Know Cancer

or
forgot password

Initial Systemic Treatment of Acute GVHD: A Phase II Randomized Trial Evaluating Etanercept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF), Denileukin Diftitox (ONTAK), and Pentostatin in Combination With Corticosteroids (BMT CTN #0302)


Phase 2
2 Years
N/A
Not Enrolling
Both
Graft vs Host Disease, Immune System Disorders

Thank you

Trial Information

Initial Systemic Treatment of Acute GVHD: A Phase II Randomized Trial Evaluating Etanercept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF), Denileukin Diftitox (ONTAK), and Pentostatin in Combination With Corticosteroids (BMT CTN #0302)


BACKGROUND:

Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is the major complication of allogeneic hematopoietic
stem cell (HSC) transplantation. Acute GVHD produces significant morbidity and complicates
patient management resulting in organ toxicity, frequent infections, malnutrition, and
substantial delay in recovery from transplantation. Corticosteroids have been the primary
therapy for acute GVHD for over three decades. Various additional immunosuppressive
strategies have been tested as GVHD therapy but neither anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG),
CD5-immunotoxins, IL-1 antagonists nor other agents have been demonstrably helpful in either
control of GVHD symptoms or improvement in survival. Published response rates of complete
response (CR) to acute GVHD therapy with corticosteroids range from 25-41%. These rates
will be used as benchmarks for assessing efficacy of promising new agents. New
immunosuppressive agents and strategies are required to improve the management of GVHD and
decrease the toxicities of the immunosuppressive regimens.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

In this trial, patients with newly diagnosed acute GVHD will be randomly assigned to receive
corticosteroids plus one of four new agents (etanercept, MMF, denileukin diftitox [Ontak],
and pentostatin). A control arm of only corticosteroids will not be employed. Each agent
will be assessed for safety and efficacy (at least 35% complete remission [CR] rate at Day
28 of therapy can be expected from previously untreated patients).


Inclusion Criteria:



- Prior allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant using either bone marrow,
peripheral blood stem cells, or cord blood

- De novo acute GVHD diagnosed within 48 hours prior to enrollment; biopsy confirmation
of GVHD is strongly recommended but not required; enrollment should not be delayed
awaiting biopsy or pathology results; the patient must have had no previous systemic
immune suppressive therapy given for treatment of acute GVHD except for a maximum 48
hours of prior corticosteroid therapy (at least 1 mg/kg/day methylprednisolone)

- Patients that have undergone a scheduled donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) as part of
their original transplant therapy plan

- ANC greater than 500/┬ÁL

- Clinical status at enrollment to allow tapering of steroids to not less than 1
mg/kg/day methylprednisolone (1.4 mg/kg/day prednisone) at Day 28 of therapy (e.g.,
persisting malignant disease suggesting the need for accelerated taper of
immunosuppression)

- Estimated creatinine clearance greater than 30 mL/minute

- Assent and educational materials provided to, and reviewed with, patients under the
age of 18

Exclusion Criteria:

- ONTAK, pentostatin, or etanercept given within 7 days of enrollment

- Active uncontrolled infection

- Patients that have undergone an unscheduled DLI, or DLI that was not part of their
original transplant therapy plan

- If any prior steroid therapy (for indication other than GVHD), treatment at doses of
at least 0.5 mg/kg/day methylprednisolone within 7 days prior to onset of GVHD

- Patients unlikely to be available at the transplant center on Day 28 and 56 of
therapy

- A clinical syndrome resembling de novo chronic GVHD developing at any time after
allotransplantation (see Chapter 2 of the BMT CTN Manual of Procedures for details of
de novo chronic GVHD)

- Other investigational therapeutics for GVHD within 30 days, including agents used for
GVHD prophylaxis

- Patients who are pregnant, breast feeding, or if sexually active, unwilling to use
effective birth control for the duration of the study

- Adults unable to provide informed consent

- Patients with a history of intolerance to any of the study drugs

Type of Study:

Interventional

Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Number of Complete Response (CR) at Day 28 of Therapy

Outcome Description:

Complete response at day 28 after randomization. CR was defined as resolution of all signs and symptoms of Graft-Versus-Host Disease (GVHD) in all evaluable organs in comparison to Day 1 scoring.

Outcome Time Frame:

Measured at Day 28

Safety Issue:

No

Principal Investigator

Edward Ball, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

University of California, San Diego

Authority:

United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:

285

NCT ID:

NCT00224874

Start Date:

September 2005

Completion Date:

June 2012

Related Keywords:

  • Graft Vs Host Disease
  • Immune System Disorders
  • Acute Graft vs Host Disease
  • GVHD
  • Graft vs Host Disease
  • Immune System Diseases

Name

Location

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center Seattle, Washington  98109
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center New York, New York  10021
University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center Philadelphia, Pennsylvania  19104
University of Nebraska Medical Center Omaha, Nebraska  68198-3330
Hackensack University Medical Center Hackensack, New Jersey  07601
City of Hope National Medical Center Los Angeles, California  91010
University of Minnesota Minneapolis, Minnesota  55455
University of Michigan Medical Center Ann Arbor, Michigan  48104-0914
Oregon Health Sciences University Portland, Oregon  
Texas Transplant Institute San Antonio, Texas  78229
Stanford Hospital and Clinics Stanford, California  94305
University of Florida College of Medicine (Shands) Gainesville, Florida  32610
Johns Hopkins/SKCCC Baltimore, Maryland  21231
Washington University/Barnes Jewish Hospital St. Louis, Missouri  63110
University Hospitals of Cleveland/Case Western Cleveland, Ohio  44106
University of Texas/MD Anderson CRC Houston, Texas  77030
University of California San Francisco, California  94108
DFCI/Brigham & Women's Hospital Boston, Massachusetts  02114
Duke University Medical Center (Peds) Durham, North Carolina  27705