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Studies of Esophageal Metaplasia Using a Novel Antibody: Reversibility of Columnar Metaplasia by Proton Pump Inhibitor

Phase 3
18 Years
80 Years
Not Enrolling
Esophageal Metaplasia

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Trial Information

Studies of Esophageal Metaplasia Using a Novel Antibody: Reversibility of Columnar Metaplasia by Proton Pump Inhibitor

We propose to study prospectively 68 patients who have been identified as positive with mAb
DAS-1 immunostaining without histological evidence of specialized columnar epithelium ("True
Barrett's" epithelium) during routine endoscopy for dyspepsia or GERD symptoms. These
patients have been studied for initial screening for antibody staining under IRB protocol
#1698. This number is based on the statistical analysis by Fisher's exact test and has 90%
power to detect a 30% negativity (mAb Das-1 positive to negative) at a p<0.05 level. During
participation in IRB Protocol #1698, initial biopsy specimens were taken at:

- the squamo-columnar junction (at least 2 sites - 12 o'clock and 6 o'clock positions and
any other area with mucosal "tongues" of columnar epithelium),

- one from squamous epithelium at the distal esophagus to seek for the presence of

- one from antrum for the presence or absence of intestinal metaplasia of the stomach,

- and one from the gastric cardia.

Following endoscopy and participation in IRB Protocol #1698, for the symptomatic patients
who are not taking any proton pump inhibitor, an H2 blocker, Ranitidine (ZantacĂ’) 150 mg
twice daily, will be started while the biopsy is being analyzed for histology and
immunocytochemical stainings. This is usually completed within 2 weeks. Patients who
showed positive reactivity in at least one biopsy sample taken during participation in
Protocol #1698 with mAb Das-1 will be included in this study. Patients who have been taking
a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) for longer than 3 months preceeding study entry are not
eligible to participate in this study. Patients who have been taking proton pump inhibitors
for 3 months or less at the time of the endoscopy and biopsy screening for mAb Das-1, may
participate in this study 4 weeks after discontinuing the PPI (i.e., a 4 week washout

Patients will be randomized in a double-blinded fashion to receive either Pantoprazole, 40
mg twice daily (34 patients), or continued on Ranitidine, 150 mg twice daily (34 patients)
for a total period of 6 months. Pantoprazole and Ranitidine will be provided by Wyeth and
the code will be kept by the pharmacy department at The Cancer Institute of New Jersey. The
drugs will be provided free of cost to the patients for the entire period. Patients will be
followed as out-patients at three-month intervals up to 6 months. Patients will be advised
to return any unused capsules during the follow-up visits. The number of unused capsules as
well as review of the patient's medication diary will allow assessment of non-compliance.
Patients must be at least 75% compliant to remain on the study. If any patient complains of
persistent symptoms, an effort will be made to provide relief with antacids, as much as
needed. However, if the patient is still symptomatic, they will be taken off the study and
unblinded. If the patient is on Ranitidine they will be switched to open label Pantoprazole
and will be followed and further treated in a routine manner. If the patient is taking
Pantoprazole, pH monitoring to document acid reflux and planning of further management will
be determined.

All patients will have a follow-up endoscopy at 6 months, with no cost to the patient. This
cost will be born by the grant received by Dr. Das. Additional endoscopy will be performed
at 12 months and 24 months, which is the current "standard care" procedure for surveillance
in such patients. Follow-up biopsy specimens will be taken the same way as the initial
specimens and processed to see any changes in histology and mAb Das-1 reactivity.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Dyspeptic symptoms, upper abdominal pain, heartburn, regurgitation;

- Endoscopically - normal appearing GE junction, irregular z-line, or erosive
esophagitis up to Grade 2.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Barrett's esophagus (Endoscopically greater than 2 cm of columnar epithelium on
endoscopy and the presence of specialized columnar epithelium on histology);

- Patients who have been taking a PPI longer than the 3 months proceeding study entry.
Patients currently taking a PPI but for less than 3 months who are not willing to
discontinue PPI treatment for 4 weeks prior to enrollment into this study.

- Severe esophagitis Grade 3 or 4

- Documented active duodenal or gastric ulcer (at least 0.5cm diameter). Patients with
erosions can be included.

- Presence of esophageal varices

- History of gastric surgery altering normal anatomy (eg, Billroth procedure, gastric

- Pregnant or nursing patients

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

The monoclonal antibody mAb Das-1 has been shown to react with a colonic epitope that is expressed in Barrett's Esophagus. Recent work has shown that it may be able to detect the changes of Barrett's Esophagus before it is histologically evident. In

Principal Investigator

Kiron Das, MD, PhD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

University of Medicine and Dentistry New Jersey


United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:




Start Date:

December 2002

Completion Date:

October 2006

Related Keywords:

  • Esophageal Metaplasia
  • Esophageal Metaplasia
  • Esophageal Diseases
  • Metaplasia



Cancer Institute of New Jersey New Brunswick, New Jersey  08901