin = or <1.5 mg%), and adequate renal function (BUN or
creatinine = or <1.5 times institutional normal) prior to starting therapy.

10. All acute toxic effects (excluding neurotoxicity or alopecia) of any prior therapy
must have resolved to Common Toxicity Criteria (CTC) grade = or < 1.

11. Patients who are eligible for the trial and who require resection of their tumor may
begin the dietary restriction component of the therapy prior to their surgery
providing the time to surgery is greater than 6 days. In these patients, tissue
collected at surgery will be analysed for the effects of treatment. After surgery,
patients will resume an ad lib diet for anywhere from 5-14 days prior to the
re-initiation of the dietary methionine restriction at the same dose level and
continuance with the trial.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Patients with a history of any other cancer (except non-melanoma skin cancer or
carcinoma in-situ of the cervix), unless in complete remission and off of all therapy
for that disease for a minimum of 3 years.

2. Patients have one or more of the following conditions may not participate in this
study: a) active infection; b) pregnancy and/or disagree to practice adequate
contraception; c) disease that will obscure toxicity or dangerously alter drug
metabolism; d) serious intercurrent medical illness.

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Time to Disease Progression

Outcome Description:

Time to progression measured from the first day of treatment until progression is documented.

Outcome Time Frame:

6 months (26 weeks)

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Morris D. Groves, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

M.D. Anderson Cancer Center


United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:




Start Date:

August 2004

Completion Date:

November 2008

Related Keywords:

  • Glioblastoma Multiforme
  • Glioblastoma Multiforme
  • Methionine Restriction
  • Hominex-2
  • Methionine Restriction Diet
  • Hominex-2 Amino Acid-Modified Medical Food
  • Temozolomide
  • Temodar
  • Glioblastoma



U.T.M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Houston, Texas  77030