A Phase II, Open Label, Single Arm, "Proof of Concept" Study of TNFerade™ Plus Radiation in Patients With Metastatic Melanoma
- Patient must be 18 years old or older, and able to give informed consent.
- Patients with metastatic melanoma (AJCC stage III or IV) who are not eligible for
curative surgery and who are candidates for experimental therapy. Eligible patients
will include those with melanoma involving the regional lymph nodes and surrounding
tissues as well as those with unresectable cutaneous, subcutaneous, nodal or soft
- Patients must have one or more tumor nodules accessible for direct injection.
- Patients with metastases outside the treatment field may be enrolled if the sites of
metastases do not limit survival expectancy to less than 3 months.
- Patients must be unlikely to derive significant potential benefit from other
treatment options and no other treatments should be anticipated during the study
treatment period or a period of two months thereafter.
- Patient's Karnofsky performance status must be greater than or equal to 70%.
- Chemotherapy or experimental medications within the last four weeks prior to Day 1.
- Active disease of the central nervous system.
- Baseline liver enzymes (AST, ALT, bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase) greater than 3
times the upper limit normal.
- Renal insufficiency (Serum creatinine greater than 2.0 mg/dL).
- Coagulopathy (PT INR >1.5 or PTT ratio >1.5 in patients not receiving
- Significant anemia (e.g. hematocrit <28% or hemoglobin <9 g/dL). May have RBC
transfusion, or thrombocytopenia (platelet count less than 100,000/μl); or leukopenia
(WBC <3000/μl; ANC <1500/μl).
- Patients with documented history of deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolus,
cerebrovascular disease, stroke, or TIA.
- Patients with history of coagulopathy or known thrombophillic disorders.
- Clinical evidence of active infection of any type, including hepatitis B or C virus.
- Pregnant or lactating women. It is recommended that both men and women use condoms or
another barrier method of birth control for at least 2 months following the last
administration of TNFerade™ biologic and some form of birth control for at least 1
- Significant concurrent medical or psychiatric illness which, in the opinion of the
investigator, would interfere with the patient's ability to participate in the trial
- Chronic systemic corticosteroid use, orally or parenterally administered.
- Known sensitivity to lidocaine, procaine or amide local anesthetics (used for topical
- Surgery within the last 4 weeks prior to day 1 (if patient was ambulatory within 48
hours of surgery, patient may be considered eligible)
- Attempted resection of the tumor to be treated, or surgery on the area to be treated,
with incomplete healing of surgical wound. (If the surgical wounds are completely
healed and lesion continues to progress, patient may be enrolled.)
- Patients with a history of clinical lymphedema in the area to be treated.