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L-Vax: A Feasibility Study Using a DNP-Modified Autologous Tumor Cell Vaccine as Therapy in Patients With Resectable Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer


Phase 1/Phase 2
N/A
N/A
Not Enrolling
Both
Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer - Completely Resectable

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Trial Information

L-Vax: A Feasibility Study Using a DNP-Modified Autologous Tumor Cell Vaccine as Therapy in Patients With Resectable Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer


Study Objectives: To study the toxicity, safety and delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH)
responses of DNP-modified autologous tumor cell vaccine (L-Vax) in patients with resectable
NSCLC:

- To determine the tolerability and toxicity of L-Vax

- To determine whether L-Vax induces a DTH response to autologous, DNP-modified NSCLC
cells of similar magnitude to responses observed with melanoma

- Determine whether L-Vax induces a DTH response to autologous unmodified NSCLC cells

- To determine whether the DTH responses to autologous, unmodified NSCLC cells that have
been fixed with ethanol correlate with DTH responses to autologous, unmodified NSCLC
cells that are not fixed

Study Population: Patients with resectable NSCLC whose therapeutic tumor surgery provides a
mass, which yields adequate tumor, cells for vaccine preparation and DTH testing

Study Design: A Phase I/IIa double-blind, three-dose, single center study

Investigational Product: L-Vax: DNP-modified autologous NSCLC cell vaccine

Dosage Form: Cell suspension

Route of Administration: Intradermal

Dosage and Treatment Schedule: Prior to vaccine administration, patients will be tested for
DTH to autologous NSCLC cells that have been: DNP-modified, or unmodified and irradiated, or
unmodified and irradiated and fixed with ethanol (if sufficient cells available) Three
doses of vaccine will be tested: 5 x 105, 2.5 x 106, or 5 x 106 DNP-modified autologous
NSCLC cells. An initial dose of DNP-modified autologous NSCLC cells* without Bacillus of
Calmette and Guérin (BCG) followed by cyclophosphamide (CY) then weekly doses of
DNP-modified autologous NSCLC tumor cells mixed with BCG for 6 weeks, and completed with one
dose of DNP-modified autologous NSCLC tumor cells mixed with BCG as a 6-month booster, if
adequate number of cells available.

- count determined prior to aliquoting for cryopreservation

Endpoints: Treatment-emergent and related adverse events, serious adverse events, and Grade
3 and 4 laboratory abnormalities for safety assessments

Other Parameters: · DTH skin reactions for assessing the induction of immune responses to
DNP-modified and unmodified autologous NSCLC tumor cells· Survival· Exploratory analysis of
in vitro studies of peripheral blood lymphocytes obtained from study subjects

Duration of Treatment: Up to 9 months

Duration of Subject Participation in Study: Three months from the patient's last vaccine

Duration of Follow-up: Survival information and disease status will be collected via phone
or visit on a quarterly basis for each patient beginning 30 days after the last scheduled
visit until the last patient has been followed for three months from his/her last vaccine

Number of Subjects Required to Meet Protocol Objectives: Up to 42 evaluable subjects

Number of Study Centers: Three

Number of Individual Blood Draws: 15 draws over nine months

Volume of Blood Drawn: 13 Draws of 30 mL/draw (total 360 mL) and two draws of 50mL in
heparinized tubes


Inclusion Criteria:



- Histologically documented stage IA, IB, IIA, IIB or IIIA NSCLC that is completely
resectable and does not require post-operative radiation therapy or peri-operative
chemotherapy

- Excision of the tumor and harvesting of tumor mass yielding adequate cells for
vaccine manufacture and DTH testing

- Successful preparation and lot release of vaccines and of DTH testing material
containing DNP-modified tumor cells

- Minimum of 3 and maximum of 8 weeks since the surgery

- Expected survival of at least 6 months

- Karnofsky performance status ³ 80

- Signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

Alkaline phosphatase > 2.5 x ULN

- Total bilirubin > 2.0 mg/dL

- Creatinine > 2.0 mg/dL

- Hemoglobin < 10.0 g/dL

- WBC < 3,000 /mm3

- Platelet count < 100,000/mm3

- Chemotherapy - pre-operative or post-operative (except as designated in protocol)

- Radiation therapy to lung - pre-operative or post-operative

- Any major field radiotherapy within 6 months prior to participation in the study

- Immunotherapy (interferons, tumor necrosis factor, other cytokines [e.g.,
interleukins], biological response modifiers, or monoclonal antibodies) within 4
weeks prior to participation in the study

- Prior splenectomy

- Concurrent use of systemic steroids, except for the period of administration of the
adjuvant chemotherapy, as per Section 8.6 (months 4-7)(Note: Topical steroid
therapies [applied to the skin] are allowed, provided these are not applied to limbs
injected with vaccine or skin test materials. Inhaled aerosol steroids are allowed.)

- Concurrent use of immunosuppressive drugs, except for the period of administration of
the adjuvant chemotherapy (months 4-7)

- Concurrent use of antitubercular drugs (isoniazid, rifampin, streptomycin)

- Other malignancy within 5 years except curatively treated non-melanomatous skin
cancer and curatively treated carcinoma in situ of the uterine cervix, or early stage
(stage A or B1) prostate cancer

- Concurrent autoimmune diseases, e.g., systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple
sclerosis or ankylosing spondylitis

- Concurrent medical condition that would preclude compliance or immunologic response
to study treatment

- Concurrent serious infection or other serious medical condition

- Receipt of any investigational medication within 4 weeks prior to participation in
the study

- Pregnancy or lactation (serum b-human chorionic gonadotropin [b-HCG] test must be
negative in fertile women at screening visit)

- Active tuberculosis or a past history of tuberculosis

- PPD positive (³ 5 mm to 5TU)

- Known gentamicin sensitivity

- Anergic, defined by the inability to make a DTH to at least one of the following:
candida, mumps, tetanus or trichophyton (based, except for the period of
administration of the adjuvant chemotherapy (months 4-7) upon availability)

- Vaccine lot release failure

Type of Study:

Interventional

Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Cell-mediated immunity to autologous tumor cells.

Outcome Time Frame:

3 months

Safety Issue:

No

Principal Investigator

Henry E Schea

Investigator Role:

Study Director

Investigator Affiliation:

AVAX Technologies

Authority:

United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:

A/100/0601

NCT ID:

NCT00298298

Start Date:

January 2006

Completion Date:

January 2014

Related Keywords:

  • Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer - Completely Resectable
  • lung cancer
  • non-small cell lung cancere
  • vaccine
  • immunotherapy
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
  • Lung Neoplasms

Name

Location

University of Pennsylvania Cancer CenterPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania  19104
Highlands Oncology GroupSpringdale, Arkansas  72764