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Phase 1 Study of CPX-351(Cytarabine:Daunorubicin) Liposome Injection in Patients With Advanced Hematologic Malignancies.

Phase 1
18 Years
Not Enrolling
Hematologic Neoplasms

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Trial Information

Phase 1 Study of CPX-351(Cytarabine:Daunorubicin) Liposome Injection in Patients With Advanced Hematologic Malignancies.

CPX-351 is a liposomal formulation of a fixed combination of the antineoplastic drugs
cytarabine and daunorubicin. The two drugs are present inside the liposome in a 5:1 molar
ratio. The development of CPX-351 (cytarabine:daunorubicin) Liposome Injection was based on
1) defining a synergistic ratio of the two active moieties, cytarabine and daunorubicin,
using cell-based screening assays and 2) designing a liposomal drug carrier to maintain this
ratio after intravenous administration. CPX-351 was found to be more active in in vivo
models of cancer than combinations of conventional cytarabine and daunorubicin. Both
cytarabine and daunorubicin are active chemotherapeutic agents, each approved for clinical
use in the United States for the treatment of hematological neoplasms.

CPX-351 is being developed with the hypothesis that it is superior to the currently used
regimen of cytarabine and daunorubicin in the treatment of acute leukemia. This phase I
study will determine the dose to carry forward into phase II trials.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Ability to understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form

- Age > 18 years at the time of signing the informed consent form

- Pathological confirmation of leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome.

- AML according to WHO criteria; except for core-binding factor AMLs (t(8;21), inv(16)
or t(16;16)) and APL



- Patients with AML include the following:

- Patients in 2nd or greater relapse

- Patients in first relapse with initial CR duration lasting <6 months

- Patients in first relapse refractory to induction therapy

- Patients with primary refractory AML

- Patients with ALL include the following

- Patients with T-cell ALL refractory or in relapse following nelarabine

- Patients with other ALL that is refractory or in relapse.

- Patients with MDS include the following:

- The subset of RAEB-2 patients with >10% blasts with at least 1 prior therapy that
includes a hypomethylating agent.

- Previously untreated chemotherapy induced AML

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score of 0,1 or 2

- Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements

- Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks

- Laboratory values fulfilling the following:

- Serum creatinine < 1.5 mg/dL

- Serum total bilirubin < 1.5 mg/dL

- Serum alanine aminotransferase or aspartate aminotransferase < 150 IU/liter Note: If
elevated liver enzymes are related to disease; contact medical monitor to discuss.

- Cardiac ejection fraction > 50% by MUGA scan or echocardiography

- All men and women must agree to practice effective contraception during the study
period if not otherwise documented to be infertile.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality or psychiatric illness that
would prevent the patient from signing the informed consent form

- Chemotherapy or other investigational anticancer therapeutic drugs in the two weeks
prior to study entry; in the event of rapidly proliferative disease, however, the use
of hydroxyurea is permitted up to 24 hours before study entry

- Clinical evidence of active CNS leukemic involvement

- Pregnant or lactating women

- Clinically significant cardiac disease (New York Heart Association Class III or IV)

- Severe debilitating pulmonary disease

- Active and uncontrolled infection. Patients with an infection under active treatment
with antibiotics and whose infection is controlled may be entered into the study

- Current evidence of invasive fungal infection (blood or tissue culture); HIV or
hepatitis C infection

- Hypersensitivity to cytarabine, daunorubicin or liposomal products

- History of Wilson's disease or other copper-related disorder

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) for use in phase 2

Principal Investigator

Arthur Louie, M.D.

Investigator Role:

Study Director

Investigator Affiliation:

Celator Pharmaceuticals


United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:




Start Date:

September 2006

Completion Date:

December 2009

Related Keywords:

  • Hematologic Neoplasms
  • Hematologic malignancies
  • Malignancies, hematologic
  • Hematopoietic malignancies
  • Neoplasms
  • Hematologic Neoplasms



North Shore University HospitalManhasset, New York  11030
Georgetown University Medical CenterWashington, District of Columbia  20007
H. Lee Moffit Cancer Center & Research Institute at the University of S. FloridaTampa, Florida  33612-9497
New York Presbyterian Hospital Weill Medical College of Cornell UniversityNew York, New York  10021