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Phase IIA Trial of Rosiglitazone (Avandia) for Oral Leukoplakia

Phase 2
18 Years
Not Enrolling
Oral Leukoplakia

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Trial Information

Phase IIA Trial of Rosiglitazone (Avandia) for Oral Leukoplakia


I. To determine the rate of clinical response of oral premalignant lesions (OPL) to 12 weeks
of therapy with rosiglitazone (Avandia), 8 mg daily, defined as greater than or equal to 50%
reduction in the measured product of perpendicular dimension of the target lesion, or
improvement in the degree of dysplasia.


I. To determine the rate and degree of change of putative biomarkers of rosiglitazone
efficacy including:

COX-2, cyclin D1, Ki-67, p21/waf1, PPAR gamma, K1 cytokeratin, involucrin, transglutaminase
expressions, and TUNEL.

II. To estimate the correlation between DNA ploidy measurements in OPL with clinical
response and or response of biomarkers to rosiglitazone therapy, and to estimate the
efficacy of rosiglitazone therapy to normalize aberrant DNA ploidy in OPL.

III. To thoroughly assess smoking patterns among trial participants and to examine the
relationship of smoking to treatment response.

IV. To assess the safety of this agent in short-term use in this population.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, open-label, nonrandomized study.

Patients receive oral rosiglitazone once daily. Treatment continues for 12 weeks in the
absence of unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed at 1 week.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Males or females with a suspected or histologically confirmed index oral premalignant
lesion (excluding carcinoma in situ), 12mm or greater in size that has not been
biopsied in the past 6 weeks; each index lesion must be either a:

- dysplastic measurable leukoplakia or erythroplakia in the oral cavity or
accessible oropharynx, or

- hyperplastic leukoplakia of high-risk sites, lateral and ventral tongue and
floor of mouth

- The subject's life expectancy is > 12 weeks and Karnofsky performance score is

- Hemoglobin and hematocrit levels above the lower limit of normal

- White blood cells >= 3,000/uL

- Platelets >= 125,000/uL

- Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN

- AST (SGOT)/ALT (SGPT) =< 1.5 x ULN

- BUN and serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN

- LDH =< 1.5 x ULN

- If the subject is female and of childbearing potential (women are considered not of
childbearing potential if they are at least two years postmenopausal and/or
surgically sterile), she:

- has been using adequate contraception (abstinence, IUD, birth control pills, or
spermicidal gel with diaphragm or condom) since her last menses and will use
adequate contraception during the study, AND

- is not lactating, AND

- has a documented negative serum pregnancy test within 14 days prior to

- The subject has discontinued any other oral cancer chemopreventive therapy at least
12 weeks prior to the Baseline visit and all toxicities have been fully resolved;
daily aspirin is permitted

- The subject is willing and able to fully participate for the duration of the study

- If applicable, the subject has been counseled on smoking cessation

- The effects of rosiglitazone (Avandia) on the developing human fetus at the
recommended therapeutic dose are unknown; for this reason, and because rosiglitazone
has been associated with fetal death and growth retardation in rats and rabbits and
placental pathology in rats, women of child-bearing potential must agree to use
adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence)
prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman
become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she
should inform her study physician immediately and will be removed from the trial

- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

- The subject is of New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class 1 to 4 cardiac status

Exclusion Criteria:

- The subject has active cancer or carcinoma in situ of the head and neck

- The subject has a contraindication to biopsy

- The subject has any history of congestive heart failure, any history of myocardial
infarction, angina, or coronary artery disease within the past 6 months, or active
cardiac disease

- The subject exhibits clinical evidence of active liver disease, history of chronic
liver disease or edema

- The subject currently receives insulin, sulfonylurea or metformin (doses of
rosiglitazone greater than 4 mg daily in combination with these therapies are not
currently indicated; because this protocol uses the maximum recommended dose of 8 mg
daily, subjects on insulin, sulfonylurea or metformin will be ineligible for
participation in this trial); the subject is currently receiving thiazolidinediones;
the subject is a diabetic not on treatment or hyperglycemic (has a random blood
glucose level > 200 mg/dl); the subject has diabetic macular edema

- The subject is currently receiving medical therapy for dysregulated blood sugar

- The subject has experienced jaundice with RezulinĀ® (troglitazone)

- The subject has known hypersensitivity to rosiglitazone, Avandia, or any of its

- The subject has a history of colorectal cancer, familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP)
or hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC)

- The subject has a history of invasive cancer within the past 18 months (excluding
non-invasive bladder cancer, non-melanoma skin cancer and in situ cervical cancer);
subjects (excluding those with a history of colorectal cancer, FAP or HNPCC) who
received curative treatment and have shown no evidence of recurrence for 18 months
will be eligible

- The subject has had chemotherapy, immunotherapy, hormonal therapy (other than HRT for
menopause), or radiation therapy within 18 months of the Baseline visit

- The subject will need concurrent chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormonal (other than HRT
for menopause), or immunotherapy during the time of study

- The subject has received any investigational medication within 30 days of the
Baseline visit or is scheduled to receive an investigational drug during the course
of the study

- The subject participated in the study previously and was withdrawn

- The subject is pregnant or nursing

- Subjects who have had the study drug prior to this study

- The subject has uncontrolled intercurrent illness including: ongoing or active
infection, HIV, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris,
cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit
compliance with study requirements

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Outcome Measure:

Proportion of subjects who show complete or partial response in either clinical or histological outcomes

Outcome Description:

Estimated together with 95% confidence interval. The confidence interval will be constructed using exact binomial confidence intervals (rather than the normal approximation).

Outcome Time Frame:

12 weeks

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Jay Boyle

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center


United States: Federal Government

Study ID:




Start Date:

June 2006

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Oral Leukoplakia
  • Leukoplakia
  • Leukoplakia, Oral



Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center New York, New York  10021