Treatment of Children and Adolescents With Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma and High Grade Glioma
- Determine if the addition of high-dose methotrexate prior to standard treatment
improves survival of patients with malignant high-grade glioma or diffuse intrinsic
pontine glioma as compared to standard treatment only.
- Determine if the addition of high-dose methotrexate, as compared to standard treatment
only, improves the tumor response of these patients.
- Determine if high-dose methotrexate, compared to standard treatment only, improves the
progression-free or event-free survival of these patients.
- Determine if high-dose methotrexate, as compared to standard treatment only, improves
the health status (quality of life) of these patients.
- Determine if consolidation therapy improves the overall, progression-free, or
event-free survival rates as compared to the historical control group.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open-label, multicenter study. Patients are stratified
according to tumor location includes pons (yes vs no) and complete or nearly complete
resection (yes vs no).
- Surgery: All patients are encouraged to undergo radical resection of the tumor to
reduce intracranial pressure, remove as much tumor tissue as possible, and obtain tumor
tissue for histological diagnosis. Within 14 days after surgery, patients proceed to
- Induction therapy: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
- Arm I:
- High-dose methotrexate with leucovorin calcium: Patients receive high-dose
methotrexate IV over 24 hours on days 1 and 15 and leucovorin calcium IV
every 6 hours on days 2-3 an 16-17. Patients proceed to chemoradiotherapy 4
- Chemoradiotherapy (course 1): Patients undergo external beam radiotherapy
once daily, 5 days a week, for approximately 6 weeks. Beginning on the first
day of radiotherapy, patients receive cisplatin IV over 1 hour on days 1-5,
etoposide IV over 2 hours on days 1-3, and vincristine IV on days 5, 12, 19,
26, and 33. Patients proceed to course 2 of chemoradiotherapy 7 days prior to
completion of radiotherapy.
- Chemoradiotherapy (course 2): Patients receive ifosfamide IV over 1 hour and
cisplatin IV over 1 hour on days 1-5, etoposide IV over 2 hours on days 1-3,
and vincristine IV on day 5. Patients proceed to consolidation chemotherapy 4
- Arm II: Patients receive chemoradiotherapy courses 1 and 2 as in arm I and proceed
to consolidation chemotherapy 4 weeks later.
- Consolidation chemotherapy: Patients receive vincristine IV on days 1, 8, and 15, oral
lomustine once on day 2, and oral prednisone once daily on days 1-17. Treatment repeats
every 6 weeks for up to 8 courses.
Quality of life is assessed 1 week after surgery, after completion of chemoradiotherapy, at
1, 4, and 13 months after completion of consolidation chemotherapy, and then annually for 3
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for 3 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 150 patients will be accrued for this study.
Allocation: Randomized, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Overall survival (OS) rate at 5.5 years
Christoph Kramm, MD
University Children's Hospital
United States: Federal Government
|M. D. Anderson Cancer Center at University of Texas||Houston, Texas 77030-4009|