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A Phase I Study of Oral Topotecan as a Radiosensitizing Agent in Patients With Rectal Carcinoma

Phase 1
18 Years
Not Enrolling
Rectal Neoplasms

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Trial Information

A Phase I Study of Oral Topotecan as a Radiosensitizing Agent in Patients With Rectal Carcinoma

This is an open-label, single center, phase I study designed to determine the MTD or oral
topotecan as a radiosensitizing agent in the treatment of rectal cancer patients.
Sequential cohorts of three patients will be given increasing doses of oral topotecan and
fixed doses of concurrent radiation (45GY) over five weeks. The starting dose of oral
topotecan is 0.25mg/m2 to be concomitantly administered with radiation (45Gy) x 5 days every
week unless the radiation is interrupted for Holidays/Weekends or toxicity requiring
treatment delays occurs.

A total of 25 doses is planned. Doses will be escalated in 0.15 mg/m2 increments thereafter
in subsequent cohorts. Topotecan will be administered immediately before daily radiation.

All patients will undergo a rectal biopsy before treatment begins and during treatment.
Tissue will be submitted to H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center for tumor marker assays. Tissue
from the excised tumor at the time of surgery will also be sent for the same studies.
Between day 10 and 14 of treatment, colonoscopy/sigmoidoscopy is mandatory to ensure having
a quantitative estimate of the tumor shrinkage and to obtain a repeat rectal biopsy. All
patients will undergo radiation therapy concurrently with oral topotecan. Patients will
receive 180 cGY per fraction to a total dose of 4500cGy(conventional fractionation) to the
pelvis using a 3 or 4 filed technique and high energy photons. Standardized fields for
rectal cancer will be used to include the true pelvis (mid sacrum to at least 2-3
centimeters below the inferior aspect of the tumor volume).

Patients will undergo surgery-either a low anterior resection, abdominoperineal resection or
local excision. All patients will be offered postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy consisting
of 5-Fluorouracil (F-FU) 350 mg/m2/day i.v. for 5 days administered every 28 days times four
cycles. Immediately prior to the administration of 5-FU, leucovorin will be administered at
a dose of 20 mg/m2/day i.v. push daily for 5 days every 28 days times four cycles.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients with histologically confirmed rectal cancer.

- Written Informed Consent

- Patients should be a candidate for preoperative radiotherapy

- A primary tumor of 3cm or greater with a clinical stage of T2, T3 or T4 and any N
according to the Astler-Coller modification of the Dukes staging system

- Patient must be 18 years of age or older

- Must have an ECOG performance status of 2 or Less

- Diagnosis of rectal cancer should be no more than 90 days from initial clinic visit
or from the start of therapy

- Patients must be seen and evaluated at the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center

- Patients must be recovered from prior surgery

- Patients must have a life expectancy of 3 months or greater

- Laboratory criteria: WBC of 3,500/mm3 or greater; Neutrophils of 1,500mm3 or
greater; Platelet count of 100,000/mm3 or greater; Serum creatinine of 1.5 mg/dl or
lesser; or creatinine clearance of greater than 60ml/min; SGOT/AST & SGPT/ALT &
alkaline phosphatase of 2 times or lesser than the upper limit or normal if liver
metastases are present; Serum bilirubin of 1.5mg/dl or lesser.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients with their primary tumor totally excised at time of diagnosis

- Patients with recurrent rectal cancer that failed initial treatment

- Patients previously treated with topotecan

- Patients with active infection

- Any known primary or secondary immunodeficiencies

- Any condition of the GI tract which would affect GI absorption or motility (e.g.,
autonomic neuropathy, active gastric or duodenal ulcers or certain gastrointestinal
surgeries). Patients receiving medication to maintain motility or gastric emptying
are also excluded.

- Patients with uncontrolled emesis, regardless of etiology.

- Concomitant malignancies or previous malignancies within the last five years, with
the exception of adequately treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin,
carcinoma in situ of the cervix or a low grade prostate cancer.

- Concurrent severe medical problems unrelated to the malignancy which would
significantly limit full compliance with the study or expose the patient to
significant risk.

- Patients of child bearing potential, not practicing adequate contraception (barrier
method or IUD for three months before the start of the study an agree to continue for
at least 4 weeks after the end of the study)

- Patients who are pregnant or lactating

- Use of an investigational drug within 30 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer)
preceding the first dose of study medication.

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Maximum Tolerated Dose of topotecan

Principal Investigator

William Dinwoodie, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute


United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:




Start Date:

November 2001

Completion Date:

January 2009

Related Keywords:

  • Rectal Neoplasms
  • Topotecan
  • Rectal Neoplasms
  • Radiosensitizing
  • Neoplasms
  • Carcinoma
  • Rectal Neoplasms



H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute Tampa, Florida  33612