Back-to Back Trial of Narrow Band Imaging (NBI) With Magnification Versus Standard Colonoscopy for Colonic Neoplasia Surveillance in Hereditary Non-Polyposis Colorectal Cancer (HNPCC) Patients
Colorectal cancer is the second commonest cause of cancer death. Some people have an
inherited defect in the genes which repair DNA which results in a very high risk of
colorectal (bowel) cancer at a young age. This syndrome is called hereditary non-polyposis
colorectal cancer (HNPCC) or Lynch syndrome. Colonoscopic surveillance of HNPCC patients has
been shown to reduce the risk of colorectal cancer and allow detection at an earlier stage,
but even with meticulous examination, some precancerous lesions or cancers are missed.
Precancerous lesions in HNPCC are difficult to see and may be advanced even if as small as a
few millimeters. Endoscopists have used spraying dye on the lining of bowel
(Chromoendoscopy) successfully to improve detection of abnormal areas; however this is time
consuming and requires extra time and equipment and despite the benefits seen in two studies
is not widely used in routine clinical practice in the UK.
Narrow Band Imaging (NBI) is a technique that relies on light to improve contrast for the
smallest blood vessels in the bowel lining which shows up precancerous areas as they have a
richer vascular network. It is sometimes described as "digital chromoendoscopy" as the
images produced are similar to chromoendoscopy, but it is much simpler and quicker to use.
With magnification it allows assessment of the fine mucosal surace pattern (pit pattern) of
lesion which allows an assessment of their likelihood of being precancerous.
Autofluorescence endoscopy uses short wavelength light and light filters to produce a false
colour image of the bowel lining where polyps stand out. These techniques have been used
with some success in the oesophagus and stomach but little work is available for the colon.
We aim to see if NBI with magnification is better than standard colonoscopy for detecting
precancerous areas. This is likely as it produces images similar to chromoendoscopy which is
already shown to help. If a potentially precancerous area is found we will use other types
of endoscopy, in particular NBI and autofluorescence to see if these techniques are helpful
for discriminating between pre-cancerous and non-cancerous areas.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Number of patients with at least one adenoma
Brian Saunders, MD FRCP
North West London Hospitals NHS Trust
United Kingdom: National Health Service