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Clonidine for the Treatment of Neurocognitive Sequelae Following Cancer Treatment in Children

Phase 1/Phase 2
5 Years
16 Years
Not Enrolling
Treatment-Related Cancer

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Trial Information

Clonidine for the Treatment of Neurocognitive Sequelae Following Cancer Treatment in Children

The long term prognosis for many children diagnosed with brain tumors and other malignancies
has improved dramatically over the last decades and is expected to continue to rise as a
result of improved treatment. The increased survival in pediatric oncology, however, has
been associated with an increased recognition of neurobehavioral sequelae of cancer and its
treatment. Current understanding of the incidence, pathogenesis, and natural history of
these neurobehavioral abnormalities is limited and considerable individual variation in the
presence and severity of these complications has been noted. Central nervous system (CNS)
abnormalities associated with childhood cancer and its treatment have been demonstrated on
at least three levels which may be interrelated: neurobehavioral abnormalities, brain
imaging abnormalities, and neurotransmitter abnormalities.

Patients will be randomized to either clonidine or placebo. Study medication will be
administered in a double blind fashion beginning with a four-week dose titration period
followed by a four-week maintenance period. Total duration of dosing is 18 weeks. Patients
who derive a benefit from clonidine administration may continue for an additional 30 weeks
of therapy. PK samples will be collected at weeks 9 and 18.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients with a prior diagnosis of a pediatric malignancy (brain tumors, solid
tumors, leukemia/lymphoma) who are in remission, and are > 3 years from initial
diagnosis. Patients must have completed therapy a minimum of 6 months prior to study

- Patients must have English as their primary language

- Patients must be >3 and less than or equal to 16 at the time of study enrollment

- Patients must fulfill the operational criteria for neurocognitive deficit and have
an IQ > 50.

- Patients must be currently enrolled in a school or a learning environment where an
adult familiar with the child's academic performance can provide ratings of that
performance over the time of the trial.

- Patients must have wbc, hemoglobin and platelet parameters which fall within the
norms for the patient's age.

- Patients must have adequate hepatic function (bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5
mg/dl and SGPT < 5x normal) and renal function (normal Cr for age/GFR greater than or
equal to 70 ml/min/1.73m2)

- Patients must be able to swallow gel caps.

- Signed informed consent must be obtained according to institutional guidelines. When
appropriate the patient will be included in all discussion in order to obtain verbal

- Protocol and informed consent must be approved by the local IRB prior to any patient
registration and reapproved every 12 months.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients who have evidence of a significant neurological abnormality prior to their
cancer diagnosis that would affect neuro-behavioral development (such as genetic:
Fragile X, Downs syndrome, or acquired disorders: closed head injury)

- Patients with a prior (pre-cancer) diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity
disorder or major depression

- Patients who have a medical condition which would preclude the use of clonidine
(medicated for hypertension, cardiac conduction disturbances, cerebrovascular
disease, or chronic renal failure)

- Patients must not have received psychotropic medication (SSRIs, methylphenidate),
anxiolytics, or hypnotics within 2 weeks of study entry.

- Patients who are receiving concurrent scheduled barbiturates or sedating drugs.

- Currently (within 6 months) known to abuse drugs or to be dependent on any drug
including alcohol or with a positive urine drug screen.

- Women of childbearing age must not be pregnant or lactating. This group is excluded
because of teratogenic potential of this agent demonstrated in rat and rabbit models.

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment


United States: Federal Government

Study ID:

PPRU 10706



Start Date:

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Treatment-Related Cancer
  • Cancer
  • Clonidine
  • Neurocognitive sequelae
  • Neoplasms, Second Primary



Baylor College of MedicineHouston, Texas  77030